Abstract

Fiber nonlinearity has become a major limiting transmission impairment factor. In this paper, we discuss various nonlinearity mitigation techniques in electrical and optical domains. In electrical domain, multiple reduced complexity digital back-propagation algorithms were developed, including perturbation back-propagation. One drawback is that they can compensate for intra-channel self-phase modulation (SPM) effects only. The inter-channel fiber nonlinearity mitigation can be done in optical domain. For example, digital subcarrier multiplexing (SCM) can effectively mitigate both SPM and cross-phase modulation (XPM) effects. It can become even more beneficial for higher symbol rate systems (e.g., 64 Gbaud and 128 Gbaud) and has a capability to deliver longer reach than single carrier 32 Gbaud DP-16QAM signals and only slightly shorter reach (by up to 7%) compared to 32 Gbaud SCM systems. Another technique, the total intensity directed phase modulation, can provide per-span SPM and XPM compensation. However, this technique is limited to compensation of a few channels only. On the other hand, the proposed enhanced pre-dispersed spectral inversion can effectively compensate for SPM/XPM effects of multiple channels and become more practical by removing limitation to link symmetry even in nonuniform transmission links. Finally, subcarrier power pre-emphasis in optical superchannels can equalize performance of all subcarriers by mitigating intersubcarrier XPM and extend transmission reach by 20%.

© 2018 IEEE

PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription