Abstract

In a high-speed coherent optical transmission system, typically the signals obtained at the receiver front-end are digitized using very high-speed ADCs and then processed in the digital domain to remove optical channel impairments. In this work, we show that these signals can instead be processed in the analog domain, which can significantly reduce the power consumption and the complexity of the receiver. The first all-analog adaptive equalizer for receivers of coherent dual-polarization optical links has been presented with its detailed architecture and measurement results. The proof-of-concept equalizer uses the constant modulus algorithm for blind adaptation of its weight coefficients to implement a 4 × 4 2-tap FIR filter in 130 nm SiGe BiCMOS technology. Its functionality is evaluated experimentally for 40 Gb/s data rate and 10 km standard single mode fiber channel. This demonstration shows that the use of all-analog processing for short reach data-center interconnects is feasible and is a much simpler solution than the use of the high-speed ADC+DSP based approach. Moreover, when implemented in advanced CMOS or FinFET technologies, the power consumption of the equalizer is expected to be significantly lower than the DSP based implementations in similar process technologies.

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