Abstract

We have demonstrated nonlinear propagation in a 3-cell hollow core photonic crystal fiber. The reduced core size increases the nonlinear coefficient of the guided mode. However, the reduction in the expected soliton energy is small (a factor of approximately 2) as the dispersion of this fiber is also increased by the smaller core. We also demonstrate soliton compression using a 35 m 7-cell tapered fiber, compressing picosecond input pulses by over an order of magnitude.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. D. G. Ouzounov, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
  2. F. Luan, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800 nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 835-840 (2004).
  3. A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, "Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion," Appl. Phys. Lett 23, 142-144 (1973).
  4. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).
  5. F. Gèrôme, P. Dupriez, J. Clowes, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, "High power tunable femtosecond soliton source using hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber, and its use for frequency doubling," Opt. Exp. 16, 2381-2386 (2008).
  6. J. Laegsgaard, P. J. Roberts, "Dispersive pulse compression in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 9628-9644 (2008).
  7. C. J. S. de Matos, "All-fiber format compression of frequency chirped pulses in air-guiding photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, (2004).
  8. M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, A. van Brakel, D. J. Richardson, "Robustly single mode hollow core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 4337-4346 (2008).
  9. R. Amezcua-Correa, "Control of surface modes in low loss hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1142-1149 (2008).
  10. R. Amezcua-Correa, N. G. Broderick, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, "Optimizing the usable bandwidth and loss through core design in realistic hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 7974-7985 (2006).
  11. J. Lægsgaard, A. N. Mortensen, A. Bjarklev, "Mode areas and field-energy distribution in honeycomb photonic bandgap fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 20, 2037-2045 (2003).
  12. D. G. Ouzounov, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6153-6159 (2005).
  13. E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multisoliton pulses," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).
  14. M. D. Pelusi, H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
  15. F. Gèrôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, "Delivery of sub-100 fs pulses through 8 m of hollow-core fiber using soliton compression," Opt. Exp. 15, 7126-7131 (2007).
  16. A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, "Soliton self-frequency shift, nonsolitonic radiation, self-induced transparency in air-core fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 4858-4865 (2008).
  17. M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, "Dynamic spatial replenishment of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Opt. Lett. 23, 382-384 (1998).
  18. E. T. J. Nibbering, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, ${\rm N}_{2}$, and ${\rm O}_{2}$ by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 650-660 (1997).
  19. V. P. Yanovsky, F. W. Wise, "Nonlinear propagation of high-power, sub-100 fs pulses near the zero-dispersion wavelength of an optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 19, 1547-1549 (1994).
  20. J. P. Gordon, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 662-664 (1986).
  21. F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollemauner, "Discovery of the soliton self frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 659-661 (1986).
  22. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, "High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 5, 1563-1572 (1988).
  23. D. T. Reid, M. Padgett, C. McGowan, W. E. Sleat, W. Sibbett, "Light-emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 22, 233-234 (1997).
  24. J. C. Travers, "Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 13203-13211 (2007).

2008 (5)

F. Gèrôme, P. Dupriez, J. Clowes, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, "High power tunable femtosecond soliton source using hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber, and its use for frequency doubling," Opt. Exp. 16, 2381-2386 (2008).

J. Laegsgaard, P. J. Roberts, "Dispersive pulse compression in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 9628-9644 (2008).

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, A. van Brakel, D. J. Richardson, "Robustly single mode hollow core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 4337-4346 (2008).

R. Amezcua-Correa, "Control of surface modes in low loss hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1142-1149 (2008).

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, "Soliton self-frequency shift, nonsolitonic radiation, self-induced transparency in air-core fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 4858-4865 (2008).

2007 (2)

F. Gèrôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, "Delivery of sub-100 fs pulses through 8 m of hollow-core fiber using soliton compression," Opt. Exp. 15, 7126-7131 (2007).

J. C. Travers, "Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 13203-13211 (2007).

2006 (1)

R. Amezcua-Correa, N. G. Broderick, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, "Optimizing the usable bandwidth and loss through core design in realistic hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 7974-7985 (2006).

2005 (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6153-6159 (2005).

2004 (2)

C. J. S. de Matos, "All-fiber format compression of frequency chirped pulses in air-guiding photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, (2004).

F. Luan, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800 nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 835-840 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. Lægsgaard, A. N. Mortensen, A. Bjarklev, "Mode areas and field-energy distribution in honeycomb photonic bandgap fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 20, 2037-2045 (2003).

D. G. Ouzounov, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).

1998 (1)

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, "Dynamic spatial replenishment of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Opt. Lett. 23, 382-384 (1998).

1997 (3)

E. T. J. Nibbering, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, ${\rm N}_{2}$, and ${\rm O}_{2}$ by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 650-660 (1997).

M. D. Pelusi, H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1430-1439 (1997).

D. T. Reid, M. Padgett, C. McGowan, W. E. Sleat, W. Sibbett, "Light-emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 22, 233-234 (1997).

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, "High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 5, 1563-1572 (1988).

1986 (3)

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multisoliton pulses," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).

F. M. Mitschke, L. F. Mollemauner, "Discovery of the soliton self frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 659-661 (1986).

J. P. Gordon, "Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift," Opt. Lett. 11, 662-664 (1986).

1973 (1)

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, "Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion," Appl. Phys. Lett 23, 142-144 (1973).

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

A. Hasegawa, F. Tappert, "Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion," Appl. Phys. Lett 23, 142-144 (1973).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

M. D. Pelusi, H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1430-1439 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

J. Lægsgaard, A. N. Mortensen, A. Bjarklev, "Mode areas and field-energy distribution in honeycomb photonic bandgap fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 20, 2037-2045 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

E. T. J. Nibbering, "Determination of the inertial contribution to the nonlinear refractive index of air, ${\rm N}_{2}$, and ${\rm O}_{2}$ by use of unfocused high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 14, 650-660 (1997).

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, E. M. Kirschner, "High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 5, 1563-1572 (1988).

Opt. Exp. (4)

F. Gèrôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, "Delivery of sub-100 fs pulses through 8 m of hollow-core fiber using soliton compression," Opt. Exp. 15, 7126-7131 (2007).

J. C. Travers, "Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 15, 13203-13211 (2007).

R. Amezcua-Correa, "Control of surface modes in low loss hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 1142-1149 (2008).

J. Laegsgaard, P. J. Roberts, "Dispersive pulse compression in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 9628-9644 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (2)

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, J. V. Moloney, "Dynamic spatial replenishment of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Opt. Lett. 23, 382-384 (1998).

D. T. Reid, M. Padgett, C. McGowan, W. E. Sleat, W. Sibbett, "Light-emitting diodes as measurement devices for femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 22, 233-234 (1997).

Opt. Exp. (6)

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, "Soliton self-frequency shift, nonsolitonic radiation, self-induced transparency in air-core fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 4858-4865 (2008).

F. Gèrôme, P. Dupriez, J. Clowes, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, "High power tunable femtosecond soliton source using hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber, and its use for frequency doubling," Opt. Exp. 16, 2381-2386 (2008).

M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, A. van Brakel, D. J. Richardson, "Robustly single mode hollow core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 16, 4337-4346 (2008).

F. Luan, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800 nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 12, 835-840 (2004).

R. Amezcua-Correa, N. G. Broderick, M. N. Petrovich, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, "Optimizing the usable bandwidth and loss through core design in realistic hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 7974-7985 (2006).

D. G. Ouzounov, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6153-6159 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. J. S. de Matos, "All-fiber format compression of frequency chirped pulses in air-guiding photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, (2004).

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multisoliton pulses," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

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