Abstract

Direct detection transceivers offer advantages, including low cost and complexity, in short- and medium-haul links. We carried out studies seeking to identify the signal formats which offer the highest information spectral densities and maximum transmission distances for direct detection links. The performance of two spectrally efficient optical signal formats, single-sideband (SSB) Nyquist pulse-shaped subcarrier modulation (SCM) and SSB orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), are compared by means of simulations. The comparison is performed for a range of wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) net information spectral densities up to 2.0 b/s/Hz by varying the signal bandwidth, modulation cardinality, and WDM channel spacing. The signal formats’ tolerance to signal–signal beating interference, resulting from square-law detection, is investigated, and the Nyquist-SCM format is found to suffer lower penalties from this nonlinearity at high information spectral densities. In 7 x 28 Gb/s WDM transmission at 2.0 b/s/Hz (with electronic predistortion and EDFA-only amplification), Nyquist-SCM signals can be transmitted over distances of up to 720 km of standard SMF in comparison to a maximum of 320 km with the OFDM signal format.

© 2015 OAPA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Winzer, “High spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3824–3835, 2012.
  2. A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.
  3. J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.
  4. E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.
  5. M. Alfiad and S. Tibuleac, “100G superchannel transmission using $4 \times 28\;{\rm Gb/s}$ subcarriers on a 25-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 157–160, 2015.
  6. M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.
  7. Y. Zhang, M. O’Sullivan, and R. Hui, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of compatible SSB modulation for single channel long-distance optical OFDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 16751–16764, 2010.
  8. Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.
  9. W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.
  10. S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.
  11. J. Ma, “Simple signal-to-signal beat interference cancellation receiver based on balanced detection for a single-sideband optical OFDM signal with a reduced guard band,” Opt. Lett., vol. 38, no. 21, pp. 4335–4338, 2013.
  12. A. J. Lowery, “Amplified-spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 860–865, 2008.
  13. W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.
  14. A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 17, pp. 421–438, 2011.
  15. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 189–204, 2009.
  16. A. O. J. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2009, Paper OTuE.1.
  17. A. S. Karar and J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 757–760, 2013.
  18. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.
  19. M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.
  20. R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.
  21. M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.
  22. M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.
  23. C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, 2011.
  24. R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
  25. J. M. Cioffi, Course Notes [Online]. ch. 4, pp. 317–323, 2013. Available: http://www.stanford.edu/group/cioffi/book
  26. D. Bykhovsky and S. Arnon, “An experimental comparison of different bit-and-power allocation algorithms for DCO-OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1559–1564, 2014.
  27. X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
  28. E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.
  29. G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Academic, 2010.
  30. J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.
  31. N. Liu, X. Chen, C. Ju, and R. Hui, “40-Gbps vestigial sideband half-cycle Nyquist subcarrier modulation transmission experiment and its comparison with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Eng., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 096114-1–096114-4, 2014.
  32. S. D. Dissanayake and J. Armstrong, “Comparison of ACO-OFDM, DCO-OFDM and ADO-OFDM in IM/DD systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1063–1072, 2013.
  33. J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.
  34. Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

2015 (1)

M. Alfiad and S. Tibuleac, “100G superchannel transmission using $4 \times 28\;{\rm Gb/s}$ subcarriers on a 25-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 157–160, 2015.

2014 (1)

D. Bykhovsky and S. Arnon, “An experimental comparison of different bit-and-power allocation algorithms for DCO-OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1559–1564, 2014.

2013 (3)

A. S. Karar and J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 757–760, 2013.

S. D. Dissanayake and J. Armstrong, “Comparison of ACO-OFDM, DCO-OFDM and ADO-OFDM in IM/DD systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1063–1072, 2013.

J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.

2012 (2)

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

P. Winzer, “High spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3824–3835, 2012.

2011 (2)

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 17, pp. 421–438, 2011.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

2010 (2)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

2009 (2)

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 189–204, 2009.

2008 (2)

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

2005 (1)

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Academic, 2010.

Alfiad, M.

M. Alfiad and S. Tibuleac, “100G superchannel transmission using $4 \times 28\;{\rm Gb/s}$ subcarriers on a 25-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 157–160, 2015.

Andrekson, P. A.

A. O. J. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2009, Paper OTuE.1.

Arbab, V. R.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Armstrong, J.

S. D. Dissanayake and J. Armstrong, “Comparison of ACO-OFDM, DCO-OFDM and ADO-OFDM in IM/DD systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1063–1072, 2013.

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 189–204, 2009.

Arnon, S.

D. Bykhovsky and S. Arnon, “An experimental comparison of different bit-and-power allocation algorithms for DCO-OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1559–1564, 2014.

Bayvel, P.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

Benlachtar, Y.

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, 2011.

Berger, C. R.

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, 2011.

Börjesson, P. O.

