Abstract

We demonstrate error-free dense-wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) transmission of 40 40-Gb/s channels with 100-GHz spacing over 10 000 km dispersion-managed fiber using carrier-suppressed return-to-zero differential-phase-shift keying (CSRZ-DPSK), enhanced foward-error correction, and all-Raman-amplified spans with 100-km terrestrial length.

© 2004 IEEE

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  1. B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. LingleJr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri and S. Namiki, "6.4-Tb/s (160 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32 × 100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD19-1- PD19-3.
  2. T. Tsuritani, K. Ishida, A. Agata, K. Shimomura, I. Morita, T. Tokura, H. Taga, T. Mizuochi and N. Edagawa, "70 GHz-spaced 40 × 42.7 Gbit/s transmission over 8700 km using CS-RZ DPSK signal, all-Raman repeaters and symmetrically dispersion-managed fiber span", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD23-1 -PD23-3.
  3. G. Charlet, S. Lanne, L. Pierre, C. Simonneau, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, M. Gorlier, J.-C. Antona, M. Molina, P. Sillard, J. Godin, W. Idler and S. Bigo, "Cost-optimized 6.3 Tbit/s-capacity terrestrial link over 17 × 100 km using phase-shaped binary transmission in a conventional all-EDFA SMF-based system", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD25-1-PD25-3.
  4. B. Zhu, L. Nelson, L. Leng, S. Stulz, M. Pedersen and D. Peckham, "Transmission of 1.6 Tb/s (40 × 42.7 Gb/s) over transoceanic distance with terrestrial 100-km amplifier spans", in Proc. OFC Conf., vol. 2, 2003, pp. 742-743.
  5. G. Charlet, J.-C. Antona, S. Lanne, P. Tran, W. Idler, M. Gorlier, S. Borne, A. Klekamp, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, Y. Frignac, M. Molina, F. Beaumont, J.-P. Hamaide and S. Bigo, "6.4 Tb/s (159 × 42.7 Gb/s) capacity over 21 × 100 km using bandwidth-limited phase-shaped binary transmission", presented at the ECOC, 2002.
  6. B. Zhu, L. Leng, A. H. Gnauck, M. O. Pedersen, D. Peckham, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, S. Kado, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. L. Lingle, S. Knudsen, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Baynham, P. Gaarde, Y. Emori and S. Namiki, "Transmission of 3.2 Tb/s (80 × 42.7 Gb/s) over 5200 km of UltraWave fiber with 100-km dispersion managed spans using RZ-DPSK format", presented at the ECOC, 2002.
  7. D. F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, A. P. Küng, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, T. H. Wood, C. R. Lima, B. Faer, J. Black and C. Hwu, "5.12 Tb/s (128 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bi/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1280 km of standard single-mode fiber using all-Raman amplification and strong signal filtering", presented at the ECOC, 2002.
  8. C. Rasmussen, S. Dey, F. Liu, J. Bennike, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, M. Kimmitt, K. Springer, D. Gapontsev and V. Ivshin, "Transmission of 40 × 42.7 Gbit/s over 5200 km ultraWave fiber with terrestrial 100 km spans using turn-key ETDM transmitter and receiver", presented at the ECOC, 2002.
  9. J. C. Rasmussen, H. Ooi, T. Takahara, K. Nakamura, A. Isomura, T. Fukushi, T. Iwabuchi, Y. Akiyama, R. Hainberger, T. Terahara and G. Ishikawa, "Demonstration of automatic, simultaneous compensation of PMD and chromatic dispersion in a 44 × 43 Gbit/s transmission over 6 × 100 km high-PMD SMF", presented at the ECOC, 2002.
  10. J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, A. N. Pilipetskii, H. Li, M. A. Mills, R.-M. Mu, U. Feiste, L. Xu, A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa and N. S.Neal S. Bergano, "Transmission of thirty-eight 40 Gb/s channels (> 1.5 Tb/s) over transoceanic distance", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2002, pp. FC4-1-FC4-3.
  11. A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei and D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2002, pp. FC2-1-FC2-3.
  12. Y. Zhu, I. Hardcastle, W. S. Lee, C. R. S. Fludger, A. Hadjifotiou, C. Li, D. Qiao, H. Sun, K. T. Wu and J. McNicol, "Experimental comparison of dispersion-managed fiber types in a 16-channel 40 Gb/s 500 km (6 × 84.5 km) Raman-assisted transmission link", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2002, pp. 557-558.
  13. C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S.Supriyo Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin and P. Reeves-Hall, "DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10, 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km ultrawave fiber spans", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD18-1-PD18-3.
  14. W. Kaiser, T. Wuth, M. Wichers and W. Rosenkranz, "Reduced complexity optical duobinary 10-Gb/s transmitter setup resulting in an increased transmission distance", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 884-886, Dec. 2001 .
  15. A. Judy, "Dispersion managed spans in terrestrial routes: technical advantages and practical considerations", in Proc. OFC Conf., vol. 1, 2003, pp. 287-288.
  16. R. I. Killey, H. J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1624-1626, Dec. 2000.
  17. P. A. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1576-1582, Nov. 1991.

