This paper proposes a new concept of high density chip-to-chip optical interconnection based on wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), which can be realized as a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) device. The output signals from a preprocessing integrated circuit (IC) chip (N channels) are converted to optical signals of different wavelengths by using wavelength tunable laser diodes and projected onto an array of wavelength-selective photodiodes. Channel connection is made by wavelength matching between the light sources and detectors, by using micromechanical Fabry-Perot interferometers. In this scheme arbitrary 1 to 1 connection as well as 1 to N or N to 1 connection is available. Since the input/output connections are made in an optical manner, the switching state can be reconfigured and the whole switching system can be integrated in a compact space. We have investigated design principle of the micromechanical Fabry-Perot interferometers for tunable photodiodes to maximize the switching contrast and channel density in a given wavelength range. The preliminary interferometer arrays are implemented by silicon-based surface micromachining.
You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.
Contact your librarian or system administrator
Login to access OSA Member Subscription