Abstract

We discuss how to minimize the pump power required for large-scale fiber sensor arrays employing erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) telemetry with respect to the number of amplifiers per bus, number of sensors per rung, and the gain per amplifier. For a large array, the pump power requirement is dominated by passive component losses along the array. We investigate several methods, including alternative array topologies, to reduce the power requirement while minimizing the impact on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). We define an optimum topology which requires less than 1 W of 1480 nm pump power per bus to support 200 high sensitivity (1 { \mu}rad/{{\sqrt{{{Hz}}}}}) sensors on a pair of fiber buses, a power requirement that is reasonable and attainable with available laser diodes.

[IEEE ]

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  4. W. Zheng, O. Hulten, R. and Rylander, "Erbium-doped fiber splicing and splice loss estimation," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 430-435, Mar. 1994.

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. L. Wagener, C. W. Hodgson, M. J. F. Digonnet, and H. J. Shaw, "Novel fiber sensor array using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1681-1688, Sept. 1997.

J. L. Brooks, B. Moslehi, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, "Time domain addressing of remote fiber optic interferometric sensor arrays," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 5, pp. 1014-1023, July 1987.

W. Zheng, O. Hulten, R. and Rylander, "Erbium-doped fiber splicing and splice loss estimation," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 430-435, Mar. 1994.

Opt. Lett. (1)

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