J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

Boudrioua, N.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

Bouziane, R.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Breyer, F.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Bunge, C. A.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Bykhovsky, D.

D. Bykhovsky and S. Arnon, “An experimental comparison of different bit-and-power allocation algorithms for DCO-OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1559–1564, 2014.

Cao, Z.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

Cartledge, J. C.

A. S. Karar and J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 757–760, 2013.

Chen, L.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

Chen, L. R.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

Chen, X.

N. Liu, X. Chen, C. Ju, and R. Hui, “40-Gbps vestigial sideband half-cycle Nyquist subcarrier modulation transmission experiment and its comparison with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Eng., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 096114-1–096114-4, 2014.

Chi, S.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.

Christen, L. C.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Cioffi, J. M.

J. M. Cioffi, Course Notes [Online]. ch. 4, pp. 317–323, 2013. Available: http://www.stanford.edu/group/cioffi/book

Cunningham, D. G.

J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

Dissanayake, S. D.

S. D. Dissanayake and J. Armstrong, “Comparison of ACO-OFDM, DCO-OFDM and ADO-OFDM in IM/DD systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1063–1072, 2013.

Dong, Z.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

Du, L. B.

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 17, pp. 421–438, 2011.

Edfors, O.

J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.

Erkilinc, M. S.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

Erkilinç, M. S.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Feng, K.-M.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Forghieri, F.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

Giacoumidis, E.

E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

Giddings, R. P.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

Glick, M.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.

Gosset, C.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

Griesser, H.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

Grot, D.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

Guillossou, T.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

Hugues-Salas, E.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

Hui, R.

Y. Zhang, M. O’Sullivan, and R. Hui, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of compatible SSB modulation for single channel long-distance optical OFDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 16751–16764, 2010.

N. Liu, X. Chen, C. Ju, and R. Hui, “40-Gbps vestigial sideband half-cycle Nyquist subcarrier modulation transmission experiment and its comparison with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Eng., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 096114-1–096114-4, 2014.

Ingham, J. D.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

Jin, X. Q.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

Ju, C.

N. Liu, X. Chen, C. Ju, and R. Hui, “40-Gbps vestigial sideband half-cycle Nyquist subcarrier modulation transmission experiment and its comparison with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Eng., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 096114-1–096114-4, 2014.

Karar, A. S.

A. S. Karar and J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 757–760, 2013.

Kavatzikidis, A.

E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.

Killey, R. I.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, 2011.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

Kilmurray, S.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Lee, S. C. J.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Li, T.

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.

Li, Z.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, X. Chen, C. Ju, and R. Hui, “40-Gbps vestigial sideband half-cycle Nyquist subcarrier modulation transmission experiment and its comparison with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Eng., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 096114-1–096114-4, 2014.

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 17, pp. 421–438, 2011.

A. J. Lowery, “Amplified-spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 860–865, 2008.

Ma, J.

J. Ma, “Simple signal-to-signal beat interference cancellation receiver based on balanced detection for a single-sideband optical OFDM signal with a reduced guard band,” Opt. Lett., vol. 38, no. 21, pp. 4335–4338, 2013.

Maher, R.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Malekiha, M.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

Marvasti, F.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

Mikhailov, V.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

Milder, P. A.

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, 2011.

Nezamalhosseini, S. A.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

O’Sullivan, M.

Y. Zhang, M. O’Sullivan, and R. Hui, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of compatible SSB modulation for single channel long-distance optical OFDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 16751–16764, 2010.

Olsson, B.-E.

A. O. J. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2009, Paper OTuE.1.

Pachnicke, S.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

Paskov, M.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Peng, W. R.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Penty, R. V.

J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

Petermann, K.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Pincemin, E.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

Plant, D. V.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

Quinlan, T.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

Randel, S.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Sandell, M.

J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.

Schuster, M.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Shamee, B.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Spinnler, B.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

Tan, A.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

Tang, J. M.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

Tibuleac, S.

M. Alfiad and S. Tibuleac, “100G superchannel transmission using $4 \times 28\;{\rm Gb/s}$ subcarriers on a 25-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 157–160, 2015.

Tkach, R. W.

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.

Tomkos, I.

E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.

Tsokanos, A.

E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.

van de Beek, J.-J.

J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.

Walker, S.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

Wang, W.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

Watts, P. M.

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

Wei, J. L.

J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

White, I. H.

J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

Wiberg, A. O. J.

A. O. J. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2009, Paper OTuE.1.

Willner, A. E.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Wilson, S. K.

J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.

Winzer, P.

P. Winzer, “High spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3824–3835, 2012.

Wu, X.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Yang, J.-Y.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

Yu, J.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

Zhang, B.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, M. O’Sullivan, and R. Hui, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of compatible SSB modulation for single channel long-distance optical OFDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 16751–16764, 2010.

