Abstract

Optical fibre transmission has enabled greatly increased transmission rates with 10 Gb/s common in local area networks. End users find wireless access highly convenient for mobile communication. However, limited spectrum availability at microwave frequencies results in per-user transmission rates limited to much lower values, e.g., 500 Mb/s for 5-GHz band IEEE 802.11ac. Extending the high data-rate capacity of optical fiber transmission to wireless devices requires greatly increased carrier frequencies. This paper will describe how photonic techniques can enable ultrahigh capacity wireless data distribution and transmission using signals at millimeter-wave and TeraHertz (THz) frequencies.

© 2014 OAPA

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2014 (6)

G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. van Dijk, C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. Bente, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3495–35011, 2014.

V. Rymanov, A. Stöhr, S. Dülme, and T. Tekin, “Triple transit region photodiodes (TTR-PDs) providing high millimeter wave output power,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7550–7558, 2014.

X. Li, J. Yu, N. Chi, and J. Xiao, “Antenna polarization diversity for high-speed polarization multiplexing wireless signal delivery at W-band,” Opt. Lett., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 1169–1172, 2014.

F. Pavanello, M. Zaknoune, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, J.-F. Lampin, E. Peytavit, G. Ducournau, and T. Nagatsuma, “Coherent Thz communication at 200 Ghz using a frequency comb, UTC-PD and electronic detection,” Electron. Lett., vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 386–388, 2014.

H. Song, S. Member, J. Kim, and K. Ajito, “50-Gb/s direct conversion QPSK modulator and demodulator MMICS for terahertz communications at 300 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 600–609, 2014.

G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, A. Beck, D. Bacquet, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, T. Akalin, and J. Lampin, “Ultrawide bandwidth single channel 0.4 THz wireless link combining broadband quasi-optic photomixer and coherent detection,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 328–337, 2014.

2013 (4)

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, a. Leuther, a. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nature Photon., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 977–981, 2013.

X. Li, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Z. Dong, F. Li, and N. Chi, “A 400G optical wireless integration delivery system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 24364–24369, 2013.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, C. Nan, D. Ze, L. Xinying, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120-Gb/s data transmission over 2 × 2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 780–783, 2013.

T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, N. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, “Terahertz wireless communications based on photonics technologies,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 20, pp. 477–487, 2013.

2012 (10)

K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 582–583, 2012.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, A. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “Uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module generating 300 Ghz power greater than 1 mW,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 363–365, 2012.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. a J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, and A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nature Photon., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 488–496, 2012.

A. Caballero, D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity 60 Ghz and 75–110 Ghz band links digital coherent detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 147–155, 2012.

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber-wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2 × 2 wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, no. 24, pp. 5106–5108, 2012.

M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. Van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, Y. Yasumura, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gbaud QPSK optical and radio transmission using high-gain antennas for resilient access networks,” IEEE Photon. Soc. Summer Top. Meet. Ser., vol. 3, pp. 145–146, 2012.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, Y. Muramoto, a. Wakatsuki, T. Nagatsuma, and N. Kukutsu, “24 Gbit/s data transmission in 300 GHz band for future terahertz communications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 48, no. 15, pp. 953–954, 2012.

E. Rouvalis, C. C. Renaud, D. G. Moodie, M. J. Robertson, and A. J. Seeds, “Continuous wave terahertz generation from ultra-fast Inp-based photodiodes,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 509–517, 2012.

2011 (6)

L. Ponnampalam, M. Fice, F. Pozzi, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. F. Lealman, D. G. Moodie, P. J. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. J. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated photonic heterodyne system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 15, pp. 2229–2234, 2011.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75–110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 26, pp. B56–B63, 2011.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-Ghz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 810–812, 2011.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75–110 GHz),” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 25, pp. 24944–24949, 2011.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75–110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Exp., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 612–617, 2011.

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, H.-P. Chuang, and J. E. Bowers, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on–off-keying data transmission at w-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 209–219, 2011.

2010 (4)

E. Rouvalis, C. C. Renaud, D. G. Moodie, M. J. Robertson, and A. J. Seeds, “Traveling-wave uni-traveling carrier photodiodes for continuous wave Thz generation,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 11105–11110, 2010.

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, “100-GHz wireless-over-fiber links with up to 16-gb/s QPSK modulation using optical heterodyne generation and digital coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 1650–1652, 2010.

J. Federici and L. Moeller, “Review of terahertz and subterahertz wireless communications,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 107, no. 11, pp. 1–22, 2010.

C. Jastrow, S. Priebe, B. Spitschan, J. Hartmann, M. Jacob, T. Kurner, T. Schrader, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “Wireless digital data transmission at 300 GHz,” Electron. Lett., vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 661–663, 2010.

2009 (3)

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett., vol. 45, no. 22, pp. 1121–1122, 2009.

A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, “No-guard-interval coherent optical OFDM for 100-Gb/s long-haul WDM transmission,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 16, pp. 3705–3713, 2009.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 24, pp. 21350–21361, 2009.

