J. Canning and M. Aslund, "Birefringence compensation improved fringe contrast and trimming in an integrated asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer using mid-IR laser processing", Opt. Mater., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 175-183, May 2000.
J. Canning, M. Aslund, A. Ankiewicz, M. Dainese, H. Fernando, J. K. Sahu and L. Wosinski, "Birefringence control in plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition planar waveguides by ultraviolet irradiation", Appl. Opt., vol. 39, no. 24, pp. 4296-4299, Aug. 2000.
S. Suzuki, Y. Inoue and Y. Ohmori, "Polarization-insensitive arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with SiO2 -on-SiO 2 structure", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 642-643, Apr. 1994.
S. Suzuki, S. Sumida, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii and Y. Ohmori, "Polarization-insensitive arrayed-waveguide grating using dopant-rich silica-based glass with thermal expansion adjusted to Si substrate", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 13, pp. 1173-1174, June. 1997.
S. M. Ojha, C. Cureton, T. Bricheno, S. Day, D. Moule, A. J. Bell and J. Taylor, "Simple method of fabrication polarization-insensitive and very low crosstalk AWG grating devices", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 78-79, Jan. 1994.
J. Canning, "Birefringence control in planar waveguides using doped top layers", Opt. Comm., vol. 191, pp. 225-228, May 2001 .
C. Nadler, M. Lanker, E. Wildermuth, W. Hunziker and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive wavelength multiplexers using stress release grooves", in Proc. ECOC'98, 1998, pp. 129-130.
C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 5, pp. 1407-1412, Sept.-Oct. 1999.
H. Takahashi, Y. Hibina, Y. Ohmmori and M. Kawachi, "Polarization-insensitive arrayed-waveguide wavelength multiplexer with birefringence compensation film", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 707-708, June 1993.
D. Xiaoqing, Y. Qinqing, W. Hongjie, H. Xiongwei and W. Qiming, "Stress analysis of silica optical waveguide on silicon by a finite element method", Chin. J. Semicond., vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1196-1200, Nov. 2002.
X. Zhao, Y. Z. Xu and C. Li, "Thermal strain analysis in optical planar waveguides", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 398 -400, Mar. 2003.
X. Zhao, C. Li and Y. Z. Xu, "Stress-induced birefringence control in optical planar waveguides", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 564-566, Apr. 2003.
P. Townsend, D. Barnett and T. Brunner, "Elastic relationships in layered composite media with approximation for the case of thin films on a thick substrate", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 62, pp. 4438-4444, Dec. 1987.
S. P. Timoshenko and J. N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1970, pp. 15-456.
C. A. Klein and R. P. Miller, "Strains and stresses in multilayered elastic structures: the case of chemically vapor-deposited ZnS'ZnSe laminates", J. Appl. Mech., vol. 87, no. 5, pp. 2265-2272, Mar. 2000.
W. D. Nix, "Mechanical properties of thin films", Metall. Trans., vol. 20A, pp. 2217-2245, Nov. 1989.
C.-H. Hsueh, "Modeling of elastic deformation of multilayers due to residual stresses and external bending", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 4438-4444, June 2002.