Abstract

This paper provides theoretical and experimental studies of radio-frequency (RF) photonics processing techniques applicable in subcarrier-multiplexed optical-label switching (OLS) communications systems. The paper provides an overview of various label-coding technologies and introduces subcarrier multiplexing (SCM) as an attractive technology for OLS networks. All-optical-label extraction using optical filters, such as fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs), provides an effective means to demodulate the SCM labels without inducing RF fading effects caused by fiber dispersion. Furthermore, the role of fiber nonlinearities in the RF fading effects are theoretically and experimentally verified. The all-optical label extraction and rewriting processes constitute optical-label swapping,wherein 2R data regeneration can take place. Scalable and cascadable OLS systems are feasible by applying viable RF photonics technologies in all-optical-label processing.

© 2003 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. K. Fukuchi, et al. "10.92-Tb/s (273 * 40 -Gb/s) triple-band/ultra-dense WDM optical-repeatered transmission experiment", in Proc. OFC'2001, vol. 4, Washington, DC, 2001, pp. PD24-1-PD24-3.
  2. S. J. B. Yoo and G. K. Chang, "High-throughput, low-latency next generation Internet using optical tag switching", U. S. Patent 6 111 673, Aug. 29, 2000 .
  3. S. J. B. Yoo, et al. "High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next generation Internet", IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., pp. 1041-1051, Sept. 2003.
  4. S. F. Su, A. R. Bugos, V. Lanzisera and R. Olshansky, "Demonstration of a multiple-access WDM network with subcarrier-multiplexed control channels", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 461-463, Mar. 1994.
  5. C. Guillemot, et al. "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 2117-2134, Dec. 1998.
  6. C. Bintjas, et al. "All-optical packet address and payload separation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1728-1730, Dec. 2002.
  7. O. Moriwaki, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada and M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet switching using pattern-matching label processing based on an optical timing pulse generator", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 5.5.6, Sept. 8-12, 2002.
  8. D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 2058-2074, Dec. 2000 .
  9. A. Okada, "All-optical packet routing in AWG-based wavelength routing networks using an out-of-band optical label", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002,Paper WG1,. pp. 213-215.
  10. N. Wada, H. Harai, W. Chujo and F. Kubota, "Multi-hop, 40 Gbit/s variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching, waveband routing and label swapping", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002,WG3,. pp. 216-217.
  11. B. Meagher, et al. "Design and implementation of ultra-low latency optical label switching for packet-switched WDM networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1978-1987, Dec. 2000 .
  12. Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way and G. K. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1088 -1090, Aug. 2000.
  13. A. B. Sahin and A. E. Willner, "Dispersion division multiplexing for in-band subcarrier-header-based all-optical packet switching", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002,Paper WO1,. pp. 279-280.
  14. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel and J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1937-1940, Dec. 1993 .
  15. H. J. Lee, V. Hernandez, V. K. Tsui and S. J. B. Yoo, "Simple, polarization-independent and dispersion-insensitive SCM signal extraction technique for optical switching systems applications", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 20, pp. 1240-1241, Sept. 2001.
  16. E. Lallas, N. Skarmoutsos and D. Syvridis, "A new all optical label swapping method based on optical FSK header encoding on the intensity modulated payload", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper P4.4, Sept. 8-12, 2002.
  17. J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppesen, "A novel optical labeling scheme using a FSK modulated DFB laser integrated with an EA modulator", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper TuQ5, Mar. 23-28, 2003.
  18. N. Chi, L. Xu, L. Christiansen, K. Yvind, J. Zhang, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Zhang and P. Jeppesen, "Optical label swapping and packet transmission based on ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation format in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, FS2, Mar. 23-28, 2003.
  19. E. N. Lallas, N. Skarmoutsos and D. Syvridis, "An optical FSK-based label coding technique for the realization of the all-optical label swapping", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1472-1474, Oct. 2002.
  20. N. Chi, et al. "Dispersion management for two-level optically labeled signals in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 5.5.1, Sept. 8-12, 2002.
  21. T. Koonen, et al. "Optical labeling of packet in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 5.5.2, Sept. 8-12, 2002.
  22. M. Hickey and L. Kazovsky, "The STARNET coherent WDM computer communication network: Experimental transceiver employing a novel modulation format", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 876-884, May 1994.
  23. H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 1848-1849, Oct. 1995.
  24. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel and J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1937-1940, Dec. 1993.
  25. S. J. B. Yoo, et al. "Optical-label based packet routing system with contention resolution in wavelength, time and space domains", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002, Paper WO2,. pp. 280-282.
  26. M. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao and S. J. B. Yoo, "All-optical sub-carrier label swapping with 2R regeneration", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper TuQ4, Mar. 23-28, 2003.
  27. J. Cao, et al. "Error-free multi-hop cascaded operation of optical label switching routers with all-optical label swapping", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper FS1, Mar. 23-28 , 2003.
  28. N. Chi, L. Xu, L. Christiansen, K. Yvind, J. Zhang, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Zhang and P. Jeppesen, "Optical label swapping and packet transmission based on ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation format in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper FS2, Mar. 23-28, 2003.
  29. R. Rawaswami and K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2002.
  30. Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way and G. K. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1088-1090, Aug. 2000.