Zhuge, Q.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 714–716, 2005.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 736–738, 2010.

M. Alfiad and S. Tibuleac, “100G superchannel transmission using $4 \times 28\;{\rm Gb/s}$ subcarriers on a 25-GHz Grid,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 157–160, 2015.

M. Schuster, S. Randel, C. A. Bunge, S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, B. Spinnler, and K. Petermann, “Spectrally efficient compatible single-sideband modulation for OFDM transmission with direct detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 670–672, 2008.

A. S. Karar and J. C. Cartledge, “Generation and detection of a 56 Gb/s signal using a DML and half-cycle 16-QAM Nyquist-SCM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 757–760, 2013.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, and F. Forghieri, “Performance limits of Nyquist-WDM and CO-OFDM in high-Speed PM-QPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 1129–1131, 2010.

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 189–204, 2009.

W. R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 24, pp. 5723–5735, 2009.

P. Winzer, “High spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 24, pp. 3824–3835, 2012.

A. H. Gnauck, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and T. Li, “High-capacity optical transmission systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1032–1045, 2008.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Performance and power dissipation comparisons between 28 Gb/s NRZ, PAM, CAP and optical OFDM systems for data communication applications,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 3273–3280, 2012.

S. D. Dissanayake and J. Armstrong, “Comparison of ACO-OFDM, DCO-OFDM and ADO-OFDM in IM/DD systems,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1063–1072, 2013.

J. L. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Study of 100 gigabit ethernet using carrierless amplitude/phase modulation and optical OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1367–1373, 2013.

D. Bykhovsky and S. Arnon, “An experimental comparison of different bit-and-power allocation algorithms for DCO-OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 1559–1564, 2014.

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. J. Lowery and L. B. Du, “Optical orthogonal division multiplexing for long haul optical communications: A review of the first five years,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 17, pp. 421–438, 2011.

Other (18)

Y. Zhang, M. O’Sullivan, and R. Hui, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of compatible SSB modulation for single channel long-distance optical OFDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 16751–16764, 2010.

A. O. J. Wiberg, B.-E. Olsson, P. A. Andrekson, “Single cycle subcarrier modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, Mar. 2009, Paper OTuE.1.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Kilmurray, R. Maher, M. Paskov, R. Bouziane, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection for spectrally-efficient WDM transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 9420–9431, 2014.

E. Pincemin, C. Gosset, N. Boudrioua, A. Tan, D. Grot, and T. Guillossou, “Experimental performance comparison of duobinary and PSBT modulation formats for long-haul 40 Gb/s transmission on G 0.652 fibre,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 27, pp. 28171–28190, 2012.

W. R. Peng, X. Wu, K.-M. Feng, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J.-Y. Yang, L. C. Christen, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 9099–9111, 2009.

S. A. Nezamalhosseini, L. R. Chen, Q. Zhuge, M. Malekiha, F. Marvasti, and D. V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 15237–15246, 2013.

J. Ma, “Simple signal-to-signal beat interference cancellation receiver based on balanced detection for a single-sideband optical OFDM signal with a reduced guard band,” Opt. Lett., vol. 38, no. 21, pp. 4335–4338, 2013.

A. J. Lowery, “Amplified-spontaneous noise limit of optical OFDM lightwave systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 860–865, 2008.

Z. Li, M. S. Erkilinc, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Direct-detection 16-QAM Nyquist-shaped subcarrier modulation with SSBI mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun., 2015, submitted for publication.

M. S. Erkilinc, S. Kilmurray, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation with direct detection,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Francisco, CA, USA, Mar. 2014, Paper Th3K.4.

M. S. Erkılınç, S. Pachnicke, H. Griesser, B. C. Thomsen, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Effect of clipping on the performance of Nyquist-shaped dispersion-precompensated subcarrier modulation transmission with direct detection,” presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sep. 2014, Paper Tu.3.3.1.

C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Exp., vol. 19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, 2011.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Exp., vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.

J. M. Cioffi, Course Notes [Online]. ch. 4, pp. 317–323, 2013. Available: http://www.stanford.edu/group/cioffi/book

E. Giacoumidis, A. Kavatzikidis, A. Tsokanos, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Adaptive loading algorithms for IMDD optical OFDM PON systems using directly modulated lasers,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 769–778, 2012.

G. P. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Academic, 2010.

J.-J. van de Beek, O. Edfors, M. Sandell, S. K. Wilson, P. O. Börjesson, “On channel estimation in OFDM systems,” in Proc. IEEE Veh. Technol. Conf., 1995, vol. 2, pp. 815–819.

N. Liu, X. Chen, C. Ju, and R. Hui, “40-Gbps vestigial sideband half-cycle Nyquist subcarrier modulation transmission experiment and its comparison with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Opt. Eng., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 096114-1–096114-4, 2014.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.