Abstract

In this paper, we develop an analytical method to deal with the timing performance in an optical clock extraction circuit based on stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS). Three kinds of SBS active filters are considered and their frequency-transfer functions are obtained under the assumption that pump depletion caused by SBS is negligible. When pump depletion is taken into account, an SBS active filter acts as a nonlinear filter. To investigate the timing performance at this situation, we introduce the concept of"dynamic frequency-transfer function"to describe its frequency-response property for a fixed-signal light and pump light. Using the obtained"frequency-transfer function,"we give analytical expressions for both root-mean-square (rms) phase jitter and rms amplitude jitter of the extracted optical clock,in which we have taken the impacts of SBS gain, pump light linewidth, optical pulse chirp, and pump detuning into account. Finally, a detailed numerical investigation on the timing performance for the three active filters is presented.

© 2000 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. L. Adams, E. Kintzer and J. Fujimoto, "All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, p. 1696, Sept. 1994.
  2. R. Ludwig, "10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a mode locked semiconductor laser in a 40 Gb/s, 100 km transmission experiment", in OFC'96, Mar. 1996, pp. 131-132.
  3. S. Kawanishi and M. Saruwatari, "Ultrahigh-speed PLL-type clock recovery circuit based on all-optical gain modulation in travelling-wave laser diode amplifier as a 50 GHz detector", Electron. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1714-1715, Sept. 1993.
  4. O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 1757-1767, Aug. 1996 .
  5. M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto and M. Koga, "All-optical timing extraction using an optical tank circuit", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 203-204, Feb. 1990.
  6. M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, "Optical tank circuit used for all-optical timing recovery", J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, pp. 895-900, Apr. 1992.
  7. H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, T. Katoka and K. Hagimoto, "All-optical timing clock extraction using multiple wavelength pumped Brillouin amplifier", IEICE Trans. Commun. , vol. E78-B, pp. 694-700, May 1995.
  8. D. L. Butler, J. S. Wey, M. W. Chbat, G. L. Burdge and J. Goldhar, "Optical clock recovery from a data stream of an arbitrary bit rate by use of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering", Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 560-562, June 1995.
  9. C. Johnson, K. Demarest, C. Allen, R. Hui, K. V. Peddanarappagari and B. Zhu, "Multiwavelength all-optical clock recovery", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 895 -897, July 1999.
  10. X. Zhou, L. Chao, H. H. M. Shalaby and P. Ye, "Performance analysis of an all-optical clock extraction circuit based on a Fabry-Perot resonator", J. Lightwave Technol., to be published.
  11. D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, C. G. Atkins and R. Wyatt, "Influen ce of nonlinear dispersion in coherent narrowband amplification by stimulated Brillouin scattering", Electron. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 671-672, Nov. 1986.
  12. R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyyy and R. M. Derosier, "Spontaneous Brillouin Scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization", Electron. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1011-1013, June 1986.
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, London: U.K.: Academic, 1995, pp. 370-399.
  14. F. T. Cchi and E. O. Schulz-Dubois, "Laser Handbook", vol. 2, North Holland, Amesterdam, The Netherlands, 1972. pp. 1077-1150.
  15. M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, "Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin Scattering in single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 585-590, Apr. 1994.
  16. M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, pp. 817-827, Apr. 1989 .
  17. D. A. Leep and D. A. Holm, "Spectral measurement of timing jitter in gain-switched semiconductor lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 60, pp. 2451-2453, Oct. 1992.
  18. A. Buckwald and K. W. Martin, Integrated Fiber-Optic Receiver, New York: Kluwer, 1995, pp. 27-103.

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 1757-1767, Aug. 1996 .

M. O. Van Deventer and A. J. Boot, "Polarization properties of stimulated Brillouin Scattering in single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 585-590, Apr. 1994.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (15)

C. Johnson, K. Demarest, C. Allen, R. Hui, K. V. Peddanarappagari and B. Zhu, "Multiwavelength all-optical clock recovery", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 895 -897, July 1999.

X. Zhou, L. Chao, H. H. M. Shalaby and P. Ye, "Performance analysis of an all-optical clock extraction circuit based on a Fabry-Perot resonator", J. Lightwave Technol., to be published.

D. Cotter, D. W. Smith, C. G. Atkins and R. Wyatt, "Influen ce of nonlinear dispersion in coherent narrowband amplification by stimulated Brillouin scattering", Electron. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 671-672, Nov. 1986.

R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyyy and R. M. Derosier, "Spontaneous Brillouin Scattering for single-mode optical-fiber characterization", Electron. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1011-1013, June 1986.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, London: U.K.: Academic, 1995, pp. 370-399.

F. T. Cchi and E. O. Schulz-Dubois, "Laser Handbook", vol. 2, North Holland, Amesterdam, The Netherlands, 1972. pp. 1077-1150.

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto and M. Koga, "All-optical timing extraction using an optical tank circuit", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 203-204, Feb. 1990.

M. Jinno and T. Matsumoto, "Optical tank circuit used for all-optical timing recovery", J. Quantum Electron., vol. 28, pp. 895-900, Apr. 1992.

H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, T. Katoka and K. Hagimoto, "All-optical timing clock extraction using multiple wavelength pumped Brillouin amplifier", IEICE Trans. Commun. , vol. E78-B, pp. 694-700, May 1995.

M. J. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom and K. J. Weingarten, "Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, pp. 817-827, Apr. 1989 .

D. A. Leep and D. A. Holm, "Spectral measurement of timing jitter in gain-switched semiconductor lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 60, pp. 2451-2453, Oct. 1992.

A. Buckwald and K. W. Martin, Integrated Fiber-Optic Receiver, New York: Kluwer, 1995, pp. 27-103.

L. Adams, E. Kintzer and J. Fujimoto, "All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, p. 1696, Sept. 1994.

R. Ludwig, "10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a mode locked semiconductor laser in a 40 Gb/s, 100 km transmission experiment", in OFC'96, Mar. 1996, pp. 131-132.

S. Kawanishi and M. Saruwatari, "Ultrahigh-speed PLL-type clock recovery circuit based on all-optical gain modulation in travelling-wave laser diode amplifier as a 50 GHz detector", Electron. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 1714-1715, Sept. 1993.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.