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

C. Guillemot, et al. "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 2117-2134, Dec. 1998.

D. J. Blumenthal, et al. "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 2058-2074, Dec. 2000 .

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel and J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1937-1940, Dec. 1993 .

B. Meagher, et al. "Design and implementation of ultra-low latency optical label switching for packet-switched WDM networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1978-1987, Dec. 2000 .

M. Hickey and L. Kazovsky, "The STARNET coherent WDM computer communication network: Experimental transceiver employing a novel modulation format", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 876-884, May 1994.

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel and J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1937-1940, Dec. 1993.

Other (24)

S. J. B. Yoo, et al. "Optical-label based packet routing system with contention resolution in wavelength, time and space domains", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002, Paper WO2,. pp. 280-282.

M. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao and S. J. B. Yoo, "All-optical sub-carrier label swapping with 2R regeneration", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper TuQ4, Mar. 23-28, 2003.

J. Cao, et al. "Error-free multi-hop cascaded operation of optical label switching routers with all-optical label swapping", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper FS1, Mar. 23-28 , 2003.

N. Chi, L. Xu, L. Christiansen, K. Yvind, J. Zhang, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Zhang and P. Jeppesen, "Optical label swapping and packet transmission based on ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation format in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper FS2, Mar. 23-28, 2003.

R. Rawaswami and K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2002.

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way and G. K. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1088-1090, Aug. 2000.

H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 1848-1849, Oct. 1995.

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way and G. K. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1088 -1090, Aug. 2000.

A. B. Sahin and A. E. Willner, "Dispersion division multiplexing for in-band subcarrier-header-based all-optical packet switching", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002,Paper WO1,. pp. 279-280.

H. J. Lee, V. Hernandez, V. K. Tsui and S. J. B. Yoo, "Simple, polarization-independent and dispersion-insensitive SCM signal extraction technique for optical switching systems applications", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 20, pp. 1240-1241, Sept. 2001.

E. Lallas, N. Skarmoutsos and D. Syvridis, "A new all optical label swapping method based on optical FSK header encoding on the intensity modulated payload", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper P4.4, Sept. 8-12, 2002.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppesen, "A novel optical labeling scheme using a FSK modulated DFB laser integrated with an EA modulator", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, Paper TuQ5, Mar. 23-28, 2003.

N. Chi, L. Xu, L. Christiansen, K. Yvind, J. Zhang, P. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, C. Zhang and P. Jeppesen, "Optical label swapping and packet transmission based on ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation format in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the OFC'03, Atlanta, GA, FS2, Mar. 23-28, 2003.

E. N. Lallas, N. Skarmoutsos and D. Syvridis, "An optical FSK-based label coding technique for the realization of the all-optical label swapping", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1472-1474, Oct. 2002.

N. Chi, et al. "Dispersion management for two-level optically labeled signals in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 5.5.1, Sept. 8-12, 2002.

T. Koonen, et al. "Optical labeling of packet in IP-over-WDM networks", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 5.5.2, Sept. 8-12, 2002.

A. Okada, "All-optical packet routing in AWG-based wavelength routing networks using an out-of-band optical label", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002,Paper WG1,. pp. 213-215.

N. Wada, H. Harai, W. Chujo and F. Kubota, "Multi-hop, 40 Gbit/s variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching, waveband routing and label swapping", in Proc. OFC'02, vol. 1, Washington, DC, 2002,WG3,. pp. 216-217.

C. Bintjas, et al. "All-optical packet address and payload separation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1728-1730, Dec. 2002.

O. Moriwaki, T. Sakamoto, A. Okada and M. Matsuoka, "Optical packet switching using pattern-matching label processing based on an optical timing pulse generator", presented at the ECOC'02, Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper 5.5.6, Sept. 8-12, 2002.

K. Fukuchi, et al. "10.92-Tb/s (273 * 40 -Gb/s) triple-band/ultra-dense WDM optical-repeatered transmission experiment", in Proc. OFC'2001, vol. 4, Washington, DC, 2001, pp. PD24-1-PD24-3.

S. J. B. Yoo and G. K. Chang, "High-throughput, low-latency next generation Internet using optical tag switching", U. S. Patent 6 111 673, Aug. 29, 2000 .

S. J. B. Yoo, et al. "High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next generation Internet", IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., pp. 1041-1051, Sept. 2003.

S. F. Su, A. R. Bugos, V. Lanzisera and R. Olshansky, "Demonstration of a multiple-access WDM network with subcarrier-multiplexed control channels", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 461-463, Mar. 1994.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.