Abstract

A plastic optical fiber (POF) having a W-shaped refractive index profile (W-shaped POF) was prepared for the first time that had a possibility to realize a higher bit rate transmission than those of the conventional silica-based multimode fiber and graded index (GI) POF links. Since the W-shaped POF has a valley of the refractive index at the boundary of the core and cladding of the conventional graded-index (GI) POF, the group delay of higher order modes is strongly influenced, and the modal dispersion in the GI POF is compensated. By comparing the propagating mode properties of the W-shaped POF with those of the GI POF, we clarified theoretically and experimentally that the index valley has a remarkable modal dispersion compensation effect.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. T. Ishigure, E. Nihei and Y. Koike, "Graded-index polymer optical fiber for high speed data communication", Appl. Opt., vol. 33, pp. 4261 -4266, Jul. 1994.
  2. Y. Koike, T. Ishigure and E. Nihei, "High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, pp. 1475-1489, Jul. 1995 .
  3. K. Okamoto and T. Okoshi, "Computer-aided synthesis of the optimum refractive-index profile for a multimode fiber", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 25, pp. 213-221, 1977.
  4. K. Oyamada and T. Okoshi, "High-accuracy numerical data on propagation characteristics of a-power graded-core fibers", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 28, pp. 1113-1118, 1980.
  5. P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, Y. Kwark, P. Pleunis and G. Kuyt, "15.6-Gb/s transmission over 1 km of next generation multimode fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 717-719, May 2002.
  6. P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen and P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50-µ m multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1256-1275, May 2003.
  7. J. B. Schlager, M. J. Hackert, P. Pepeljugoski and J. Gwinn, "Measurements for enhanced bandwidth performance over 62.5-µ m multimode fiber in short-wavelength local area networks", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1276-1285, May 2003.
  8. P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar and P. A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1242-1255, May 2003.
  9. T. Ishigure, Y. Koike and J. W. Fleming, "Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, pp. 178-184, Feb. 2000.
  10. T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei and Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth, high-numerical aperture graded-index polymer optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, pp. 1686-1691, Aug. 1995.
  11. T. Ishigure, M. Sato, O. Takanashi, E. Nihei, T. Nyu, S. Yamazaki and Y. Koike, "Formation of the refractive index profile in the graded index polymer optical fiber for gigabit data transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, pp. 2095-2100, Nov. 1997.
  12. T. Ishigure, S. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi and Y. Koike, "Accurate refractive index profiling in a graded-index plastic optical fiber exceeding gigabit transmission rates", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 1449-1556, Aug. 2002.
  13. T. Okoshi, Optical Fibers, New York, NY: Academic Press, Inc., 1982.
  14. D. G. Cunningham, W. G. Lane and B. Lane, Gigabit Ethernet Networking, Indianapolis, IN: Macmillan, 1999.
  15. T. Ishigure, M. Kano and Y. Koike, "Which is a more serious factor to the bandwidth of GI POF: Differential mode attenuation or mode coupling?", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, pp. 959-965, July 2000.
  16. T. Ishigure, K. Makino, S. Tanaka and Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber enabling power penalty-free gigabit data transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 2923-2930, Nov. 2003.
  17. T. Ishigure, E. Nihei and Y. Koike, "Optimum refractive index profile of the graded-index polymer optical fiber, toward gigabit data links", Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 2048-2053, 1996.
  18. S. E. Golowich, W. White, W. A. Reed and E. Knudsen, "Quantitative estimates of mode coupling and differential modal attenuation in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 111-121, Jan. 2003 .
  19. "Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multimode Fiber in the Time Domain", TIA-455-220-A. 2003.
  20. W. R. White, M. Dueser, W. A. Reed and T. Onishi, "Intermodal dispersion and mode coupling in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 997-999, 1999.
  21. D. Marcuse, Principles of Optical Fiber Measurements, New York, NY: Academic Press, 1981.
  22. A. R. Mickelson and M. Eriksrud, "Mode-dependent attenuation in optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 73, pp. 1282-1290, Oct. 1983 .
  23. T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, S. Oikawa and S. Nara, "Low-loss plastic optical fibers", Appl. Opt. , vol. 20, pp. 2886-2888, 1981.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Other (22)

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure and E. Nihei, "High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, pp. 1475-1489, Jul. 1995 .

K. Okamoto and T. Okoshi, "Computer-aided synthesis of the optimum refractive-index profile for a multimode fiber", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 25, pp. 213-221, 1977.

K. Oyamada and T. Okoshi, "High-accuracy numerical data on propagation characteristics of a-power graded-core fibers", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 28, pp. 1113-1118, 1980.

P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, Y. Kwark, P. Pleunis and G. Kuyt, "15.6-Gb/s transmission over 1 km of next generation multimode fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 717-719, May 2002.

P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen and P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50-µ m multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1256-1275, May 2003.

J. B. Schlager, M. J. Hackert, P. Pepeljugoski and J. Gwinn, "Measurements for enhanced bandwidth performance over 62.5-µ m multimode fiber in short-wavelength local area networks", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1276-1285, May 2003.

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar and P. A. Risteski, "Modeling and simulation of next-generation multimode fiber links", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1242-1255, May 2003.

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike and J. W. Fleming, "Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, pp. 178-184, Feb. 2000.

T. Ishigure, A. Horibe, E. Nihei and Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth, high-numerical aperture graded-index polymer optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, pp. 1686-1691, Aug. 1995.

T. Ishigure, M. Sato, O. Takanashi, E. Nihei, T. Nyu, S. Yamazaki and Y. Koike, "Formation of the refractive index profile in the graded index polymer optical fiber for gigabit data transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, pp. 2095-2100, Nov. 1997.

T. Ishigure, S. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi and Y. Koike, "Accurate refractive index profiling in a graded-index plastic optical fiber exceeding gigabit transmission rates", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 1449-1556, Aug. 2002.

T. Okoshi, Optical Fibers, New York, NY: Academic Press, Inc., 1982.

D. G. Cunningham, W. G. Lane and B. Lane, Gigabit Ethernet Networking, Indianapolis, IN: Macmillan, 1999.

T. Ishigure, M. Kano and Y. Koike, "Which is a more serious factor to the bandwidth of GI POF: Differential mode attenuation or mode coupling?", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, pp. 959-965, July 2000.

T. Ishigure, K. Makino, S. Tanaka and Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber enabling power penalty-free gigabit data transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 2923-2930, Nov. 2003.

T. Ishigure, E. Nihei and Y. Koike, "Optimum refractive index profile of the graded-index polymer optical fiber, toward gigabit data links", Appl. Opt., vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 2048-2053, 1996.

S. E. Golowich, W. White, W. A. Reed and E. Knudsen, "Quantitative estimates of mode coupling and differential modal attenuation in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, pp. 111-121, Jan. 2003 .

"Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multimode Fiber in the Time Domain", TIA-455-220-A. 2003.

W. R. White, M. Dueser, W. A. Reed and T. Onishi, "Intermodal dispersion and mode coupling in perfluorinated graded-index plastic optical fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 997-999, 1999.

D. Marcuse, Principles of Optical Fiber Measurements, New York, NY: Academic Press, 1981.

A. R. Mickelson and M. Eriksrud, "Mode-dependent attenuation in optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 73, pp. 1282-1290, Oct. 1983 .

T. Kaino, M. Fujiki, S. Oikawa and S. Nara, "Low-loss plastic optical fibers", Appl. Opt. , vol. 20, pp. 2886-2888, 1981.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.