Abstract

Due to their simple and cost-effective transceiver architecture, single-polarization and single-photodiode-based direct-detection (DD) systems offer advantages for metropolitan area network and data-center interconnect applications. Single-sideband subcarrier modulation (SSB SCM) signaling with DD has the potential to achieve high information spectral density (ISD) but its performance can be significantly degraded by signal–signal beat interference (SSBI). The recently proposed Kramers–Kronig (KK) digital signal processing scheme is effective in eliminating the SSBI penalty. Through the use of the KK scheme, we achieved 4 × 168 Gb/s wavelength division multiplexing DD SSB 64-QAM Nyquist-SCM signal transmission over 80 km of uncompensated standard single-mode fiber at a net ISD of up to 4.61 (b/s)/Hz. The joint optimization of the optical carrier-to-signal power ratio and the KK algorithm sampling rate is described.

© 2017 Crown

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2017 (4)

H.-Y. Chen, N. Kaneda, J. Lee, J. Chen, and Y.-K. Chen, “Optical filter requirements in an EML-based single-sideband PAM4 intensity-modulation and direct-detection transmission system,” Opt. Express, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 5852–5860, 2017.

Z. Liet al., “SSBI mitigation and Kramer-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1887–1893, 2017.

Y. Zhu, K. Zou, and F. Zhang, “C-band 112 Gb/s Nyquist single-sideband direct detection over 960 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 651–654, 2017.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Kashi, S. S.-H. Yam, and Y. Matsui, “Direct modulation of a laser using 112 Gb/s 16-QAM Nyquist subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2017.

2016 (6)

2015 (2)

M. S. Erkılınçet al., “Spectrally-efficient WDM Nyquist-pulse-shaped 16-QAM subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 15, pp. 3147–3155, 2015.

C. Ju, N. Liu, and X. Chen, “Comparison of iteration interference cancellation and symbol predistortion algorithm for direct detection orthogonal frequency division multiplexing passive optical network,” Opt. Eng., vol. 54, no. 8, 2015, Art. no. .

2014 (3)

J. C. Cartledge and A. S. Karar, “100 Gb/s intensity modulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 2809–2814, 2014.

C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “System performance enhancement with pre-distorted OOFDM signal waveforms in IM/DD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 7269–7283, 2014.

L. M. Zhang and F. R. Kschischang, “Staircase codes with 6% to 33% overhead,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1999–2002, 2014.

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

W.-R. Penget al., “Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone-assisted optical OFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1332–1339, 2007.

1966 (1)

H. Voelcker, “Demodulation of single-sideband signals via envelope detection,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 22–30, 1966.

1948 (1)

C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 379–423, 1948.

Andrekson, P. A.

A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun., 2009, paper OTuE.1.

Antonelli, C.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1220–1227, 2016.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig PAM transceiver,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., 2017, paper Tu3I.5.

Barros, D. J. F.

Bei, J.

H. Shi, P. Yang, C. Ju, X. Chen, J. Bei, and R. Hui, “SSBI cancellation based on time diversity reception in SSB-DD-OOFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2014, paper JTh2A.14.

Capmany, J.

Cartledge, J. C.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Kashi, S. S.-H. Yam, and Y. Matsui, “Direct modulation of a laser using 112 Gb/s 16-QAM Nyquist subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2017.

J. C. Cartledge and A. S. Karar, “100 Gb/s intensity modulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 2809–2814, 2014.

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2015, paper Mo.4.5.2.

Chen, H.-Y.

Chen, J.

Chen, X.

C. Ju, N. Liu, and X. Chen, “Comparison of iteration interference cancellation and symbol predistortion algorithm for direct detection orthogonal frequency division multiplexing passive optical network,” Opt. Eng., vol. 54, no. 8, 2015, Art. no. .

H. Shi, P. Yang, C. Ju, X. Chen, J. Bei, and R. Hui, “SSBI cancellation based on time diversity reception in SSB-DD-OOFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2014, paper JTh2A.14.

X. Chenet al., “Single-wavelength, single-polarization, single photodiode Kramers-Kronig detection of 440-Gb/s entropy-loaded discrete multitone modulation transmitted over 100-km SSMF,” in Proc. Annu. Conf. IEEE Photon. Soc., 2017, paper PD1.

X. Chenet al., “218-Gb/s single-wavelength, single-polarization, single-photodiode transmission over 125-km of standard single-mode fiber using Kramers-Kronig detection,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., 2017, paper Th5B.6.

