Abstract

We survey the properties of photonic crystal fibers with elliptical air holes, examining mode shapes, birefringence, group velocity walkoff and dispersion, and cutoff conditions. We find new types of behavior for each quantity and demonstrate the possibility of achieving large birefringence with zero walkoff in the single-mode regime. We show that the dispersive properties of the vector modes are closely tied to those of the so-called fundamental space filling modes, and that at long wavelengths, the fibers exhibit a single-polarization single-mode regime of propagation without the presence of material anisotropy.

[IEEE ]

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  1. T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick and P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: An efficient modal model", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1093-1102, 1999.
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Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

K. S. Chiang, "Stress-induced birefringence fibers designed for single-polarization single-mode operation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 436-441, 1989.

I. M. Skinner and J. D. Love, "Butterfly model of single-polarization fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 419-427, Mar. 1988.

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott and R. C. Mikkelson, "A broad-band single polarization optical fiber", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 817-820, July 1991.

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick and P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: An efficient modal model", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1093-1102, 1999.

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick and P. J. Bennett, "Modeling large air fraction holey optical fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, pp. 50-56, Jan. 2000.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner and H. J. Schultz, "Polarization dispersion and principal states in a 147-km undersea lightwave cable", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1190, 1988.

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