Abstract

A spectral nonlinear optics time-to-space converter operating in the lightwave communications band is reported for the first time. We demonstrate serial-to-parallel conversion of short frames of femtosecond pulses, for the first time operating at a conversion efficiency level allowing direct electronic readout at a conversion rate of hundreds of megaframes/s in real time, without signal averaging and with good signal-to-noise ratio. The results demonstrate that applications such as real-time measurements of ultrafast optical data sequences and header recognition in ultrafast optical time-division-multiplexed (OTDM) packet networks are approaching feasibility. Moreover, we analyze tradeoffs between optical powers and data rates from a system perspective, which allows us to assess the challenges for scaling to parallel demultiplexing of bit-interleaved OTDM transmission systems.

© 2003 IEEE

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Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

V. W. S. Chan, K. L. Hall, E. Modiano and K. A. Rauschenbach, "Architectures and technologies for high-speed optical data networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 2146-2168, Dec. 1998.

K. Uchiyama, T. Morioka, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara and M. Saruwatari, "Signal-to-noise ratio analysis of 100 Gb/s demultiplexing using nonlinear optical loop mirror", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 194-201, Feb. 1997.

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (25)

S. Shen and A. M. Weiner, "Complete dispersion compensation for 400-fs pulse transmission over 10-km fiber link using dispersion compensating fiber and spectral phase equalizer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 827-829, July 1999.

E. Yoshida, T. Yamamoto, A. Sahara and M. Nakazawa, "320 Gbit/s TDM transmission over 120 km using 400 fs pulse train", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1004-1005, May 1998.

H. Ohta, N. Banjo, N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa and Y. Yanagisawa, "Measuring eye diagram of 320 Gbit/s optical signal by optical sampling using passively modelocked fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1541-1542, Dec. 2001.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakazawa and M. M. Fejer, "High sensitivity waveform measurement with optical sampling using quasiphase-matched mixing in LiNbO 3 waveguide", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 842-844, June 2001.

K. L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, "Single-shot optical sampling oscilloscope for ultrafast optical waveforms", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 397-399, Mar. 1998.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrafast Laser Pulses , Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic, 2000.

P. C. Sun, Y. T. Mazurenko and Y. Fainman, "Femtosecond pulse imaging: ultrafast optical oscilloscope", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 14, pp. 1159-1170, May 1997.

G. Imeshev, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, A. Galvanauskas, M. Fermann and D. Harter, "Ultrafast-pulse second-harmonic generation with longitudinally nonuniform quasiphase-matching gratings: pulse compression and shaping", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 17, pp. 304-318, Feb. 2000 .

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing", Prog. Quantum Electron., vol. 19, pp. 161-237, 1995.

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J.-P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate", Appl. Phys. B Lasers O., vol. 75, pp. 47-51, July 2002.

S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed optical time-division-multiplexed transmission technology based on optical signal processing", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, pp. 2064-2079, Nov. 1998.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga and M. Nakazawa, "640-Gbit/s optical TDM transmission over 92 km through a dispersion-managed fiber consisting of single-mode fiber and reverse dispersion fiber", IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 353-355, Mar. 2000.

C. Schubert, J. Berger, U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, C. Schmidt and H. G. Weber, "160-Gb/s polarization insensitive all-optical demultiplexing using a gain-transparent ultrafast nonlinear interferometer (GT-UNI)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 1200 -1202, Nov. 2001.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori and T. Morioka, "160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC)", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 1190-1191, Sep. 2002.

A. M. Weiner, "High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 5, pp. 1563-1572, Aug. 1988 .

Y. Ding, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch and A. M. Weiner, "Time-domain image processing using dynamic holography", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 4, pp. 332-341, Mar./Apr. 1998.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators", Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 71, pp. 1929-1960, May 2000 .

D. E. Leaird and A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond direct space-to-time pulse shaping", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 37, pp. 494-504, Apr. 2001 .

K. Ema, M. Kuwata-Gonokami and F. Shimizu, "All-optical sub-Tbits/s serial-to-parallel conversion using excitons giant nonlinearity", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 59, pp. 2799-2801, Nov. 1991.

A. M. Kan'an and A. M. Weiner, "Efficient time-to-space conversion of femtosecond optical pulses", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 5, pp. 1242-1245, Mar. 1998.

A. M. Weiner and A. M. Kan'an, "Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 4, pp. 317-331, Mar./Apr. 1998.

J. Ishi, H. Kunugita, K. Ema, T. Ban and T. Kondo, "Time-to-space conversion of Tbits/s optical pulses using a self-organized quantum-well material", Appl. Phys. Lett. , vol. 77, pp. 3487-3489, Nov. 2000.

D. M. Marom, D. Panasenko, P. C. Sun and Y. Fainman, "Linear and nonlinear operation of a time-to-space processor", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, vol. 18, pp. 448-458, Feb. 2001.

D. M. Marom, D. Panasenko, P. C. Sun, Y. T. Mazurenko and Y. Fainman, "Real-time spatial-temporal signal processing with optical nonlinearities", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 7, pp. 683-693, July/Aug. 2001.

Y. Sato, M. Furuki, M. Tian, I. Iwasa and L. S. Pu, "Improvement of on/off ratio in single-shot multichannel demultiplexing by using an optical Kerr gate of a squarylium dye J aggregate film", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, pp. 2254-2256, Apr. 2002 .

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