Abstract

With the commissioning of the latest 10-Gb/s systems, vendors are now in the process of developing architectures for their next-generation products. 40-Gb/s components and subsystems are currently in development to address the necessities of these next-generation systems. The top three challenges associated with 40-Gb/s transmission are optical signal-to-noise ratio, dispersion, and high-speed components. In order to realize 40-Gb/s transmission, new component and subsystem developments are crucial. This paper reviews the latest transmission technologies and dispersion compensation techniques developed to fulfill 40-Gb/s transmission system requirements.

[IEEE ]

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J. Lightwave Technol. (11)

Y. H. Chen, "Optimal design for direct-detection system with optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1495-1499, Sept. 1993 .

D. K. Smith and A. J. Antos, "Design and characterization of dispersion compensating fiber based on the LP01 mode", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 1739-1745, Oct. 1994 .

A. Naka and S. Saito, "Transmission distance of in-line amplifier systems with group-velocity-dispersion compensation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 862-867, May 1995.

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson and P. Andrekson, "A comparison between different PMD compensation techniques", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 368-378, Mar. 2002.

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi and H. Miyazawa, "Millimeter-wave Ti:LiNbO3 optical modulator", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 615-619, Apr. 1998 .

W. K. Burns, M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, R. Krahenbuhl, R. W. McElhanon and A. S. Greenblatt, "Low drive voltage, broad-band LiNbO3 modulators with and without etched ridges", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 2551-2555, Dec. 1999 .

W. J. Choi, A. E. Bond, J. Kim, J. Zhang, R. Jambunathan, H. Foulk, S. O'Brien, J. Van Norman, D. V. Vandegrift, C. Wanamaker, J. Shakespeare and H. Cao, "Low insertion loss and low dispersion penalty InGaAsP quantum-well high-speed electroabsorption modulator for 40-Gb/s very-short-reach, long-reach and long-haul applications", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 2052-2056, Dec. 2002.

N. M. Litchinister, B. J. Eggleton and D. B. Paterson, "Fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion compensation in transmission: Theoretical model and design criteria for nearly ideal pulse reconstruction", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1303-1313, Aug. 1997.

L. M. Lunardi, D. J. Moss, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion compensation at 40 Gb/s using a multicavity etalon all-pass filter, with NRZ, RZ and CS-RZ modulation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 2136-2144, Dec. 2002 .

N. G. Walker and G. R. Walker, "Polarization control for coherent communications", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 438-457, Mar. 1990.

H. Y. Pua, K. Peddanarappagari, B. Zhu, C. Allen, K. Demarest and R. Hui, "An adaptive first-order polarization-mode dispersion compensation system aided by polarization scrambling: Theory and demonstration", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 832-841, June 2000 .

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