Abstract

Disordered optical fibers show novel waveguiding properties, enabled by the transverse Anderson localization of light, and are used for image transport. The strong transverse scattering from the transversely disordered refractive index structure results in transversely confined modes that can freely propagate in the longitudinal direction. In some sense, an Anderson localization disordered fiber behave like a large-core multimode optical fiber, with the advantage that most modes are highly localized in the transverse plane, so any point in the cross section of the fiber can be used for localized beam transport. This property has been used for high-quality transportation of intensity patterns and images in these optical fibers. This review covers the basics and the history of the transverse Anderson localization in disordered optical fibers and captures the recent progress in imaging applications using these optical fibers.

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