Soliton's frequency shift arising from the pulse collision between wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) channels in an optical transmission line may be reduced by dispersion management technique. The reduction mechanism is due to a cancellation between the shifts in normal and anomalous dispersion fibers. With a proper management of the dispersion, the effect of lumped amplifiers on the frequency shift may also be canceled out. In this paper, we give a detailed analysis of the frequency shift in dispersion managed systems, and explain the reduction mechanism of the shift. We then propose optimal dispersion management schemes by means of minimizing the frequency shift. We also present a statistical analysis of the collision induced timing jitter for a two-channel WDM system.
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