Abstract

An ultrafast electro-optical amplified switch based on chip-on-carrier semiconductor optical amplifier with high optical contrast (33 dB) is presented. Switching times up to 115 ps with small overshoot were achieved by using the multi-impulse step injected current technique. These results are compared with previous preimpulse step injected current technique, and achieve a reduction of the inherent, post switching gain fluctuations without worsening the switching times. In addition, pulse formats for controlling such a kind of electro-optical switches are numerically analyzed and compared with experiments.

© 2014 OAPA

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  1. C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, 2012.
  2. S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.
  3. A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 841–850, 2009.
  4. D. Brunina, D. Liu, and K. Bergman, “An energy-efficient optically connected memory module for hibrid packet- and circuit-switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, p. 3700407, 2013.
  5. W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.
  6. H.E.T. Wang,Aw, K . A . Williams, A.Wonfar, R.V.Penty, and I.H.White, “Lossless multistage SOA switch fabric using high capacity monolithic 4×4 SOA circuits,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., OSA, San Diego, CA, USA, Paper S.OWQ2, 2009.
  7. C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by pre-impulse-step injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 902–904, 2002.
  8. M. Ikeda, “Switching characteristics of laser diode switch,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 157–164, 1983.
  9. E. Conforti and C. M. Gallep, “A fast electro-optical amplified switch using a resistive combiner for multi-pulse injection,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 2006, pp. 1935–1938.
  10. N. S. Ribeiro, A. L. Toazza, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Rise time and gain fluctuations of an electrooptical amplified switch based on multipulse injection in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 769–771, 2009.
  11. V. Francois and F. Lamaree, “Multicore fiber optimization for application to chip-to-chip optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 4022–4028, 2013.
  12. R. C. Figueiredo, E. C. Magalhaes, N. S. Ribeiro, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Equivalent circuit of a semiconductor optical amplifier chip with bias current influence,” in Proc. IEEE Microw. Optoelectron. Conf., 2011, pp. 852–856.
  13. H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, Fundamentals of Laser Diode Amplifiers.New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1996.
  14. R. S. Tucker, “Large-signal circuit model for simulation of injection laser modulation dynamics,” in Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng., vol. 128, pt. I, pp. 180–184,1981.
  15. R. S. Tucker and D. J. Pope, “Circuit modeling of the effect of diffusion on damping in a narrow-stripe semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Electron., vol. QE-19, pp. 1179–1183, 1983.
  16. E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 10–18, 2008.
  17. E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.
  18. M. Matsuura, N. Iwatsu, K. Kitamura, and N. Kishi, “Time-resolved chirp properties of SOAs measured with an optical bandpass filter,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 2001–2004, 2008.
  19. R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

2014 (1)

W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.

2013 (3)

V. Francois and F. Lamaree, “Multicore fiber optimization for application to chip-to-chip optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 4022–4028, 2013.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

D. Brunina, D. Liu, and K. Bergman, “An energy-efficient optically connected memory module for hibrid packet- and circuit-switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, p. 3700407, 2013.

2012 (1)

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, 2012.

2011 (1)

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

2009 (2)

N. S. Ribeiro, A. L. Toazza, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Rise time and gain fluctuations of an electrooptical amplified switch based on multipulse injection in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 769–771, 2009.

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 841–850, 2009.

2008 (3)

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 10–18, 2008.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

M. Matsuura, N. Iwatsu, K. Kitamura, and N. Kishi, “Time-resolved chirp properties of SOAs measured with an optical bandpass filter,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 2001–2004, 2008.

2002 (1)

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by pre-impulse-step injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 902–904, 2002.

1983 (2)

M. Ikeda, “Switching characteristics of laser diode switch,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 157–164, 1983.

R. S. Tucker and D. J. Pope, “Circuit modeling of the effect of diffusion on damping in a narrow-stripe semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Electron., vol. QE-19, pp. 1179–1183, 1983.

A.Wonfar,

H.E.T. Wang,Aw, K . A . Williams, A.Wonfar, R.V.Penty, and I.H.White, “Lossless multistage SOA switch fabric using high capacity monolithic 4×4 SOA circuits,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., OSA, San Diego, CA, USA, Paper S.OWQ2, 2009.

