Abstract

We present a novel measurement setup that can be used for the complete characterization of fiber Bragg gratings and wavelength selective fiber-optic devices. Our setup is based on the phase-shift method (PSM), which we have modified to include the measurement of polarization-induced effects such as polarization-dependant loss (PDL) and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD). We measure the spectral response of devices used in transmission and in reflection, the wavelength dependency of the group delays due to chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion, and the wavelength dependency of the polarization-dependent loss. Experimental results are presented and sources of error are discussed. Comparisons with the Jones matrix eigenanalysis method for the measurement of PDL and differential group delay due to PMD have been carried out.

© 2001 IEEE

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References

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  1. "Chromatic Dispersion Measurement of Single-Mode Optical Fibers the Phase-Shift Method", TIA/EIA Standard FOTP-169, 1992.
  2. P. Hernday, "Dispersion measurements,"in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, Ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998, ch. 12, pp. 476-515.
  3. E. Simova, P. Berini and C. P. Grover, "Characterization of chromatic dispersion and polarization sensitivity in fiber gratings", IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., to be published.
  4. "Measurement of Polarization Dependent Loss (PDL) of Single-Mode Fiber-Optic Components", TIA/EIA Standard FOTP-157, May 1995.
  5. Bonino, M. Norgia, E. Riccardi and M. Schiano, "Measurement of polarization properties of chirped fiber gratings,"in CSELT Tech. Rep., Feb. 1998,vol. XXVI.
  6. P. A. Williams, A. J. Barlow, C. Mackenchnie and J. B. Schlader, "Narrowband measurement of polarization mode dispersion using the modulation phase shift technique", in Tech. Dig. Symp. Optical Fiber Measurements, 1998, pp. 22-26.
  7. B. L. Heffner, "Automated measurement of polarization mode dispersion using Jones matrix eigenanalysis", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 1066, 1992.
  8. "Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single-Mode Optical Fibers Jones Matrix Eigenanalysis", TIA/EIA Standard FOTP-122, Sept. 1996.
  9. B. Heffner, "Deterministic, analytically complete measurement of polarization dependent transmission through optical devices", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 451-453, 1992.
  10. B. N. Taylor and C. E. Kuyatt, "Guidelines for evaluating and expressing the uncertainty of NIST measurement results", NIST Tech. Note 1297, 1994.

Other

"Chromatic Dispersion Measurement of Single-Mode Optical Fibers the Phase-Shift Method", TIA/EIA Standard FOTP-169, 1992.

P. Hernday, "Dispersion measurements,"in Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, D. Derickson, Ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998, ch. 12, pp. 476-515.

E. Simova, P. Berini and C. P. Grover, "Characterization of chromatic dispersion and polarization sensitivity in fiber gratings", IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., to be published.

"Measurement of Polarization Dependent Loss (PDL) of Single-Mode Fiber-Optic Components", TIA/EIA Standard FOTP-157, May 1995.

Bonino, M. Norgia, E. Riccardi and M. Schiano, "Measurement of polarization properties of chirped fiber gratings,"in CSELT Tech. Rep., Feb. 1998,vol. XXVI.

P. A. Williams, A. J. Barlow, C. Mackenchnie and J. B. Schlader, "Narrowband measurement of polarization mode dispersion using the modulation phase shift technique", in Tech. Dig. Symp. Optical Fiber Measurements, 1998, pp. 22-26.

B. L. Heffner, "Automated measurement of polarization mode dispersion using Jones matrix eigenanalysis", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 9, p. 1066, 1992.

"Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single-Mode Optical Fibers Jones Matrix Eigenanalysis", TIA/EIA Standard FOTP-122, Sept. 1996.

B. Heffner, "Deterministic, analytically complete measurement of polarization dependent transmission through optical devices", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 451-453, 1992.

B. N. Taylor and C. E. Kuyatt, "Guidelines for evaluating and expressing the uncertainty of NIST measurement results", NIST Tech. Note 1297, 1994.

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