Abstract

This paper presents a completely new method able to characterize polarization mode dispersion (PMD) properties of random birefringent single-mode fibers, using polarization sensitive backscattering technique. We show analytical relationships between evolution of polarization state of backscattered signal with respect to state of polarization of forward one. Our technique allows to measure differential group delay, beat length, and correlation length at the same time over long single-mode fibers using only one fiber end. Experimental data fit very well with numerical results, confirming the capability of our technique for fast routine characterization of PMD during cabling, before and after installation.

[IEEE ]

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Appl. Opt.

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. O. Van Deventer, "Polarization properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1895-1899, 1993.

G. J. Foschini and C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization dispersion in single mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1439-1456, 1991.

M. O. Van Deventer, "Probability density functions of optical polarization state: Theory and applications," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 2147-2152, 1994.

C. D. Poole and T. E. Darcie, "Distortion related to polarization-mode-dispersion in analog lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1749-1759, 1993.

C. De Angelis, A. Galtarossa, G. Gianello, F. Matera, and M. Schiano, "Time evolution of polarization mode dispersion in long terrestrial links," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 552-555, 1992.

A. Galtarossa, G. Gianello, C. G. Someda, and M. Schiano, "In-field comparison among polarization-mode-dispersion measurement technique," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 42-49, 1996.

F. Curti, B. Daino, G. De Mar.is, and F. Matera, "Statistical treatment of the evolution of the principal states of polarization in single-mode fibers," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 1162-1166, 1990.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurement based on trasmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 12, pp. 917-929, 1994.

C. D. Poole, N. S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner, and H. J. Schule, "Polarization dispersion and principal state in a 147-km undersea lightwave cable," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1190, 1988.

Opt. Lett.

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