X. Chenet al., “4 × 240 Gb/s dense WDM and PDM Kramers-Kronig detection with 125-km SSMF transmission,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2017, paper W.2.D.4.

C. Ju, X. Chen, N. Liu, and L. Wang, “SSII cancellation in 40 Gbps VSB-IMDD OFDM system based on symbol pre-distortion,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2014, paper P.7.9.

Chen, Y.-K.

Chen, Z.

Chi, N.

Y. Wang, J. Yu, H.-C. Chien, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Transmission and direct detection of 300-Gbps DFT-S OFDM signals based on O-ISB modulation with joint image-cancellation and nonlinearity-mitigation,” in Proc. 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2016, paper 827-829.

Chien, H.-C.

Y. Wang, J. Yu, H.-C. Chien, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Transmission and direct detection of 300-Gbps DFT-S OFDM signals based on O-ISB modulation with joint image-cancellation and nonlinearity-mitigation,” in Proc. 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2016, paper 827-829.

Du, R.

Eiselt, N.

Erkilinç, M. S.

M. S. Erkılınçet al., “Spectrally-efficient WDM Nyquist-pulse-shaped 16-QAM subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 33, no. 15, pp. 3147–3155, 2015.

Fan, S.

S. Fanet al., “Twin-SSB direct detection transmission over 80 km SSMF using Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2017, paper W.2.D.5.

Fukui, T.

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-spectral efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD single sideband-baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 signals,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun., 2017, paper Th3D.4.

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Kashi, S. S.-H. Yam, and Y. Matsui, “Direct modulation of a laser using 112 Gb/s 16-QAM Nyquist subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2017.

Griesser, H.

Hirai, R.

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-spectral efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD single sideband-baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 signals,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun., 2017, paper Th3D.4.

Hui, R.

H. Shi, P. Yang, C. Ju, X. Chen, J. Bei, and R. Hui, “SSBI cancellation based on time diversity reception in SSB-DD-OOFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2014, paper JTh2A.14.

Ip, E.

Ju, C.

C. Ju, N. Liu, and X. Chen, “Comparison of iteration interference cancellation and symbol predistortion algorithm for direct detection orthogonal frequency division multiplexing passive optical network,” Opt. Eng., vol. 54, no. 8, 2015, Art. no. .

C. Ju, X. Chen, N. Liu, and L. Wang, “SSII cancellation in 40 Gbps VSB-IMDD OFDM system based on symbol pre-distortion,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2014, paper P.7.9.

H. Shi, P. Yang, C. Ju, X. Chen, J. Bei, and R. Hui, “SSBI cancellation based on time diversity reception in SSB-DD-OOFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2014, paper JTh2A.14.

Kahn, J. M.

Kaneda, N.

Karar, A. S.

J. C. Cartledge and A. S. Karar, “100 Gb/s intensity modulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 2809–2814, 2014.

Kashi, A. S.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Kashi, S. S.-H. Yam, and Y. Matsui, “Direct modulation of a laser using 112 Gb/s 16-QAM Nyquist subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2017.

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, “Fundamentals of coherent optical fiber communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 157–179, 2016.

Kikuchi, N.

R. Hirai, N. Kikuchi, and T. Fukui, “High-spectral efficiency DWDM transmission of 100-Gbit/s/lambda IM/DD single sideband-baseband-Nyquist-PAM8 signals,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun., 2017, paper Th3D.4.

Kschischang, F. R.

L. M. Zhang and F. R. Kschischang, “Staircase codes with 6% to 33% overhead,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1999–2002, 2014.

Laskowski, P.

Lau, A. P. T.

Le, S. T.

S. T. Leet al., “8 × 256 Gbps virtual carrier assisted WDM direct-detection transmission over a single span of 200 km,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2017, paper Th.PDP.B.1.

Lee, J.

Li, X.

Y. Wang, J. Yu, H.-C. Chien, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Transmission and direct detection of 300-Gbps DFT-S OFDM signals based on O-ISB modulation with joint image-cancellation and nonlinearity-mitigation,” in Proc. 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2016, paper 827-829.

Li, Z.

Z. Liet al., “SSBI mitigation and Kramer-Kronig scheme in single-sideband direct-detection transmission with receiver-based electronic dispersion compensation,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1887–1893, 2017.

Z. Liet al., “Digital linearization of direct-detection transceivers for spectrally-efficient 100 Gb/s/λ WDM metro networking,” J. Lightw. Technol., to be published.

Z. Liet al., “168 Gb/s/λ direct-detection 64-QAM SSB Nyquist-SCM transmission over 80 km uncompensated SSMF at 4.54 b/s/Hz net ISD using a Kramers-Kronig receiver,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2017, paper Tu.2.E.1.

