Abstract

New structures for efficient coupling of light from an antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) to integrated photodiode are proposed and analyzed. Both end-fire and leaky-wave types of coupling have been considered and it is found that high-coupling efficiencies can be achieved by exploiting the intrinsic properties of the ARROW structure without requiring additional non-IC compatible materials. The coupling structures were simulated using a simple ray optics model as well as the beam propagation method (BPM). Fabrication process conditions and measurement results for various coupling structures are presented.

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Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

J. F. Vinchant, J. P. Vilcot, and D. Decoster, "Electron-hole pair generation rate of a monolithic integrated waveguide/photodetector: Application to the modeling of monolithic integrated waveguide/p-i-n photodiodes," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 1920-1931, 1990.

M. Erman, P. Jarry, R. Gamonal, J. L. Gentner, P. Stephan, and C. Guedon, "Monolithic integration of a GaInAs pin photodiode and an optical waveguide: Modeling and realization using chloride vapor phase epitaxy," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 399-411, 1988.

R. T. Deri, "Monolithic integration of optical waveguide circuitry with III-V photodetectors for advanced lightwave receivers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1296-1313, 1993.

W. Huang, R. M. Shubair, A. Nathan, and Y. L. Chow, "The modal characteristics of ARROW structures," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 1015-1022, 1992.

T. Baba, Y. Kokubun, T. Sakaki, and K. Iga, "Loss reduction of an ARROW waveguide in shorter wavelength and its stack configuration," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1440-1445, 1988.

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, S. T. Chu, and S. K. Chaudhuri, "The finite-difference vector beam propagation method: Analysis and assessment," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 295-305, 1992.

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