Abstract

We present a novel method for desiging multiwavelength pumped fiber Raman amplifiers with optimal gain-flatness and gain-bandwidth performance. We show that by solving the inverse amplifier design problem, relative gain flatness well below 1% can be achieved over bandwidths of up to 12 THz without any gain equalization devices. This constitutes a substantial improvement in gain flatness compared to the existing wide-band optical fiber amplifiers.

© 2002 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. S. Namiki and Y. Emori, "Recent advances in ultra-wideband Raman amplifiers", in Proc. OFC 2000, Baltimore, MD, 2000,FF1,. pp. 98-99.
  2. H. Masuda, "Review of wideband hybrid amplifiers", in Proc. OFC 2000, Baltimore, MD, 2000, pp. 2-4.
  3. J. Kani and M. Jinno, "Wideband and flat-gain optical amplification from 1460 to 1510 nm by serial combination of a thulium-doped fluoride fiber amplifier and fiber Raman amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1004-1006, June <day>10</day>, 1999.
  4. S. Kawai, H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki and K. Aida, "Wide-bandwidth and long-distance WDM transmission using highly gain-flattened hybrid amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 886-888, July 1999.
  5. D. Bayart, P. Baniel, A. Bergonzo, J.-Y. Boniort, P. Bousselet, L. Garca, D. Hamoir, F. Lepringard, A. Le Sauze, P. Nouchi, F Roy and P. Sillard, "Broadband optical fiber amplification over 17.7 THz range", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1569-1671, Aug. <day>31</day>, 2000.
  6. H. Kidorf, "Recent advances in Raman amplification and applications", in Proc. CLEO 2001, Baltimore, MD, 2001,CTuJ3.
  7. Y. Emori, K. Tanaka and S. Namiki, "100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1355-1356, Aug. 1999.
  8. S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fiber Raman amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1178-1179, July 1999.
  9. S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Triple wavelength pumped silica-fiber Raman amplifiers with 114-nm bandwidth", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1761-1762, Sept. 1999.
  10. F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky and D. S. Starodubov, "Broadband gain flattened Raman amplifier to extend operation in the third telecommunication window", in Proc. OFC 2000, Baltimore, MD, 2000, pp. 103-105.
  11. H. Masuda and S. Kawai, "Wide-band and gain flattened hybrid fiber amplifier consisting of an EDFA and a multiwavelength pumped Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 647-649, June 1999 .
  12. H. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma and E. Rabarijaona, "Pump interactions in a 100-nm bandwidth Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 530-532, May 1999.
  13. Z. Michalewicz, Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolution Programs, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992.
  14. S. Bigo, S. Gauchard, A. Bertaina and J.-P. Hamaide, "Experimental investigation of stimulated Raman scattering limitation on WDM transmission over various types of fiber infrastructures", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 671-673, June 1999.
  15. M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen and X. Li, "Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 948-950, 2001.
  16. X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum and T. H. Cheng, "A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 945-947, Sept. 2001.
  17. Y. Emori and S. Namiki, "Broadband Raman amplifier for WDM", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-0C, pp. 593-597, Sept. 2001.

Other (17)

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, "Recent advances in ultra-wideband Raman amplifiers", in Proc. OFC 2000, Baltimore, MD, 2000,FF1,. pp. 98-99.

H. Masuda, "Review of wideband hybrid amplifiers", in Proc. OFC 2000, Baltimore, MD, 2000, pp. 2-4.

J. Kani and M. Jinno, "Wideband and flat-gain optical amplification from 1460 to 1510 nm by serial combination of a thulium-doped fluoride fiber amplifier and fiber Raman amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1004-1006, June <day>10</day>, 1999.

S. Kawai, H. Masuda, K.-I. Suzuki and K. Aida, "Wide-bandwidth and long-distance WDM transmission using highly gain-flattened hybrid amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 886-888, July 1999.

D. Bayart, P. Baniel, A. Bergonzo, J.-Y. Boniort, P. Bousselet, L. Garca, D. Hamoir, F. Lepringard, A. Le Sauze, P. Nouchi, F Roy and P. Sillard, "Broadband optical fiber amplification over 17.7 THz range", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1569-1671, Aug. <day>31</day>, 2000.

H. Kidorf, "Recent advances in Raman amplification and applications", in Proc. CLEO 2001, Baltimore, MD, 2001,CTuJ3.

Y. Emori, K. Tanaka and S. Namiki, "100 nm bandwidth flat-gain Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by 12-wavelength-channel WDM laser diode unit", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1355-1356, Aug. 1999.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fiber Raman amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1178-1179, July 1999.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Triple wavelength pumped silica-fiber Raman amplifiers with 114-nm bandwidth", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1761-1762, Sept. 1999.

F. Koch, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, V. Grubsky and D. S. Starodubov, "Broadband gain flattened Raman amplifier to extend operation in the third telecommunication window", in Proc. OFC 2000, Baltimore, MD, 2000, pp. 103-105.

H. Masuda and S. Kawai, "Wide-band and gain flattened hybrid fiber amplifier consisting of an EDFA and a multiwavelength pumped Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 647-649, June 1999 .

H. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma and E. Rabarijaona, "Pump interactions in a 100-nm bandwidth Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 530-532, May 1999.

Z. Michalewicz, Genetic Algorithms + Data Structures = Evolution Programs, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992.

S. Bigo, S. Gauchard, A. Bertaina and J.-P. Hamaide, "Experimental investigation of stimulated Raman scattering limitation on WDM transmission over various types of fiber infrastructures", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 671-673, June 1999.

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen and X. Li, "Automatic design scheme for optical-fiber Raman amplifiers backward-pumped with multiple laser diode pumps", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 948-950, 2001.

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum and T. H. Cheng, "A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 945-947, Sept. 2001.

Y. Emori and S. Namiki, "Broadband Raman amplifier for WDM", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E84-0C, pp. 593-597, Sept. 2001.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.