Abstract

Analog radio-over-fiber (RoF) is a suitable technology for efficiently developing the cloud-RAN concept in fifth generation deployments based on long-term evolution advanced (LTE-A). Distortion and radiofrequency (RF) power amplifier gain should be taken into account in order to achieve the desired transmission power at the base station. Both mainly depend on several parameters that characterize the optical link, such as the RF input power and bias current. This paper analyzes the link performance due to variations on the traffic load as expected under real operation. In this paper, we show that it is possible in this scenario to adaptively choose the optimum RF input power to minimize the measured error vector magnitude and reduce the RF subsystem gain. Results show that this adaptation allows to relax the RF amplifier gain requirements up to 3-4 dB for medium load conditions.

© 2017 OAPA

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  1. T. Pfeiffer, “Next generation mobile fronthaul and midhaul architectures,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 7, no. 11, pp. B38–B45, 2015.
  2. N. Alic, “Cancellation of nonlinear impairments in ber optic transmission systems,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., 2016, Paper Tu2E.1.
  3. P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.
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  5. S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.
  6. S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .
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  9. T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.
  10. W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.
  11. C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.
  12. 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 14), 3GPP TS 36.211 V14.3.0 (2017-06), 2017.
  13. I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and M. Wicks, “Numerical simulation of intensity and phase noise from extracted parameters for CW DFB lasers,” J. Quantum Electron., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 934–941, 2016.
  14. K. V. Peddanarappagari and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2232–2241, 1997.
  15. Q. Zhang and M. I. Hayee, “Symmetrized split-step fourier scheme to control global simulation accuracy in fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 302–316, 2008.

2017 (2)

3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 14), 3GPP TS 36.211 V14.3.0 (2017-06), 2017.

Y. Fan, “Full-duplex transmission of IEEE 802.11ac-compliant MIMO WLAN signals over a 2-km 7-core fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 010011–10015, 2017.

2016 (5)

N. Alic, “Cancellation of nonlinear impairments in ber optic transmission systems,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., 2016, Paper Tu2E.1.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and M. Wicks, “Numerical simulation of intensity and phase noise from extracted parameters for CW DFB lasers,” J. Quantum Electron., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 934–941, 2016.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) Radio Transmission and Reception (Release 14), 3GPP TS 36.104 V14.2.0 (2016-12), 2016.

2015 (3)

S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.

C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.

T. Pfeiffer, “Next generation mobile fronthaul and midhaul architectures,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 7, no. 11, pp. B38–B45, 2015.

2014 (1)

T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.

2013 (1)

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

2012 (1)

W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.

2008 (1)

Q. Zhang and M. I. Hayee, “Symmetrized split-step fourier scheme to control global simulation accuracy in fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 302–316, 2008.

1997 (1)

K. V. Peddanarappagari and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2232–2241, 1997.

Ahmad, H.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

Alavi, S. E.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

Alic, N.

N. Alic, “Cancellation of nonlinear impairments in ber optic transmission systems,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., 2016, Paper Tu2E.1.

Amiri, I. S.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

Boggia, G.

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

Brandt-Pearce, M.

K. V. Peddanarappagari and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2232–2241, 1997.

Camarda, P.

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

Capmany, J.

C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.

Capozzi, F.

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

Cho, S.-H.

S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.

Chung, H. S.

S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.

Dat, P. T.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.

Fan, Y.

Fatadin, I.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and M. Wicks, “Numerical simulation of intensity and phase noise from extracted parameters for CW DFB lasers,” J. Quantum Electron., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 934–941, 2016.

Ghassemlooy, Z.

T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.

W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.

Grieco, L. A.

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

Han, C.

S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.

Hayee, M. I.

Q. Zhang and M. I. Hayee, “Symmetrized split-step fourier scheme to control global simulation accuracy in fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 302–316, 2008.

Ives, D.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and M. Wicks, “Numerical simulation of intensity and phase noise from extracted parameters for CW DFB lasers,” J. Quantum Electron., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 934–941, 2016.

Kanesan, T.

T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.

W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.

Kanno, A.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.

Kawanishi, T.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.

Khalily, M.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

Lee, J. H.

S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.

Lu, C.

T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.

W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.

Ng, W. P.

T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.

W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.

Ortega, B.

C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.

Peddanarappagari, K. V.

K. V. Peddanarappagari and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2232–2241, 1997.

Pfeiffer, T.

Piro, G.

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

Sánchez, C.

C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.

Soltanian, M. R. K.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

Supaat, A. S. M.

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

Wei, J.

C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.

Wicks, M.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and M. Wicks, “Numerical simulation of intensity and phase noise from extracted parameters for CW DFB lasers,” J. Quantum Electron., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 934–941, 2016.

Yamamoto, N.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang and M. I. Hayee, “Symmetrized split-step fourier scheme to control global simulation accuracy in fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 302–316, 2008.

3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) Radio Transmission and Reception (Release 14) (1)

3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) Radio Transmission and Reception (Release 14), 3GPP TS 36.104 V14.2.0 (2016-12), 2016.

3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 14) (1)

3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 14), 3GPP TS 36.211 V14.3.0 (2017-06), 2017.

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

ETRI J. (1)

S.-H. Cho, C. Han, H. S. Chung, and J. H. Lee, “Demonstration of mobile fronthaul test bed based on RoF technology supporting two frequency assignments and 2 × 2 MIMO antennas,” ETRI J., vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1055–1064, 2015.

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut. (1)

F. Capozzi, G. Piro, L. A. Grieco, G. Boggia, and P. Camarda, “Downlink packet scheduling in LTE cellular networks: Key design issues and a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tut., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 678–700, 2013.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1560–1571, 2012.

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

C. Sánchez, J. Wei, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Comprehensive impairment and performance description of directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 20, pp. 3277–3288. 2015.

T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Investigation of optical modulators in optimized nonlinear compensated LTE RoF system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1944–1950, 2014.

K. V. Peddanarappagari and M. Brandt-Pearce, “Volterra series transfer function of single-mode fibers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2232–2241, 1997.

Q. Zhang and M. I. Hayee, “Symmetrized split-step fourier scheme to control global simulation accuracy in fiber-optic communication systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 302–316, 2008.

P. T. Dat, A. Kanno, N. Yamamoto, and T. Kawanishi, “Full-duplex transmission of LTE-A carrier aggregation signal over a bidirectional seamless fiber-millimeter-wave system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 691–700, 2016.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and M. Wicks, “Numerical simulation of intensity and phase noise from extracted parameters for CW DFB lasers,” J. Quantum Electron., vol. 42, no. 9, pp. 934–941, 2016.

Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (1)

N. Alic, “Cancellation of nonlinear impairments in ber optic transmission systems,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., 2016, Paper Tu2E.1.

Scientific Rep. (1)

S. E. Alavi, M. R. K. Soltanian, I. S. Amiri, M. Khalily, A. S. M. Supaat, and H. Ahmad, “Towards 5G: A photonic based millimeter wave signal generation for applying in 5G access fronthaul,” Scientific Rep., vol. 6, 2016, Art. no. .

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