Bergman, K.

D. Brunina, D. Liu, and K. Bergman, “An energy-efficient optically connected memory module for hibrid packet- and circuit-switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, p. 3700407, 2013.

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 841–850, 2009.

Bimberg, D.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Blumenthal, D. J.

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 10–18, 2008.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

Bonk, R.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Bowers, J. E.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 10–18, 2008.

Brunina, D.

D. Brunina, D. Liu, and K. Bergman, “An energy-efficient optically connected memory module for hibrid packet- and circuit-switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, p. 3700407, 2013.

Burmeister, E. F.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

E. F. Burmeister, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “A comparison of optical buffering technologies,” Opt. Switching Netw., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 10–18, 2008.

Calabretta, N.

W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

Coldren, L.A.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

Conforti, E.

N. S. Ribeiro, A. L. Toazza, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Rise time and gain fluctuations of an electrooptical amplified switch based on multipulse injection in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 769–771, 2009.

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by pre-impulse-step injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 902–904, 2002.

E. Conforti and C. M. Gallep, “A fast electro-optical amplified switch using a resistive combiner for multi-pulse injection,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 2006, pp. 1935–1938.

R. C. Figueiredo, E. C. Magalhaes, N. S. Ribeiro, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Equivalent circuit of a semiconductor optical amplifier chip with bias current influence,” in Proc. IEEE Microw. Optoelectron. Conf., 2011, pp. 852–856.

Di Lucente, S.

W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

Dorren, H.

W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.

Dorren, H. J. S.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

Figueiredo, R. C.

R. C. Figueiredo, E. C. Magalhaes, N. S. Ribeiro, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Equivalent circuit of a semiconductor optical amplifier chip with bias current influence,” in Proc. IEEE Microw. Optoelectron. Conf., 2011, pp. 852–856.

Francois, V.

V. Francois and F. Lamaree, “Multicore fiber optimization for application to chip-to-chip optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 4022–4028, 2013.

Freude, W.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Gallep, C. M.

N. S. Ribeiro, A. L. Toazza, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Rise time and gain fluctuations of an electrooptical amplified switch based on multipulse injection in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 769–771, 2009.

C. M. Gallep and E. Conforti, “Reduction of semiconductor optical amplifier switching times by pre-impulse-step injected current technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 902–904, 2002.

E. Conforti and C. M. Gallep, “A fast electro-optical amplified switch using a resistive combiner for multi-pulse injection,” in Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., 2006, pp. 1935–1938.

R. C. Figueiredo, E. C. Magalhaes, N. S. Ribeiro, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Equivalent circuit of a semiconductor optical amplifier chip with bias current influence,” in Proc. IEEE Microw. Optoelectron. Conf., 2011, pp. 852–856.

Ghafouri-Shiraz, H.

H. Ghafouri-Shiraz, Fundamentals of Laser Diode Amplifiers.New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1996.

Guetlein, J.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

I.H.White,

H.E.T. Wang,Aw, K . A . Williams, A.Wonfar, R.V.Penty, and I.H.White, “Lossless multistage SOA switch fabric using high capacity monolithic 4×4 SOA circuits,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., OSA, San Diego, CA, USA, Paper S.OWQ2, 2009.

Ikeda, M.

M. Ikeda, “Switching characteristics of laser diode switch,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 157–164, 1983.

Iwatsu, N.

M. Matsuura, N. Iwatsu, K. Kitamura, and N. Kishi, “Time-resolved chirp properties of SOAs measured with an optical bandpass filter,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 2001–2004, 2008.

Kachris, C.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, 2012.

Kishi, N.

M. Matsuura, N. Iwatsu, K. Kitamura, and N. Kishi, “Time-resolved chirp properties of SOAs measured with an optical bandpass filter,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 2001–2004, 2008.

Kitamura, K.

M. Matsuura, N. Iwatsu, K. Kitamura, and N. Kishi, “Time-resolved chirp properties of SOAs measured with an optical bandpass filter,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 2001–2004, 2008.

Klamkin, J.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

Koos, C.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Lamaree, F.

V. Francois and F. Lamaree, “Multicore fiber optimization for application to chip-to-chip optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 4022–4028, 2013.

