Abstract

Nonlinearity in the electrical-to-optical conversion limits the dynamic range for transmitting analog and multilevel signals over fiber-optic channels. We describe a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) predistortion linearizer that extends the dynamic range of both direct and externally modulated links. The linearizer achieves 13-24-dB suppression for both second-and third-order distortions.

© 2003 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. M. Nazarathy, J. Berger, J. Ley, M. Levi and Y. Kagan, "Progress in externally modulated AM CATV transmission systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 82-105, Jan. 1993.
  2. J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer and R. A. Becker, "Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 34-41, Jan. 1992.
  3. P. Myslinski, C. Szubert, A. P. Freundorfer, P. Shearing, J. Sitch, M. Davies and J. Lee, "Over 20 GHz MMIC pre/postdistortion circuit for improved dynamic range broadband analog fiber optic link", Microwave Optical Technology Lett., no. 2, pp. 85 -90, Jan. 1999.
  4. D. J. M. Sabido, M. Tabara, T. K. Fong, C. Lu and L. G. Kazovsky, "Improving the dynamic range of a coherent AM analog optical link using a cascaded linearized modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 813-815, July 1995.
  5. G. C. Wilson, T. H. Wood, M. Gans, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. E. Johnson, T. Tanbun-Ek and P. A. Morton, "Predistortion of electroabsorption modulators for analog CATV systems at 1.55 µm", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1654-1662, Sept. 1997.
  6. C. Laliew, S. Weidmann, X. Zhang and A. Gopinath, "A linearized optical directional-coupler modulator at 1.3 µm", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1244-1249, Sept. 2000.
  7. 3641-Type DFB Transmitter Subassembly Application Note. Agere Systems. [Online]. Available: www.agere.com/long_haul_backbone/docs/AP00071.pdf
  8. R. Gomez and A. A. Abidi, "A 50-MHz CMOS variable gain amplifier for magnetic data storage systems", IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 27, pp. 935 -939, June 1992.
  9. C. Toumazou, F. J. Lidgey and D. G. Haigh, Analogue IC Design: The Current Mode Approach, Stevenage: U.K.: Peregrinus, 1990.
  10. T. Yeh, J. Lin, S.-C. Wong, H. Huang and J. Sun, "Mis-match characterization of 1.8 V and 3.3 V devices in 0.18 µm mixed signal CMOS technology", in Proc. IEEE 2001 Int. Conf. Microelectronic Test Structures , vol. 14, Mar. 19-22 2001, pp. 77-82.
  11. A. A. Ciubotaru, "Cube-law circuit using junction field-effect transistor", IEE Electronics Lett., vol. 34, no. 12, June 1998.
  12. W. I. Way, Broadband Hybrid Fiber/Coax Access System Technologies , San Diego, CA: Academic, 1999.
  13. M. Nazarathy, C. H. Gall and C. Y. Kuo, "Predistorter for high frequency optical communication devices", U.S. Patent 5 424 680, June 1995.
  14. A. Ackerman and H. Charles, "Effect of pilot tone based modulator bias control on external modulation link performance", in Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics 2000 (MWP 2000), Sept. 11-13 2000, pp. 121 -124.
  15. J. Basak, R. Sadhwani and B. Jalali, "WDM pilot tone technique for analog optical links", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 14, pp. 1083-1084, July 2003.
  16. S. Dubovitsky, W. H. Steier, S. Yegnanarayanan and B. Jalali, "Analysis and improvement of Mach-Zehnder modulator linearity performance for chirped and tunable optical carriers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 886-891, May 2002.

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

C. Laliew, S. Weidmann, X. Zhang and A. Gopinath, "A linearized optical directional-coupler modulator at 1.3 µm", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1244-1249, Sept. 2000.

M. Nazarathy, J. Berger, J. Ley, M. Levi and Y. Kagan, "Progress in externally modulated AM CATV transmission systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 82-105, Jan. 1993.

J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer and R. A. Becker, "Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 34-41, Jan. 1992.

S. Dubovitsky, W. H. Steier, S. Yegnanarayanan and B. Jalali, "Analysis and improvement of Mach-Zehnder modulator linearity performance for chirped and tunable optical carriers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 886-891, May 2002.

Other (12)

P. Myslinski, C. Szubert, A. P. Freundorfer, P. Shearing, J. Sitch, M. Davies and J. Lee, "Over 20 GHz MMIC pre/postdistortion circuit for improved dynamic range broadband analog fiber optic link", Microwave Optical Technology Lett., no. 2, pp. 85 -90, Jan. 1999.

D. J. M. Sabido, M. Tabara, T. K. Fong, C. Lu and L. G. Kazovsky, "Improving the dynamic range of a coherent AM analog optical link using a cascaded linearized modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 813-815, July 1995.

G. C. Wilson, T. H. Wood, M. Gans, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. E. Johnson, T. Tanbun-Ek and P. A. Morton, "Predistortion of electroabsorption modulators for analog CATV systems at 1.55 µm", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 1654-1662, Sept. 1997.

3641-Type DFB Transmitter Subassembly Application Note. Agere Systems. [Online]. Available: www.agere.com/long_haul_backbone/docs/AP00071.pdf

R. Gomez and A. A. Abidi, "A 50-MHz CMOS variable gain amplifier for magnetic data storage systems", IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 27, pp. 935 -939, June 1992.

C. Toumazou, F. J. Lidgey and D. G. Haigh, Analogue IC Design: The Current Mode Approach, Stevenage: U.K.: Peregrinus, 1990.

T. Yeh, J. Lin, S.-C. Wong, H. Huang and J. Sun, "Mis-match characterization of 1.8 V and 3.3 V devices in 0.18 µm mixed signal CMOS technology", in Proc. IEEE 2001 Int. Conf. Microelectronic Test Structures , vol. 14, Mar. 19-22 2001, pp. 77-82.

A. A. Ciubotaru, "Cube-law circuit using junction field-effect transistor", IEE Electronics Lett., vol. 34, no. 12, June 1998.

W. I. Way, Broadband Hybrid Fiber/Coax Access System Technologies , San Diego, CA: Academic, 1999.

M. Nazarathy, C. H. Gall and C. Y. Kuo, "Predistorter for high frequency optical communication devices", U.S. Patent 5 424 680, June 1995.

A. Ackerman and H. Charles, "Effect of pilot tone based modulator bias control on external modulation link performance", in Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics 2000 (MWP 2000), Sept. 11-13 2000, pp. 121 -124.

J. Basak, R. Sadhwani and B. Jalali, "WDM pilot tone technique for analog optical links", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 14, pp. 1083-1084, July 2003.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.