Abstract

In this paper, we present a technique for the shaping of short pulses based on the use of superstructured fiber Bragg gratings (SSFBGs). We apply this technique to demonstrate the generation of 20-ps rectangular pulses by phase and amplitude profiling of 2.5-ps soliton pulses. Numerical calculations validate our experimental findings.

© 2001 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. N. J. Halas, D. Krökel and D. Grischkowsky, "Ultrafast light-controlled optical-fiber modulator", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 50, pp. 886-888, 1987.
  2. G. Imeshev, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, M. Proctor and M. M. Fejer, "Engineerable femtosecond pulse shaping by second-harmonic generation with Fourier synthetic quasiphase-matching gratings", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 864-866, 1998.
  3. A. M. Weiner and A. M. Kan'an, "Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing and time-to-space conversion of ulatrafast optical waveforms", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 4, pp. 317-331, 1998.
  4. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage and E. M. Kirschner, "High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 5, pp. 1563-1572, 1988.
  5. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel and J. R. Wullert, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond pulses by use of a 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 28, pp. 908-920, 1992.
  6. M. R. Fetterman, D. Goswami, D. Keusters, W. Yang, J.-K. Rhee and W.S. Warren, "Ultrafast pulse shaping: amplification and characterization", Opt. Express, vol. 3, pp. 366 -375, 1998.
  7. H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa and C. Amano, "Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1186-1188, 1999.
  8. G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill and D. D. Sampson, "Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code-division multiplexing", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 819-820, 1995.
  9. R. Feced, M. N. Zervas and M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 35, pp. 1105-1111, 1999.
  10. K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1263-1276, 1997.
  11. B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian and F. Ouellette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibers", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1620-1622, 1994.
  12. P. Emplit, M. Haelterman, R. Kashyap and M. De Lathouwer, "Fiber Bragg grating for optical dark soliton generation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 1122-1124, 1997.
  13. H. Geiger, M. Ibsen and R. I. Laming, "Optimum receivers with fiber gratings", in Tech. Dig. OFC'98, San Jose, CA, p. 152.
  14. P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, "A 10 Gbit/s, 160 Gchip/s OCDMA system based on superstructured fiber gratings", in Tech. Dig. OFC'2000 , Baltimore, MD, postdeadline paper PD9.
  15. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson and M. N. Zervas, "Generation of a 40 GHz pulse stream by pulse multiplication using a sampled fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Lett. , vol. 25, pp. 521-523, 2000.
  16. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Optimized square passband fiber Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 800-802, 1998.
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. New York: Academic, 1995.
  18. M. Ibsen and R. I. Laming, "Fiber nonuniformity caused Bragg grating imperfections", in Tech. Dig. OFC '99, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21-26 1999,paper FA1.
  19. B. C. Thomsen, P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson and J. D. Harvey, "Characterization of a 10 GHz harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser using second harmonic generation frequency resolved optical gating", in Tech. Dig. CLEO '99, Baltimore, MD, May 23-28 1999,paper CTuJ5.
  20. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 842-844, 1998.
  21. A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie and D. Cotter, "Full 10× 10 Gbit/s OTDM data generation and demultiplexing using electroabsorption modulators", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1766-1767, 1998.

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1263-1276, 1997.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

H. Tsuda, H. Takenouchi, T. Ishii, K. Okamoto, T. Goh, K. Sato, A. Hirano, T. Kurokawa and C. Amano, "Spectral encoding and decoding of 10 Gbit/s femtosecond pulses using high resolution arrayed-waveguide grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1186-1188, 1999.

G. J. Pendock, M. J. L. Cahill and D. D. Sampson, "Multi-gigabit per second demonstration of photonic code-division multiplexing", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 819-820, 1995.

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas and M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 35, pp. 1105-1111, 1999.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian and F. Ouellette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibers", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1620-1622, 1994.

P. Emplit, M. Haelterman, R. Kashyap and M. De Lathouwer, "Fiber Bragg grating for optical dark soliton generation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 1122-1124, 1997.

H. Geiger, M. Ibsen and R. I. Laming, "Optimum receivers with fiber gratings", in Tech. Dig. OFC'98, San Jose, CA, p. 152.

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, "A 10 Gbit/s, 160 Gchip/s OCDMA system based on superstructured fiber gratings", in Tech. Dig. OFC'2000 , Baltimore, MD, postdeadline paper PD9.

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson and M. N. Zervas, "Generation of a 40 GHz pulse stream by pulse multiplication using a sampled fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Lett. , vol. 25, pp. 521-523, 2000.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Optimized square passband fiber Bragg grating filter with in-band flat group delay response", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 800-802, 1998.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. New York: Academic, 1995.

M. Ibsen and R. I. Laming, "Fiber nonuniformity caused Bragg grating imperfections", in Tech. Dig. OFC '99, San Diego, CA, Feb. 21-26 1999,paper FA1.

B. C. Thomsen, P. Petropoulos, H. L. Offerhaus, D. J. Richardson and J. D. Harvey, "Characterization of a 10 GHz harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser using second harmonic generation frequency resolved optical gating", in Tech. Dig. CLEO '99, Baltimore, MD, May 23-28 1999,paper CTuJ5.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 842-844, 1998.

A. D. Ellis, J. K. Lucek, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie and D. Cotter, "Full 10× 10 Gbit/s OTDM data generation and demultiplexing using electroabsorption modulators", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1766-1767, 1998.

A. M. Weiner and A. M. Kan'an, "Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing and time-to-space conversion of ulatrafast optical waveforms", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 4, pp. 317-331, 1998.

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage and E. M. Kirschner, "High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 5, pp. 1563-1572, 1988.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel and J. R. Wullert, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond pulses by use of a 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 28, pp. 908-920, 1992.

N. J. Halas, D. Krökel and D. Grischkowsky, "Ultrafast light-controlled optical-fiber modulator", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 50, pp. 886-888, 1987.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.