Abstract

The stability of the polarization-resolved (PR) light output of a commercial vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) has been studied with and without the presence of external optical injection in a master-slave configuration. Pulsations in the PR light output are observed in the solitary laser at certain bias current. It has been observed here for the first time that optical injection can stabilize the polarization of a VCSEL operating in a pulsation regime.

© 2003 IEEE

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  1. A. Valle, L. Pesquera and K. A. Shore, "Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 2062-2068, Sept. 1996.
  2. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. Van Lehmen, L. T. Florez and N. G. Stoffel, "Dynamics, polarization and transverse mode characterization of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 27, pp. 1402-1408, June 1991.
  3. H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney and R. A. Morgan, "Transverse modes and patterns of electrically pumped vertical-cavity sutface-emitting semiconductor lasers", Chaos Solitons Fractals, vol. 4, pp. 1619-1635, 1994.
  4. T. Ackemann and M. Sundermann, "Characteristics of polarization switching from low to the high frequency mode in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 78, no. 23, pp. 3574-3576, 2001 .
  5. S. Balle, E. Tolkachora, M. San Miguel, J. R. Tredicce, J. M. Regalado and A. Gahl, "Mechanism of polarization switching in single transverse mode vertical cavity surface emitting lasers: Thermal shift and nonlinear semiconductor dynamics", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 16, pp. 1121-1123, 1999.
  6. J. Ping, "The dynamic properties and stability analysis for vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 31, pp. 2127-2132, Dec. 1995.
  7. J. M. Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel and N. B. Abraham, "Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, pp. 765-783, May 1997.
  8. K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider Jr., K. L. Lear and R. E. Leibenguth, "Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 1, pp. 661-666, June 1995.
  9. P. Besnard, M. L. Chares and G. Stephan, "Switching between polarized modes of a vertical cavity surface emitting laser by isotropic feedback", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1059-1063, 1999.
  10. A. Valle, L. Pesquera and K. A. Shore, "Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 639-641, May 1998.
  11. F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares and G. M. Stephan, "Switching of the polarization state of a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser using polarized feedback", Opt. Quantum Electron., vol. 27, pp. 805-811, 1995.
  12. M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with optical feedback: Experimental and model", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 2114-2123, Nov. 1999.
  13. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kejima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth and M. W. Focht, "Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett. , vol. 63, no. 22, pp. 2999-3001, 1993.
  14. Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni and J. Halone, "Polarization switching in a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser by frequency detuning", Inst. Elect. Eng. Proc.-Optoelectron , vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 31-34, 2001.
  15. M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen and J. P. Woerdman, "Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 58, pp. 4191 -4205, 1998.
  16. M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, "Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 82, pp. 4815-4818, 1999.
  17. M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, pp. 4337-4340, 2000.
  18. S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarization dynamics in VCSELs", Opt. Commun., vol. 202, pp. 145-154, 2002.
  19. A. Valle, J. Sarma and K. A. Shore, "Spatial hole burning effects on the dynamics of vertical cavity surface-emitting laser diodes", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1423-1431, 1995.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Valle, L. Pesquera and K. A. Shore, "Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 2062-2068, Sept. 1996.

Other (18)

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, J. P. Harbison, G. Hasnain, A. C. Van Lehmen, L. T. Florez and N. G. Stoffel, "Dynamics, polarization and transverse mode characterization of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 27, pp. 1402-1408, June 1991.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney and R. A. Morgan, "Transverse modes and patterns of electrically pumped vertical-cavity sutface-emitting semiconductor lasers", Chaos Solitons Fractals, vol. 4, pp. 1619-1635, 1994.

T. Ackemann and M. Sundermann, "Characteristics of polarization switching from low to the high frequency mode in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 78, no. 23, pp. 3574-3576, 2001 .

S. Balle, E. Tolkachora, M. San Miguel, J. R. Tredicce, J. M. Regalado and A. Gahl, "Mechanism of polarization switching in single transverse mode vertical cavity surface emitting lasers: Thermal shift and nonlinear semiconductor dynamics", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 16, pp. 1121-1123, 1999.

J. Ping, "The dynamic properties and stability analysis for vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 31, pp. 2127-2132, Dec. 1995.

J. M. Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel and N. B. Abraham, "Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, pp. 765-783, May 1997.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider Jr., K. L. Lear and R. E. Leibenguth, "Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 1, pp. 661-666, June 1995.

P. Besnard, M. L. Chares and G. Stephan, "Switching between polarized modes of a vertical cavity surface emitting laser by isotropic feedback", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1059-1063, 1999.

A. Valle, L. Pesquera and K. A. Shore, "Polarization selection and sensitivity of external cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 639-641, May 1998.

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares and G. M. Stephan, "Switching of the polarization state of a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser using polarized feedback", Opt. Quantum Electron., vol. 27, pp. 805-811, 1995.

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers with optical feedback: Experimental and model", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 2114-2123, Nov. 1999.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kejima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth and M. W. Focht, "Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett. , vol. 63, no. 22, pp. 2999-3001, 1993.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni and J. Halone, "Polarization switching in a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser by frequency detuning", Inst. Elect. Eng. Proc.-Optoelectron , vol. 148, no. 1, pp. 31-34, 2001.

M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen and J. P. Woerdman, "Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 58, pp. 4191 -4205, 1998.

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, "Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 82, pp. 4815-4818, 1999.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter and J. P. Woerdman, "Anatomy of polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, pp. 4337-4340, 2000.

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarization dynamics in VCSELs", Opt. Commun., vol. 202, pp. 145-154, 2002.

A. Valle, J. Sarma and K. A. Shore, "Spatial hole burning effects on the dynamics of vertical cavity surface-emitting laser diodes", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1423-1431, 1995.

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