Sophistication of the transmission format for 40-Gb/s/ch WDM networks is indispensable. In long-haul transmission applications, the selection of transmission format should be a principal issue. Recently, we have proposed several transmission formats including carrier-suppressed return-to-zero (CS-RZ) and duo-binary-carrier-suppressed (DCS-RZ), in so doing addressing the issue of superior performance versus fiber nonlinearity and spectral efficiency. The special spectrum structure of these formats enables a novel mode-splitting detection scheme. The scheme realizes a variety of applications in 40-Gb/s/ch transmission; including expansion of dispersion tolerance, automatic dispersion compensation, and BER improvement. We achieved 1.6 times expansion of dispersion tolerance of 43-Gb/s DCS-RZ signals by introducing mode-splitting in the receiver. By applying the mode-splitting scheme for CS-RZ signals, we also demonstrated precise chromatic dispersion measurement with its sign detection without the need for any dithering operation and its application to automatic dispersion compensation at 43-Gb/s CS-RZ transmission.
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