Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network architecture that fully utilizes the superior optical properties of an incoherent continuous-wave (CW) supercontinuum (SC) source. The proposed architecture, which incorporates low-cost Fabry–Pérot laser diodes that have been wavelength locked by spectrum-sliced beams from a depolarized 130-nm-bandwidth CW SC source, is based on a unique wavelength band allocation scheme of the C-band for an optical line terminal (OLT), the L-band for optical network units (ONUs), and the U-band for channel monitoring. A cost-effective network that features a single broadband source at the OLT, and no additional wavelength-band-selective monitoring beam reflector at each ONU can be readily achieved. The experimental demonstration presented in this paper is carried out at a data rate of 622 Mb/s over a 25-km standard single-mode fiber.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. S. J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, K. H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).
  2. C.-J. Chae, H. Park, J.-H. Eom, "An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1133-1135 (2001).
  3. H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart, J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 134-141 (2001).
  4. M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S8-15 (2004).
  5. A. Cauvin, J. Brannan, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).
  6. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
  7. M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a local access router network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).
  8. F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, "WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) CannesFrance (2006) Paper Tu4.5.1.
  9. C.-H. Lee, S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-T. Jeong, J. H. Kim, B. Kim, "WDM-PON experiences in Korea," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 451-464 (2007).
  10. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Pérot semiconductor laser ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  11. D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
  12. H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2006).
  13. P. Healey, P. Towansend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  14. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
  15. J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Distributed Raman amplification based bidirectional WDM-PON using spectrum sliced ASE upstream source pumped by residual Raman pump," Opt. Express 14, 9036-9041 (2006).
  16. W.-S. Tsai, H.-H. Lu, S.-J. Tzeng, S.-H. Chen, T.-S. Chien, "A bidirectional hybrid DWDM-PON employing optical injection locking technique and data comparators ," Opt. Commun. 263, 201-206 (2006).
  17. J. M. Senior, Optical Fiber Communications: Principles and Practice (Prentice-Hall, 1992) pp. 515-524.
  18. D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).
  19. P. D. Kilkelly, P. J. Chidgey, G. Hill, "Experimental demonstration of a three channel WDM system over 110 km using superluminescent diodes ," Electron. Lett. 26, 1671-1673 (1990).
  20. D. D. Sampson, W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).
  21. S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
  22. K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, W. V. Sorin, "Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523-525 (2006).
  23. J. H. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Experimental study on seed light source coherence dependence of continuous-wave supercontinuum performance," Opt. Express 14, 3443-3452 (2006).
  24. J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Broadband, high power, erbium fibre ASE-based CW supercontinuum source for spectrum-sliced WDM PON applications," Electron. Lett. 42, 67-68 (2006).
  25. J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "WDM PON upstream transmission at 1.25 Gb/s using Fabry–Pérot laser diodes injected with spectrum-sliced, depolarized, CW supercontinuum source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (2006).
  26. S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON," Electron. Lett. 42, 239-240 (2006).

2007 (1)

2006 (10)

J. H. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Experimental study on seed light source coherence dependence of continuous-wave supercontinuum performance," Opt. Express 14, 3443-3452 (2006).

J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Distributed Raman amplification based bidirectional WDM-PON using spectrum sliced ASE upstream source pumped by residual Raman pump," Opt. Express 14, 9036-9041 (2006).

A. Cauvin, J. Brannan, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2006).

W.-S. Tsai, H.-H. Lu, S.-J. Tzeng, S.-H. Chen, T.-S. Chien, "A bidirectional hybrid DWDM-PON employing optical injection locking technique and data comparators ," Opt. Commun. 263, 201-206 (2006).

D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, W. V. Sorin, "Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523-525 (2006).

J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Broadband, high power, erbium fibre ASE-based CW supercontinuum source for spectrum-sliced WDM PON applications," Electron. Lett. 42, 67-68 (2006).

J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "WDM PON upstream transmission at 1.25 Gb/s using Fabry–Pérot laser diodes injected with spectrum-sliced, depolarized, CW supercontinuum source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (2006).

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON," Electron. Lett. 42, 239-240 (2006).

2005 (2)

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S8-15 (2004).

S. J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, K. H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

2001 (3)

C.-J. Chae, H. Park, J.-H. Eom, "An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1133-1135 (2001).

H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart, J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 134-141 (2001).

P. Healey, P. Towansend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Pérot semiconductor laser ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1998 (1)

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).

1995 (1)

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a local access router network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).

1994 (2)

D. D. Sampson, W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).

1990 (1)

P. D. Kilkelly, P. J. Chidgey, G. Hill, "Experimental demonstration of a three channel WDM system over 110 km using superluminescent diodes ," Electron. Lett. 26, 1671-1673 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (5)

P. Healey, P. Towansend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

P. D. Kilkelly, P. J. Chidgey, G. Hill, "Experimental demonstration of a three channel WDM system over 110 km using superluminescent diodes ," Electron. Lett. 26, 1671-1673 (1990).

D. D. Sampson, W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).

J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "Broadband, high power, erbium fibre ASE-based CW supercontinuum source for spectrum-sliced WDM PON applications," Electron. Lett. 42, 67-68 (2006).

S.-B. Park, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, D. J. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "Optical fault monitoring method using broadband light source in WDM-PON," Electron. Lett. 42, 239-240 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart, J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 134-141 (2001).

M. P. McGarry, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, "Ethernet PONs: A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) algorithms," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S8-15 (2004).

A. Cauvin, J. Brannan, K. Saito, "Common technical specification of the G-PON system among major worldwide access carriers ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 34-40 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Pérot semiconductor laser ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).

J. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, "WDM PON upstream transmission at 1.25 Gb/s using Fabry–Pérot laser diodes injected with spectrum-sliced, depolarized, CW supercontinuum source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2108-2110 (2006).

C.-J. Chae, H. Park, J.-H. Eom, "An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1133-1135 (2001).

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, W. V. Sorin, "Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 523-525 (2006).

M. Zirngibl, C. H. Joyner, L. W. Stulz, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, I. P. Kaminov, "LARNet, a local access router network," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 215-217 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

S. J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, K. H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2006).

D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

W.-S. Tsai, H.-H. Lu, S.-J. Tzeng, S.-H. Chen, T.-S. Chien, "A bidirectional hybrid DWDM-PON employing optical injection locking technique and data comparators ," Opt. Commun. 263, 201-206 (2006).

Opt. Express (2)

Other (2)

J. M. Senior, Optical Fiber Communications: Principles and Practice (Prentice-Hall, 1992) pp. 515-524.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, "WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) CannesFrance (2006) Paper Tu4.5.1.

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