Abstract

We present a general and rigorously formulated dynamic receiver model aiming at 10-40-Gb/s wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) system design applications. A demultiplexing (DEMUX) characteristic with periodic transfer function has been treated in detail and it has been indicated how the model should be adjusted to take into consideration a general type of noise spectral density (NSD). The bit error ratio (BER) is evaluated accounting for the influence of non-Gaussian detected amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise, noise correlation between stochastic noise samples in the receiver,the gain and effective noise figure variation with wavelength of optical amplifiers,channel crosstalk, and intersymbol interference (ISI) effects caused by nonideal signal modulation, fiber dispersion, fiber nonlinearities, optical MUX, and DEMUX filtering and the impulse response of the electrical lowpass filter in the receiver. Also, the influence of shot and thermal noise is taken into account. Numerical results for the BER are presented considering a realistic 16-channel 10-Gb/s WDM system operating in the C-band using normal transmission fibers and including cascaded erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) with dispersion compensating fibers.

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  2. B. Chan and J. Conradi, "On the non-Gaussian noise in erbium doped fiber amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 680-687, Apr. 1997.
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  6. S. Herbst, P. Meissner, M. Baussmann and M. Erbasch, "Sensitivity of a direct WDM-system with a frequency selective optical receiver and optical preamplifier", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 32-36, Jan. 1998.
  7. G. Jacobsen, K. Bertilsson and Z. Xiaopin, "WDM transmission system performance: Influence of non-Gaussian detected ASE noise and a periodic DEMUX characteristic", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1804-1812, Oct. 1998 .
  8. F. Koyama and K. Iga, "Frequency chirping in external modulators", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 87-93, Jan. 1988.

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

O. Sahl n, "Optimization of DFB lasers integrated with Franz-Keldysh absorption modulators", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 969-976, June 1994.

B. Chan and J. Conradi, "On the non-Gaussian noise in erbium doped fiber amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 680-687, Apr. 1997.

G. Jacobsen, "Multichannel system design using optical preamplifiers and accounting for the effects of phase noise, amplifier noise and receiver noise", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 367-377, Mar. 1992.

C. Lawetz and J. C. Cartledge, "Performance of optically preamplified receivers with Fabry-Perot filters", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 2467-2474, Nov. 1996.

I. T. Monroy and G. Einarsson, "Bit error evaluation of optically preamplified direct detection receivers with Fabry-Perot optical filters", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1546-1553, Aug. 1997 .

F. Koyama and K. Iga, "Frequency chirping in external modulators", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 87-93, Jan. 1988.

S. Herbst, P. Meissner, M. Baussmann and M. Erbasch, "Sensitivity of a direct WDM-system with a frequency selective optical receiver and optical preamplifier", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 32-36, Jan. 1998.

G. Jacobsen, K. Bertilsson and Z. Xiaopin, "WDM transmission system performance: Influence of non-Gaussian detected ASE noise and a periodic DEMUX characteristic", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1804-1812, Oct. 1998 .

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