2008 (2)

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, and A. J. Seeds, “Transmission of Gb/s DPSK millimeter-wave wireless data over fiber using low-cost uncooled devices with remote 40-Ghz local oscillator delivery,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 21, pp. 3490–3496, 2008.

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-Ghz-band wireless link using radio-on-fiber technologies,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 2338–2344, 2008.

2007 (1)

C. Liu, V. Polo, F. Van Dijk, H. Pfrommer, M. Á. Piqueras, S. Member, J. Herrera, A. Martínez, S. Karlsson, O. Kjebon, R. Schatz, A. Enard, Y. Yu, T. Tsegaye, C. Chuang, A. J. Seeds, and J. Martí, “Full-duplex DOCSIS/wireless DOCSIS fiber—Radio network employing packaged AFPMs as optical/electrical transducers,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 673–684, 2007.

2006 (2)

C. Liu, T. Ismail, and A. Seeds, “Broadband access using wireless-over-fibre technologies,” BT Tehnol. J., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 130–143, 2006.

A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4628–4641, 2006.

2005 (1)

S. N.Yu. L. MikhailenkoBabikov, and V. F . Golovko “Information-calculating system spectroscopy of atmospheric gases. The structure and main functions,” Atmos. Ocean. Opt., vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 685–695, 2005.

2004 (1)

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, and T. Ishibashi, “High-speed and high-output InP–InGaAs unitraveling-carrier photodiodes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 709–727, 2004.

2003 (1)

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “Optoelectronic millimeter-wave synthesis using an optical frequency comb generator, optically injection locked lasers, and a unitraveling-carrier photodiode,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3043–3051, 2003.

1999 (1)

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 328–342, 1999.

1996 (1)

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1994 (1)

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, “A monolithic optical frequency comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 214–217, 1994.

1992 (1)

R. T. Ramos and A. J. Seeds, “Fast heterodyne optical phase-lock loop using double quantum well laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 82–83, 1992.

1990 (1)

R. T. Ramos and A. J. Seeds, “Delay, linewidth and bandwidth limitations in optical phase-locked loop design,” Electron. Lett., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 389–391, 1990.

1983 (1)

R. C. Steele, “Optical phase-locked loop using semiconductor laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 69–71, 1983.

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M. J. Fice, E. Rouvalis, F. Van Dijk, A. Accard, F. Lelarge, C. C. Renaud, and A. J. Seeds, “146-GHz millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber photonic wireless transmission system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1769–1774, 2012.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

F. van Dijk, A. Accard, A. Enard, O. Drisse, D. Make, and F. Lelarge, “Monolithic dual wavelength DFB lasers for narrow linewidth heterodyne beat-note generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. Jointly Held With Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2011, pp. 73–76.

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J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nature Photon., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 488–496, 2012.

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H. Song, S. Member, J. Kim, and K. Ajito, “50-Gb/s direct conversion QPSK modulator and demodulator MMICS for terahertz communications at 300 GHz,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 600–609, 2014.

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H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Hirata, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, T. Nagatsuma, and Y. Kado, “8 Gbit/s wireless data transmission at 250 GHz,” Electron. Lett., vol. 45, no. 22, pp. 1121–1122, 2009.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, a. Hirata, a. Wakatsuki, T. Furuta, N. Kukutsu, and T. Nagatsuma, “Multi-gigabit wireless data transmission at over 200-GHz,” in Proc. 34th Int. Conf. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, 2009, pp. 1–2.

H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, A. Wakatsuki, Y. Muramoto, N. Kukutsu, Y. Kado, and T. Nagatsuma, “Terahertz wireless communication link at 300 GHz,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon., 2010, pp. 42–45.

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G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, A. Beck, D. Bacquet, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, T. Akalin, and J. Lampin, “Ultrawide bandwidth single channel 0.4 THz wireless link combining broadband quasi-optic photomixer and coherent detection,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 328–337, 2014.

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R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, “100-GHz wireless-over-fiber links with up to 16-gb/s QPSK modulation using optical heterodyne generation and digital coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 1650–1652, 2010.

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S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, a. Leuther, a. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nature Photon., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 977–981, 2013.

J. Antes, S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, F. Boes, a. Tessmann, R. Henneberger, O. Ambacher, T. Zwick, and I. Kallfass, “Transmission of an 8-PSK modulated 30 Gbit/s signal using an MMIC-based 240 GHz wireless link,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 2013, pp. 1–3.

Antes, J.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, a. Leuther, a. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nature Photon., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 977–981, 2013.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and R. Palmer, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., 2013, vol. 1, pp. 22–24.

J. Antes, S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, F. Boes, a. Tessmann, R. Henneberger, O. Ambacher, T. Zwick, and I. Kallfass, “Transmission of an 8-PSK modulated 30 Gbit/s signal using an MMIC-based 240 GHz wireless link,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 2013, pp. 1–3.

