Abstract

We propose an experimental setup to measure the refractive index (RI) of two independent liquid samples by analyzing a single optical signal. We spliced a section of a seven-core fiber (SCF) into each arm of a 1 × 2 fiber coupler and spliced additional single mode fiber (SMF) to use as fiber probe tips. As the spatial frequency of the characteristic sinusoidal response of an SCF is a function of the fiber length, we used two different lengths (3 and 10 cm) in our realization. A superluminescent diode (SLD) is used as the light source, and the reflected light by both fiber tips is acquired through an optical circulator. An optical spectrum analyzer (OSA) is used to analyze the spectral response of the combined signals from both fiber tips. We characterized this sensing system by immersing the fiber tips in liquid samples with a RI between 1.3175 and 1.4040. We show that the two independent RI measurements can be retrieved by performing a Fourier transform on the recorded optical spectrum. In particular, we demonstrate that with adequate calibration, the Fresnel coefficients can be calculated independently. The presented approach represents a straightforward and cost-effective fiber implementation for multipoint sensing.

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