Leuthold, J.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Liu, D.

D. Brunina, D. Liu, and K. Bergman, “An energy-efficient optically connected memory module for hibrid packet- and circuit-switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 2, p. 3700407, 2013.

Luo, J.

W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

Mack, J. P.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

Magalhaes, E. C.

R. C. Figueiredo, E. C. Magalhaes, N. S. Ribeiro, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Equivalent circuit of a semiconductor optical amplifier chip with bias current influence,” in Proc. IEEE Microw. Optoelectron. Conf., 2011, pp. 852–856.

Matsuura, M.

M. Matsuura, N. Iwatsu, K. Kitamura, and N. Kishi, “Time-resolved chirp properties of SOAs measured with an optical bandpass filter,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 23, pp. 2001–2004, 2008.

Meuer, C.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Miao, W.

W. Miao, J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, H. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Novel flat datacenter network architecture based on scalable and flow-controlled optical switch system,” Opt. Exp., vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 2465–2472, 2014.

Pope, D. J.

R. S. Tucker and D. J. Pope, “Circuit modeling of the effect of diffusion on damping in a narrow-stripe semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Electron., vol. QE-19, pp. 1179–1183, 1983.

Poulsen, H. N.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L.A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer with fiber delay loop,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 8451–8456, 2008.

Pueyo Centelles, R.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

R.V.Penty,

H.E.T. Wang,Aw, K . A . Williams, A.Wonfar, R.V.Penty, and I.H.White, “Lossless multistage SOA switch fabric using high capacity monolithic 4×4 SOA circuits,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., OSA, San Diego, CA, USA, Paper S.OWQ2, 2009.

Ribeiro, N. S.

N. S. Ribeiro, A. L. Toazza, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Rise time and gain fluctuations of an electrooptical amplified switch based on multipulse injection in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 769–771, 2009.

R. C. Figueiredo, E. C. Magalhaes, N. S. Ribeiro, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Equivalent circuit of a semiconductor optical amplifier chip with bias current influence,” in Proc. IEEE Microw. Optoelectron. Conf., 2011, pp. 852–856.

Rohit, A.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

Schmeckebier, H.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Shacham, A.

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, “An experimental validation of a wavelength-striped, packet switched, optical interconnection network,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 841–850, 2009.

Toazza, A. L.

N. S. Ribeiro, A. L. Toazza, C. M. Gallep, and E. Conforti, “Rise time and gain fluctuations of an electrooptical amplified switch based on multipulse injection in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 769–771, 2009.

Tomkos, I.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “A Survey on optical interconnects for data centers,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1021–1036, 2012.

Tucker, R. S.

R. S. Tucker and D. J. Pope, “Circuit modeling of the effect of diffusion on damping in a narrow-stripe semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Electron., vol. QE-19, pp. 1179–1183, 1983.

R. S. Tucker, “Large-signal circuit model for simulation of injection laser modulation dynamics,” in Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng., vol. 128, pt. I, pp. 180–184,1981.

Vallaitis, T.

R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Guetlein, C. Meuer, H. Schmeckebier, D. Bimberg, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “The input power dynamic range of a semiconductor optical amplifier and its relevance for access network applications,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 1039–1053, 2011.

Wang,Aw, H.E.T.

H.E.T. Wang,Aw, K . A . Williams, A.Wonfar, R.V.Penty, and I.H.White, “Lossless multistage SOA switch fabric using high capacity monolithic 4×4 SOA circuits,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., OSA, San Diego, CA, USA, Paper S.OWQ2, 2009.

Williams,

H.E.T. Wang,Aw, K . A . Williams, A.Wonfar, R.V.Penty, and I.H.White, “Lossless multistage SOA switch fabric using high capacity monolithic 4×4 SOA circuits,” presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., OSA, San Diego, CA, USA, Paper S.OWQ2, 2009.

Williams, K. A.

S. Di Lucente, J. Luo, R. Pueyo Centelles, A. Rohit, S. Zou, K. A. Williams, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Numerical and experimental study of a high port-density WDM optical packet switch architecture for data centers,” Opt. Exp., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 263–269, 2013.

Zou, S.

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