S. Koenig, J. Antes, D. Lopez-Diaz, I. Kallfass, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “High-speed wireless bridge at 220 GHz connecting two fiber-optic links each spanning up to 20 km,” in Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012, Paper OM2B.1.

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K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 582–583, 2012.

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X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75–110 GHz),” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 25, pp. 24944–24949, 2011.

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K. Ishigaki, M. Shiraishi, S. Suzuki, M. Asada, N. Nishiyama, and S. Arai, “Direct intensity modulation and wireless data transmission characteristics of terahertz-oscillating resonant tunnelling diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 582–583, 2012.

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G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, A. Beck, D. Bacquet, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, T. Akalin, and J. Lampin, “Ultrawide bandwidth single channel 0.4 THz wireless link combining broadband quasi-optic photomixer and coherent detection,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 328–337, 2014.

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G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. van Dijk, C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. Bente, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3495–35011, 2014.

H. Shams, M. J. Fice, K. Balakier, C. C. Renaud, A. J. Seeds, and F. Van Dijk, “Multichannel 200GHz 40Gb / s wireless communication system using photonic signal generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon./9th Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2014, pp. 4–7.

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G. Ducournau, P. Szriftgiser, A. Beck, D. Bacquet, F. Pavanello, E. Peytavit, M. Zaknoune, T. Akalin, and J. Lampin, “Ultrawide bandwidth single channel 0.4 THz wireless link combining broadband quasi-optic photomixer and coherent detection,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 328–337, 2014.

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G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. van Dijk, C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. Bente, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3495–35011, 2014.

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S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, a. Leuther, a. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nature Photon., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 977–981, 2013.

J. Antes, S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, F. Boes, a. Tessmann, R. Henneberger, O. Ambacher, T. Zwick, and I. Kallfass, “Transmission of an 8-PSK modulated 30 Gbit/s signal using an MMIC-based 240 GHz wireless link,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 2013, pp. 1–3.

S. Koenig, F. Boes, J. Antes, R. Henneberger, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, and R. Palmer, “100 Gbit/s wireless link with mm-wave photonics,” in Proc. Conf. Opt. Fiber Commun./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., 2013, vol. 1, pp. 22–24.

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A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, “High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 328–342, 1999.

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X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75–110 GHz),” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 25, pp. 24944–24949, 2011.

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F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, H.-P. Chuang, and J. E. Bowers, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on–off-keying data transmission at w-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 209–219, 2011.

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A. Caballero, D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity 60 Ghz and 75–110 Ghz band links digital coherent detection,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 147–155, 2012.

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D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-Ghz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 810–812, 2011.

R. Sambaraju, D. Zibar, A. Caballero, I. T. Monroy, R. Alemany, and J. Herrera, “100-GHz wireless-over-fiber links with up to 16-gb/s QPSK modulation using optical heterodyne generation and digital coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 1650–1652, 2010.

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C. C. Renaud, M. Pantouvaki, S. Gregoire, I. Lealman, P. Cannard, R. Gwilliam, and A. J. Seeds, “A monolithic MQW Inp/InGaAsP-based comb generator,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon., 2006, pp. 1–4.

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L. Ponnampalam, M. Fice, F. Pozzi, C. Renaud, D. Rogers, I. F. Lealman, D. G. Moodie, P. J. Cannard, C. Lynch, L. Johnston, M. J. Robertson, R. Cronin, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, and A. Seeds, “Monolithically integrated photonic heterodyne system,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 29, no. 15, pp. 2229–2234, 2011.

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G. Carpintero, K. Balakier, Z. Yang, R. Guzman, A. Corradi, A. Jimenez, G. Kervella, M. Fice, M. Lamponi, M. Chtioui, F. van Dijk, C. Renaud, A. Wonfor, E. Bente, R. Penty, I. White, and A. Seeds, “Microwave photonic integrated circuits for millimeter-wave wireless communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 20, pp. 3495–35011, 2014.

G. Carpintero, E. Rouvalis, K. Ławniczuk, M. Fice, C. C. Renaud, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. a J. M. Bente, M. Chitoui, F. Van Dijk, and A. J. Seeds, “95 GHz millimeter wave signal generation using an arrayed waveguide grating dual wavelength semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 3657–3659, 2012.

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A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75–110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Exp., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 612–617, 2011.

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T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, and A. J. Seeds, “Transmission of Gb/s DPSK millimeter-wave wireless data over fiber using low-cost uncooled devices with remote 40-Ghz local oscillator delivery,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 21, pp. 3490–3496, 2008.

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H. Shams, M. J. Fice, K. Balakier, C. C. Renaud, A. J. Seeds, and F. Van Dijk, “Multichannel 200GHz 40Gb / s wireless communication system using photonic signal generation,” in Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon./9th Asia-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf., 2014, pp. 4–7.

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V. Rymanov, A. Stöhr, S. Dülme, and T. Tekin, “Triple transit region photodiodes (TTR-PDs) providing high millimeter wave output power,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 7550–7558, 2014.

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