Abstract

Soliton's frequency shift arising from the pulse collision between wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) channels in an optical transmission line may be reduced by dispersion management technique. The reduction mechanism is due to a cancellation between the shifts in normal and anomalous dispersion fibers. With a proper management of the dispersion, the effect of lumped amplifiers on the frequency shift may also be canceled out. In this paper, we give a detailed analysis of the frequency shift in dispersion managed systems, and explain the reduction mechanism of the shift. We then propose optimal dispersion management schemes by means of minimizing the frequency shift. We also present a statistical analysis of the collision induced timing jitter for a two-channel WDM system.

[IEEE ]

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evangelides, and J. P. Gordon, "Wavelength division multiplexing with solitons in ultra-long distance transmission using lumped amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 362-367, 1991.
  2. A. Hasegawa, S. Kumar, and Y. Kodama, "Reduction of collision-induced time jitters in dispersion managed soliton transmission system," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 39-41, 1996.
  3. S. Wabnitz, "Stabilization of sliding-filtered soliton wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission by dispersion-compensating fiber," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 638-640, 1996.
  4. W. Forysiak, J. F. L. Devaney, N. J. Smith, and N. J. Doran, "Dispersion management for wavelength-division-multiplexed soliton transmission," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 600-602, 1997.
  5. Y. Kodama and A. Maruta, "Optimal design of dispersion management for a soliton-wavelength-division-multiplexed system," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1692-1694, 1997.
  6. J. F. L. Devaney, W. Forysiak, A. M. Niculae, and N. J. Doran, "Soliton collisions in dispersion managed wavelength-division-multiplexed system," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1695-1697, 1997.
  7. T. Hirooka and A. Hasegawa, "Chirped soliton interaction in strongly dispersion-managed wavelength-division-multiplexing systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 768-770, 1998.
  8. A. M. Niculae, W. Forysiak, A. J. Gloag, J. H. B. Nijhof, and N. J. Doran, "Soliton collisions with wavelength-division multiplexed systems with strong dispersion management," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1354-1356, 1998.
  9. H. Sugahara, A. Maruta, and Y. Kodama, "Optimal allocation of amplifier in a dispersion-managed line for a wavelength-division-multiplexed soliton transmission system," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 145-147, 1999.
  10. R. B. Jenkins, J. R. Sauer, S. Chakravarty, and M. J. Ablowitz, "Data-dependent timing jitter in WDM soliton systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 1964-1966, 1995.
  11. A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, "Guiding-center soliton in fibers with periodically varying dispersion," Opt. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 1385-1387, 1991.
  12. Y. Kodama, S. Kumar, and A. Maruta, "Chirped nonlinear pulse propagation in a dispersion managed system," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1689-1691, 1997.
  13. L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, "Measurement of timing jitter in filter-guided soliton transmission at 10 Gbit/s and achievement of 375 Gbit/s-Mm, error free, at 12.5 and 15 Gbit/s," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, pp. 704-706, 1994.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, S. G. Evangelides, and J. P. Gordon, "Wavelength division multiplexing with solitons in ultra-long distance transmission using lumped amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 362-367, 1991.

Opt. Lett. (12)

A. Hasegawa, S. Kumar, and Y. Kodama, "Reduction of collision-induced time jitters in dispersion managed soliton transmission system," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 39-41, 1996.

S. Wabnitz, "Stabilization of sliding-filtered soliton wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission by dispersion-compensating fiber," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 638-640, 1996.

W. Forysiak, J. F. L. Devaney, N. J. Smith, and N. J. Doran, "Dispersion management for wavelength-division-multiplexed soliton transmission," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 600-602, 1997.

Y. Kodama and A. Maruta, "Optimal design of dispersion management for a soliton-wavelength-division-multiplexed system," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1692-1694, 1997.

J. F. L. Devaney, W. Forysiak, A. M. Niculae, and N. J. Doran, "Soliton collisions in dispersion managed wavelength-division-multiplexed system," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1695-1697, 1997.

T. Hirooka and A. Hasegawa, "Chirped soliton interaction in strongly dispersion-managed wavelength-division-multiplexing systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 768-770, 1998.

A. M. Niculae, W. Forysiak, A. J. Gloag, J. H. B. Nijhof, and N. J. Doran, "Soliton collisions with wavelength-division multiplexed systems with strong dispersion management," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1354-1356, 1998.

H. Sugahara, A. Maruta, and Y. Kodama, "Optimal allocation of amplifier in a dispersion-managed line for a wavelength-division-multiplexed soliton transmission system," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 145-147, 1999.

R. B. Jenkins, J. R. Sauer, S. Chakravarty, and M. J. Ablowitz, "Data-dependent timing jitter in WDM soliton systems," Opt. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 1964-1966, 1995.

A. Hasegawa and Y. Kodama, "Guiding-center soliton in fibers with periodically varying dispersion," Opt. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 1385-1387, 1991.

Y. Kodama, S. Kumar, and A. Maruta, "Chirped nonlinear pulse propagation in a dispersion managed system," Opt. Lett., vol. 22, pp. 1689-1691, 1997.

L. F. Mollenauer, P. V. Mamyshev, and M. J. Neubelt, "Measurement of timing jitter in filter-guided soliton transmission at 10 Gbit/s and achievement of 375 Gbit/s-Mm, error free, at 12.5 and 15 Gbit/s," Opt. Lett., vol. 19, pp. 704-706, 1994.

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