J. Lightwave Technol.

P. A. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1576-1582, Nov. 1991.

Other

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Grüner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. LingleJr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri and S. Namiki, "6.4-Tb/s (160 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32 × 100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD19-1- PD19-3.

T. Tsuritani, K. Ishida, A. Agata, K. Shimomura, I. Morita, T. Tokura, H. Taga, T. Mizuochi and N. Edagawa, "70 GHz-spaced 40 × 42.7 Gbit/s transmission over 8700 km using CS-RZ DPSK signal, all-Raman repeaters and symmetrically dispersion-managed fiber span", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD23-1 -PD23-3.

G. Charlet, S. Lanne, L. Pierre, C. Simonneau, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, M. Gorlier, J.-C. Antona, M. Molina, P. Sillard, J. Godin, W. Idler and S. Bigo, "Cost-optimized 6.3 Tbit/s-capacity terrestrial link over 17 × 100 km using phase-shaped binary transmission in a conventional all-EDFA SMF-based system", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD25-1-PD25-3.

B. Zhu, L. Nelson, L. Leng, S. Stulz, M. Pedersen and D. Peckham, "Transmission of 1.6 Tb/s (40 × 42.7 Gb/s) over transoceanic distance with terrestrial 100-km amplifier spans", in Proc. OFC Conf., vol. 2, 2003, pp. 742-743.

G. Charlet, J.-C. Antona, S. Lanne, P. Tran, W. Idler, M. Gorlier, S. Borne, A. Klekamp, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, Y. Frignac, M. Molina, F. Beaumont, J.-P. Hamaide and S. Bigo, "6.4 Tb/s (159 × 42.7 Gb/s) capacity over 21 × 100 km using bandwidth-limited phase-shaped binary transmission", presented at the ECOC, 2002.

B. Zhu, L. Leng, A. H. Gnauck, M. O. Pedersen, D. Peckham, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, S. Kado, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. L. Lingle, S. Knudsen, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Baynham, P. Gaarde, Y. Emori and S. Namiki, "Transmission of 3.2 Tb/s (80 × 42.7 Gb/s) over 5200 km of UltraWave fiber with 100-km dispersion managed spans using RZ-DPSK format", presented at the ECOC, 2002.

D. F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, A. P. Küng, D. N. Maywar, A. Gurevich, T. H. Wood, C. R. Lima, B. Faer, J. Black and C. Hwu, "5.12 Tb/s (128 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bi/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1280 km of standard single-mode fiber using all-Raman amplification and strong signal filtering", presented at the ECOC, 2002.

C. Rasmussen, S. Dey, F. Liu, J. Bennike, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, M. Kimmitt, K. Springer, D. Gapontsev and V. Ivshin, "Transmission of 40 × 42.7 Gbit/s over 5200 km ultraWave fiber with terrestrial 100 km spans using turn-key ETDM transmitter and receiver", presented at the ECOC, 2002.

J. C. Rasmussen, H. Ooi, T. Takahara, K. Nakamura, A. Isomura, T. Fukushi, T. Iwabuchi, Y. Akiyama, R. Hainberger, T. Terahara and G. Ishikawa, "Demonstration of automatic, simultaneous compensation of PMD and chromatic dispersion in a 44 × 43 Gbit/s transmission over 6 × 100 km high-PMD SMF", presented at the ECOC, 2002.

J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, A. N. Pilipetskii, H. Li, M. A. Mills, R.-M. Mu, U. Feiste, L. Xu, A. J. Lucero, D. G. Foursa and N. S.Neal S. Bergano, "Transmission of thirty-eight 40 Gb/s channels (> 1.5 Tb/s) over transoceanic distance", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2002, pp. FC4-1-FC4-3.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei and D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2002, pp. FC2-1-FC2-3.

Y. Zhu, I. Hardcastle, W. S. Lee, C. R. S. Fludger, A. Hadjifotiou, C. Li, D. Qiao, H. Sun, K. T. Wu and J. McNicol, "Experimental comparison of dispersion-managed fiber types in a 16-channel 40 Gb/s 500 km (6 × 84.5 km) Raman-assisted transmission link", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2002, pp. 557-558.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S.Supriyo Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin and P. Reeves-Hall, "DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10, 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km ultrawave fiber spans", in Proc. OFC Conf., 2003, pp. PD18-1-PD18-3.

W. Kaiser, T. Wuth, M. Wichers and W. Rosenkranz, "Reduced complexity optical duobinary 10-Gb/s transmitter setup resulting in an increased transmission distance", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 884-886, Dec. 2001 .

A. Judy, "Dispersion managed spans in terrestrial routes: technical advantages and practical considerations", in Proc. OFC Conf., vol. 1, 2003, pp. 287-288.

R. I. Killey, H. J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1624-1626, Dec. 2000.

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