Abstract

We report the most detailed long-term measurement of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) made to date. We measured two separate fibers under the same time period, which makes it possible to compare the drift properties of two similar fibers in the same environment. The measured Jones matrices suffers from both random and systematic errors, a generic problem which we discuss in detail and solve. The results confirmed the well-known statistical properties of the PMD-vector. Furthermore, the drift averaged over wavelength is very well (96%) correlated between the two fibers. We finally quantified the temporal drift by computing the autocorrelation function of the PMD-vector analytically, both with respect to wavelength and to drift time. The analytical theory shows good agreement with the measurements.

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J. Lightwave Technol. (9)

T. Imai and T. Matsumoto, "Polarization fluctuations in single-mode optical fiber", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1366-1375, 1988.

G. Nicholson and D. J. Temple, "Polarization fluctuation measurements on installed single-mode optical fiber cables", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 1197-1200, 1989.

Y. Namihira and H. Wakabayashi, "Real-time measurements of polarization fluctuations in an optical fiber submarine cable in a deep-sea trial using electooptic linio3 device", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 1201-1206, 1989.

T. Imai, Y. Terasawa and Y. Ohtsuka, "Polarization fluctuations characteristics of a highly birefringent fiber system under forced vibration", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 720-727, 1988.

Y. Namihira, Y. HHoriuchi, S. Ryu, K. Mochizuki and H. Wakabayashi, "Dynamic polarization fluctuation characteristics of optical fiber submarine cables under various environmental conditions", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 728-738, 1988.

C. De Angelis, A. Galtarossa, G. Gianello, F. Matera and M. Schiano, "Time evolution of polarization mode dispersion in long terrestrial links", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 552-555, 1992.

M. Murakami, T. Takahashi, M. Aoyama, T. Imai, M. Amemiya, M. Sumida and M. Aiki, "System performanc evaluation of the fsa submarine optical amplifier system", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 2657-2671, 1996.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner and H. J. Schulte, "Polarization dispersion and principal states in a 147 km undersea lightwave cable", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1189, 1988.

G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization mode dispersion in single mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1439-1456, 1991.

Opt. Lett. (4)

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