P. A. Besse, E. Gini, M. Bachmann and H. Melchior, "New 1× 2 multimode interference couplers with free selection of power splitting ratios", in Proc. ECOC'94, Firenze, Italy,Sept. 1994, pp. 669-672.
Q. Lai, M. Bachmann, W. Hunziker, P. A. Besse and H. Melchior, "Arbitrary ratio power splitters using angled silica on silicon multimode interference couplers", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 17, pp. 1576-1577, Aug. 1996.
G. A. Fish, L. A. Coldren and S. P. DenBaars, "Compact InGaAsP/InP 1× 2 optical switch based on carrier induced suppression of modal interference", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 1898-1900, Oct. 1997.
S. Nagai, G. Morishima, M. Yagi and K. Utaka, "InGaAsP/InP multimode inteterference photonic switches for monolithic photonic integrated circuits", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , vol. 38, no. 2B, pp. 1269-1272, Feb. 1999.
M. Yagi, S. Nagai, H. Inayoshi and K. Utaka, "Versatile multimode interfernece photonic switches with partial index-modulation regions", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 533-534, Mar. 2000.
R. M. Jenkins, R. W. J. Devereux and J. M. Heaton, "Waveguide beam splitters and recombiners based on multimode propagation phenomena", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, no. 14, pp. 991-993, July 1992.
J. M. Heaton and R. M. Jenkins, "General matrix theory of self-imaging in multimode interference (MMI) couplers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 212-214, Feb. 1999.
J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "Compact and fully packaged wavelength converter with integrated delay loop for 40 Gbit-s RZ Signals", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC'2000), Baltimore, MD, Mar. 2000,postdeadline paper 17.
M. Bachmann, P. A. Besse and H. Melchior, "Overlapping-image multimode interference couplers with reduced number of self-images for uniform and nonuniform power splitting", Appl. Opt., vol. 34, no. 30, pp. 6898-6910, Oct. 1995.
J. M. Heaton, R. M. Jenkins, D. R. Wight, J. T. Parker, J. C. H. Birbeck and K. P. Hilton, "Novel 1-to-N way integrated optical beam splitters using symmetric mode mixing in GaAs/AlGaAs multimode waveguides", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 61, pp. 1754-1756, Oct. 1992.
D. S. Levy, K. H. Park, R. Scarmozzino, R. M. Osgood, C. Dries, P. Studenkov and St. Forrest, "Fabrication of ultracompact 3-dB 2× 2 MMI power splitters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1009-1011, Aug. 1999.
H. Lü, B. Luo, W. Pan and J. Chen, "Tunable output power varying with the splitting ratio of a coupler from a fiber ring semiconductor laser", Appl. Opt., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1764-1766, Mar. 1999.
C. R. Doerr, C. H. Joyner and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated WDM dynamic power equalizer with potentially low insertion loss", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1443-1445, Oct. 1998.
J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Dük and H. Melchior, "All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, pp. 622-633, Apr. 1998.
J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with an integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration", in Proc. Optical Amplifier and Application Conf. (OAA'2000), Quebec, Canada,July 2000 .
G. Müller, L. Stoll, G. Schulte-Roth and U. Wolff, "Low current plasma effect optical switch on InP", Electron. Lett., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 115-116, 1990.
Y. Silberberg, P. Perlmutter and J. E. Baran, "Digital optical switch", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 51, no. 16, pp. 1230-1232, Oct. 1987.
O. Bryngdahl, "Image formation using self-imaging techniques", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 63, pp. 416-419, Apr. 1973 .