Abstract

As optical amplifiers have opened new perspectives for optical communication systems with ultrahigh capacities and long-haul transmission distances (more than 1 Tb/s over 10000 km), fundamental limits are being felt. In order to overcome these propagation impairments, another technology revolution is soon required. Promising developments concern in-line all-optical regeneration, which makes it possible to transmit optical data over virtually unlimited distances. In this paper, we recall the basic principles of optical regeneration in optical communication systems and review the current technology alternatives foreseen for future 40-Gb/s transmission system implementation,as investigated in Alcatel Research and Innovation. The alternative offered by optoelectronic regeneration is also discussed, so as to identify and highlight the advantages of the all-optical approach.

© 2003 IEEE

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Other (46)

P.Öhlén and E. Berglind, "IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.", vol. 9, July 1997.

S. Bigo, O. Leclerc and E. Desurvire, "IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron.", vol. 3, pp. 1208-1223, Sept./Oct. 1997.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "J. Lightwave Technol.", vol. 14, no. 6, 1996.

S. Fischer, M. Dülk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, WHunziker, D. Nesset and A. D. Ellis, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 35, no. 23, 1999.

B. Dagens, A. Labrousse, S. Fabre, B. Martin, S. Squedin, B. Lavigne, R. Brenot, M. L. Nielsen and M. Renaud, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'02)", Copenhage, Denmark, 2002,paper PD 3.1.

B. Sartorius, M. Möhrle, S. Reichenbacher, H. Preir, H. J. Wünsche and U. Bandelow, "IEEE J. Quantum Electron.", vol. 33, Feb. 1997.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Sieber and M. Wolfrum, "Novel concept for a tunable optical microwave source", in Proc. Conf. Optical Communications (OFC'2002), Washington, DC, 2002,paper ThM5,. p. 478.

C. Bornholdt, B. Sartorius and M. Möhrle, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'99)", Nice, France, 1999,postdeadline paper PD 3-5,. p. 54.

D. Chiaroni, B. Lavigne, A. Dupas, P. Guerber, A. Jourdan, F. Devaux, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, B. Sartorius and M. Möhrle, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'2000)", vol. 4, Munich, Germany, 2000,paper 10.4.5,. p. 69.

B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt, S. Bauer, M. Mörhrle, P. Brindel and O. Leclerc, in"Proc. Conf. Optical Communications (OFC'2000)", Washington, DC, 2000,postdeadline paper PD11.

B. Lavigne, P. Guerber, D. Chiaroni, C. Janz, A. Jourdan, B. Sartorius, C. Bornholdt and M. Mörhle, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'99)", vol. 2, Nice, France, 1999,paper ThA2-3,. p. 262.

B. Lavigne, P. Guerber, C. Janz, A. Jourdan and M. Renaud, in"Proc. Conf. Optical Communications (OFC'2000)", vol. 4, Washington, DC,paper ThF7,. p. 93.

P. Guerber, B. Lavigne, C. Janz, A. Jourdan, D. Wolson, T. Fjelde and A. Kloch, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'2000)", vol. 3, Munich, Germany, 2000,paper 8.4.3,. p. 121.

B. Lavigne, P. Guerber, P. Brindel, E. Balmefrezol and B. Dagens, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'2001)", vol. 3, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2001, paper We.F.2.6,. p. 290.

T. Otani, et al. in"ECOC'2001", Amsterdam, the Netherlands,We.F.2.1.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques and M. Kauer, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 890-892, 2002.

G. Raybon, Y. Su, J. Leuthold, R. Essiambre, T. Her, C. Joergensen, P. Steinvurzel, K. Dreyer and K. Feder, in"Proc. Conf. Optical Communications (OFC'2002)", Washington, DC, 2002,postdeadline paper FD10.

P. Guerber, B. Lavigne and O. Leclerc, in"Proc. Optical Fiber Conf. 2002", Anaheim, CA, Mar. <day>17-22</day> 2002,Paper ThGG100.

J. Nicollet, B. Lavigne and O. Leclerc, in"Proc. Optical Fiber Conf. 2003", Atlanta, GA, Mar. <day>22-28</day> 2003,paper Mf86.

N. J. Doran and D. Wood, "Opt. Lett.", vol. 13, no. 1, p. 5658, 1988.

R. Takahashi, Y. Kawamura and H. Iwamura, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'94)", vol. 1, Firenze, Italy, 1994, pp. 113-115.