Z. Liet al., “Joint optimisation of resampling rate and carrier-to-signal power ratio in direct-detection Kramers-Kronig receivers,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2017, paper W.2.D.3.

Liu, N.

C. Ju, N. Liu, and X. Chen, “Comparison of iteration interference cancellation and symbol predistortion algorithm for direct detection orthogonal frequency division multiplexing passive optical network,” Opt. Eng., vol. 54, no. 8, 2015, Art. no. .

C. Ju, X. Chen, N. Liu, and L. Wang, “SSII cancellation in 40 Gbps VSB-IMDD OFDM system based on symbol pre-distortion,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2014, paper P.7.9.

Lowery, A. J.

Matsui, Y.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Kashi, S. S.-H. Yam, and Y. Matsui, “Direct modulation of a laser using 112 Gb/s 16-QAM Nyquist subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2017.

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1220–1227, 2016.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig PAM transceiver,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., 2017, paper Tu3I.5.

Olsson, B.-E.

A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun., 2009, paper OTuE.1.

Ortega, B.

Peng, W.

Peng, W.-R.

W.-R. Penget al., “Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone-assisted optical OFDM systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 10, pp. 1332–1339, 2007.

Pilori, D.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2015, paper Mo.4.5.2.

Prodaniuc, C.

Randel, S.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2015, paper Mo.4.5.2.

Raybon, G.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2015, paper Mo.4.5.2.

Sánchez, C.

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 379–423, 1948.

Shi, H.

H. Shi, P. Yang, C. Ju, X. Chen, J. Bei, and R. Hui, “SSBI cancellation based on time diversity reception in SSB-DD-OOFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2014, paper JTh2A.14.

Shtaif, M.

A. Mecozzi, C. Antonelli, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig coherent receiver,” Optica, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 1220–1227, 2016.

C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, and M. Shtaif, “Kramers-Kronig PAM transceiver,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Exhib., 2017, paper Tu3I.5.

Stojanovic, N.

Voelcker, H.

H. Voelcker, “Demodulation of single-sideband signals via envelope detection,” IEEE Trans. Commun. Technol. vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 22–30, 1966.

Wang, L.

C. Ju, X. Chen, N. Liu, and L. Wang, “SSII cancellation in 40 Gbps VSB-IMDD OFDM system based on symbol pre-distortion,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2014, paper P.7.9.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Yu, H.-C. Chien, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Transmission and direct detection of 300-Gbps DFT-S OFDM signals based on O-ISB modulation with joint image-cancellation and nonlinearity-mitigation,” in Proc. 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2016, paper 827-829.

Wei, J.

Wiberg, A. O.

A. O. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun., 2009, paper OTuE.1.

Winzer, P.

S. Randel, D. Pilori, S. Chandrasekhar, G. Raybon, and P. Winzer, “100-Gb/s discrete-multitone transmission over 80-km SSMF using single-sideband modulation with novel interference-cancellation scheme,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2015, paper Mo.4.5.2.

Xie, C.

Yam, S. S.-H.

Y. Gao, J. C. Cartledge, A. S. Kashi, S. S.-H. Yam, and Y. Matsui, “Direct modulation of a laser using 112 Gb/s 16-QAM Nyquist subcarrier modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2017.

Yamazaki, H.

H. Yamazakiet al., “300-Gbps discrete multi-tone transmission using digital-preprocessed analog-multiplexed DAC with halved clock frequency and suppressed image,” in Proc. 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2016, paper Th.3.B.4.

Yang, P.

H. Shi, P. Yang, C. Ju, X. Chen, J. Bei, and R. Hui, “SSBI cancellation based on time diversity reception in SSB-DD-OOFDM transmission systems,” in Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt., 2014, paper JTh2A.14.

Yu, J.

Y. Wang, J. Yu, H.-C. Chien, X. Li, and N. Chi, “Transmission and direct detection of 300-Gbps DFT-S OFDM signals based on O-ISB modulation with joint image-cancellation and nonlinearity-mitigation,” in Proc. 42nd Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun., 2016, paper 827-829.

Zhang, F.

Y. Zhu, K. Zou, and F. Zhang, “C-band 112 Gb/s Nyquist single-sideband direct detection over 960 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 651–654, 2017.

K. Zou, Y. Zhu, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Spectrally efficient terabit optical transmission with Nyquist 64-QAM half-cycle subcarrier modulation and direct-detection,” Opt. Lett., vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 2767–2770, 2016.

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