The system outage probability induced by polarization mode dispersion (PMD) and polarization dependent loss (PDL) is studied by Monte Carlo simulations using a new waveplate model. The previous waveplate model gives zero PMD and PDL probability densities when PMD and PDL exceed certain values, while our new model does not have such a limitation. It is shown that the system outage probability strongly depends on the interaction of PMD and PDL and the acceptable PMD limit drops significantly with the increase of PDL.


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  1. A. El Amari, N. Gisin and B. Perny, et al. "Statistical prediction and experimental verification of concatenation of fiber optic components with polarization dependent loss", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 332-339, 1998.

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