E. Lugagne-Delpon, J.-L. Oudar, N. Bouché, R. Raj, A. Shen, N. Stelmakh and J.-M. Lourtioz, "Appl. Phys. Lett.", vol. 72, no. 7, pp. 759-761, 1998.

J. Mangeney, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar, J.-C. Harmand, G. Patriache, H. Choumane, N. Stelmakh and J.-M. Lourtioz, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 36, no. 17, p. 1486, 2000.

O. Leclerc, G. Aubin, P. Brindel, J. Mangeney, H. Choumane, S. Barré and J. L. Oudar, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 36, no. 23, p. 1944, 2000.

M. Matsumoto and O. Leclerc, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 38, no. 12, p. 576, 2002.

D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, L. Pierre, P. Brindel, H. Choumane, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar and O. Leclerc, in"Proc. Conf. Optical Communications (OFC'2002)", Washington, DC, 2002,postdeadline paper FD11.

O. Audouin, E. Pallise, E. Desurvire and E. Maunand, "IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.", vol. 10, pp. 828-829, 1998.

F. Seguineau, D. Rouvillain, L. Pierre, B. Lavigne, O. Leclerc, H. Choumane, G. Aubin and J.-L. Oudar, in"Proc. Journées Nationales D'Optique Guidée", Dijon, France,Sep. 2002, pp. 23-25.

A. Shen, M. Goix, S. Louis, D. Delagrandière, J. Decobert, G. Hénin, D. Rouvillain, O. Leclerc, H. Choumane, G. Aubin and J.-L. Oudar, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'02)", vol. 2, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2002,paper 5.4.5.

T. Akiyama, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Simoyama, Y. Nakata, K. Mukai, M. Suguwara, O. Wada and H. Ishikawa, in"Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Communications (ECOC'2000)", Munich, Germany, 2000,paper 9.3.6,. p. 291.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota and K. Suzuki, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 27, no. 14, p. 1270, 1991.

N. J. Smith, K. J. Blow, W. J. Firth and K. Smith, "Opt. Commun.", no. 102, p. 324, 1993.

O. Leclerc, E. Desurvire and O. Audouin, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 32, no. 12, 1996.

P. Brindel, B. Dany, O. Leclerc and E. Desurvire, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 480-481, 1999.

G. Aubin, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine and F. Devaux, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 32, no. 24, p. 2188, 1996.

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, A. Sahara and M. Nakazawa, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 34, no. 1, p. 98, 1998.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez and S. Bouchoule, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 730-731, 1999.

B. Dany, P. Brindel, E. Pincemin, D. Rouvillain and O. Leclerc, "Opt. Lett.", vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 793-795, 2000.

S. Waiyapot, S. Turitsyn, F. Seguineau and O. Leclerc, "Analytical and numerical analysis of 40 Gb/s regenerated transmissions using simple black box optical regenerator", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, 2003. to be published.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, B. Dany, F. Devaux, C. Duchet, L. Fleury, P. Nouchi, D. Rouvillain and A. Shen, in"Proc. Conf. SubOptic'01", vol. 1, Kyoto, Japan, 2001,paper3.1.5,. p. 229.

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, D. Chiaroni and E. Desurvire, Optical Fiber Technologies IVA, Kaminow, and Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002, ch. 15.

E. Desurvire, O. Leclerc and O. Audouin, "Opt. Lett.", vol. 21, no. 14, pp. 1026 -1028, 1996.

O. Leclerc, B. Dany, D. Rouvillain, P. Brindel, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, A. Shen, F. Devaux, A. Coquelin, M. Goix, S. Bouchoule, L. Fleury and P. Nouchi, "Electron. Lett.", vol. 36, no. 18, p. 1574, 2000.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, B. Dany, R. Brenot, A. Labrousse and B. Dagens, in"Proc. Optical Fiber Conference 2001", Anaheim, CA, March 2001,paper WF6,. pp. 18-23.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, J. Sasaki, T. Shimoda, A. Furukawa, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki and K. Tajima, in"ECOC'2001", Amsterdam, the Netherlands,Th.F.2.1.

R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, S. Watanabe, F. Futami, C. Schmidt, J. Berger, C. Boerner, S. Ferber and H. G. Weber, in"Proc. OECC'02", 2002, PD1.3.

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