Abstract

We describe two new techniques that utilize a polarimeter for studying the state of polarization of gated Rayleigh-backscattered or Fresnel-backreflected light along optical fibers in real time on the Poincar sphere. The first method, using Rayleigh-backscattered light, is here applied to measure the accumulation of polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) along an 11.5 km section of installed fiber link. With a simplified configuration, the second technique is developed and applied for measuring the PMD of individual fiber subsections in a 37 km long link. This is achieved by using the Fresnel-reflections which arise from the fiber connectors that join the link.

[IEEE ]

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  1. F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "Polarization mode dispersion characterization of single-mode optical fiber using backscattering technique", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1832-1843, Oct. 1998.
  2. B. Huttner, B. Gisin and N. Gisin, "Distributed PMD measurement with a polarization-OTDR in optical fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1843-1848, Oct. 1999.
  3. C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner and H. J. Schulte, "Polarization dispersion and principal states in a 147-km undersea lightwave cable", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1190, July 1988.
  4. M. O. van Deventer, "Polarization properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1895-1899, Dec. 1993.
  5. C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 917-929, June 1994.

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "Polarization mode dispersion characterization of single-mode optical fiber using backscattering technique", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1832-1843, Oct. 1998.

B. Huttner, B. Gisin and N. Gisin, "Distributed PMD measurement with a polarization-OTDR in optical fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 1843-1848, Oct. 1999.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner and H. J. Schulte, "Polarization dispersion and principal states in a 147-km undersea lightwave cable", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1190, July 1988.

M. O. van Deventer, "Polarization properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1895-1899, Dec. 1993.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 917-929, June 1994.

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