Abstract

In this paper, various issues related to packet transportation in dynamically reconfigurable networks are studied and techniques for transmitting the associated signaling are discussed. A novel transportation frame based on multisymbol coding is presented, its functionality is analyzed, and the various alternatives for transmitting multiwavelength label/headers are reviewed and benchmarked. A physical layer performance comparison between two multiwavelength schemes, i.e., the bit-parallel and the multilevel (M -ary) coded, is carried out using analytic modeling as well as simulation tools. It is shown that the multilevel coding is an interesting solution,particularly in a wide-area network environment deploying line rates higher than 10 Gb/s.

© 2003 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

S.-K. Shao and M.-S. Kao, "WDM coding for high-capacity lightwave systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 137-148, Jan. 1994 .

D. Marcusse, "Derivation of analytical expressions for the bit-error probability in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 1816 -1823, Dec. 1990.

S. Shao and M. Kao, "WDM coding for high capacity lightwave systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 137-148, Jan. 1994 .

W. Zeiler, F. Di Pasquale, P. Bayvel and J. E. Midwinter, "Modeling of four-wave mixing and gain peaking in amplified WDM optical communication systems and networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 1933-1942, Sept. 1996 .

D. Wonglumsom, I. M. White, K. Shrikhande, M. S. Rogge, S. M. Gemelos, F.-T. An, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarious and L. G. Kazovsky, "Experimental demonstration of an access point for HORNET-A packet over WDM multiple-access MAN", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1709-1717, Dec. 2000.

A. Rodriguez-Moral, P. Bonenfant, S. Baroni and R. Wu, "Optical data networking: Protocols, technologies and architectures for next generation optical transport networks and optical internetworks", IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 1855-1870, Dec. 2000.

J. Wei and R. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 2019-2037, Dec. 2000.

A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Cross-Phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 178-190, Feb. 1999.

Other (24)

D. N. Christodoulides, "Evolution of stimulated Raman crosstalk in wavelength division multiplexed systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1722-1724, Dec. 1996.

I. B. Djordjevic and A. Stavdas, "Analytical modeling of stimulated Raman scattering in WDM systems with dispersion compensated links", J. Opt. Commun., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 54-60, 2003.

D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 382-384, Apr. 2001.

P. Green, "Progress in optical networking", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, pp. 54-61, Jan. 2001.

D. Chiaroni, A. Jourdan, T. Zani, N. LeSauze, E. Dotaro, J. Y. Emery and L. Tancevski, "Toward 10 Tb/s optical packet routers for the backbone", in Proc. 26th Eur. Conf. Optical Communications, vol. 4, Munich, Germany,Sept. 2000, pp. 73-74.

M. Veeraraghavan, R. Karri, T. Moors, M. Karol and R. Grobler, "Architectures and protocols that enable new applications on optical networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 118-127, Mar. 2001.

A. Carena, M. Vaugh, R. Gaudino, M. Shell and D. J. Blumenthal, "OPERA: An optical packet experimental routing architecture with label swapping capability", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 16, pp. 2135-2145, Dec. 1998.

M. Eiselt, M. Shtaif and L. D. Garrett, "Contribution of timing jitter and amplitude distortion to XPM system penalty in WDM systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 748-750, June 1999.

K. Inoue, "Crosstalk and P-o-WDMer penalty due to fiber four-wave mixing in multichannel transmissions", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 12, pp. 1423-1438, Aug. 1994.

A. Stavdas, "Architectures, technology and strategies for a gracefully evolving optical packet switching networks", SPIE Optical Networks Mag., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 1-17, 2003.

G. Bernstein, J. Yates and D. Saha, "IP-centric control and management of optical transport networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 161-167, Oct. 2000 .

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. Ramamoorthy and K. Bala, "IP over optical networks: Architectural aspects", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 94-102, Sept. 2000.

C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 104-114, Sept. 2000.

J. D. Angelopoulos, N. Leligou, C. Linardakis and A. Stavdas, "A QoS-ware MAC for slotted WDM metropolitan rings", presented at the 6th Conf. Optical Network Design Modeling (ONDM2002),.

F. Callegati, H. Cankaya, Y. Xiong and M. Vandenhoute, "Design issues of optical IP routers for the backbone applications", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 124-128, Dec. 1999 .

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute and H. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks", IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 18, pp. 1838-1851, Oct. 2000.

A. Stavdas and S. Rotolo, "An optically packet switched network with header recognition based on wavelength and time combination", in NOC'99, Delft, The Netherlands, 1999, pp. 225-232.

A. Stavdas, C. Skoufis, I. Angelopoulos, G. Stassinopoulos and I. Pountourakis, "On multi-? packet labeling for metropolitan and wide-area optical networks", Photonic Network Commun., vol. 3, no. 1/2, pp. 131-145, Jan./June 2001.

A. Stavdas, "Concept presentation and performance issues of multi-wavelength headers in optical packet switching", in Int. Conf. Optical Internet/Topical Meeting Photonics Switching, 2002.

M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to-wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 552-554, May 2000.

N. Wada, H. Harai, W. Chujo and F. Kubota, "Photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching using fiber Bragg gratings", presented at the ECOC 2000, Munich, Sept. 2000.

N. Wada, H. Harai, W. Chujo and F. Kubota, "Multi-hop variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching waveband routing and label swapping", in Proc. OFC 2002, 2002, Paper WG3,. pp. 216-217.

H. L. Lee and D. Simeonidou, "Novel optical packet header decoding via cross-correlation", in Proc. Photonics Switching 2001, 2001, pp. 66-67.

K. Chan, et al. "An all-optical packet header recognition scheme for self-routing packet networks", in Proc. OFC2002, 2002, Paper WO4,. pp. 284-285.

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