Abstract

A novel design of a submicron power splitter is presented using plasmonics with the metal insulator metal (MIM) configuration. A simple analytical model is utilized to obtain good initial design. The final optimized design is obtained using finite-difference time domain based optimization. The proposed approach provides a simple and efficient methodology for designing 1xN power splitters using MIM configuration. The proposed power splitters are ultra wide band(∼ 2 μm) with negligible imbalance. The approach is utilized to design up to 1 × 4, 1 × 8, and 1 × 16 integrated power splitters with submicron footprint, where all the optimized designs are validated.

© 2014 IEEE

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  1. P. Berini, "Bulk and surface sensitivities of surface plasmon waveguides ," New J. Phys. 10, 105010 (2008).
  2. J. Homola, "Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors ," Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 -539 (2003).
  3. S. A. Maier, "Plasmonic field enhancement and SERS in the effective mode volume picture," Opt. Exp. 14, 1957 -1964 (2006).
  4. J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, "Plasmonic slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
  5. C. Lin, H. K. Wang, B. Lau, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Efficient broadband energy transfer via momentum matching at hybrid guided-wave junctions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123115 (2012).
  6. C. Lin, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Analytical model for metal–insulator–metal mesh waveguide architectures," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 3157-3169 (2012).
  7. M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Feedback effects in plasmonic slot waveguides examined using a closed-form model," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 497 -499 (2012).
  8. R. Kotb, Y. Ismail, M. A. Swillam, "Integrated metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nano resonator: An analytical approach," Progr. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 43, 83-94 (2013 ).
  9. B. Lau, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Hybrid orthogonal junctions: Wideband plasmonic slot-silicon waveguide couplers," Opt. Exp. 18, 27048-27059 (2010).
  10. G. Veronis, S. Fan, " Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).
  11. J. Wang, X. Guan, Y. He, Y. Shi, Z. Wang, S. He, P. Holmström, L. Wosinski, L. Thylen, D. Dai, "Sub-μm $^{2}$ power splitters by using silicon hybrid plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 19, 838-847 (2011).
  12. M. A. Swillam, M. H. Bakr, X. Li, "Efficient 3D sensitivity analysis of surface plasmon waveguide structures," Opt. Exp. 16, 16371-16381 (2008).
  13. N. Nozhat, N Granpayeh, "Ultra-compact metal-insulator-metal plasmonic power splitter at 1550 nm wavelength ," Proc. Photon. Global Conf. (2010) pp. 1-4.
  14. C.-H. Chen, K.-S. Liao, "1xN plasmonic power splitters based on metal-insulator-metal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 21, 4036-4043 (2013).
  15. D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering (Wiley, 1998).
  16. M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Analysis and applications of 3-D rectangular metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 19831-19843 (2010).
  17. Z. Han, S. Bozhevolnyi, "Radiation guiding with surface plasmon polaritons," Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 016402 ( 2013).
  18. E. Feigenbaum, M. Orenstein, "Perfect 4-way splitting in nano plasmonic X-junctions," Opt. Exp. 15, 17948-17953 ( 2007).
  19. P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of nobel metals," Phys. Rev. B6 4370-4379 (1972).
  20. Lumerical, http://www.lumerical.com/solutions/whitepapers/fdtd_ multicoefficient_material_modeling.html, 2013..

2013 (1)

R. Kotb, Y. Ismail, M. A. Swillam, "Integrated metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nano resonator: An analytical approach," Progr. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 43, 83-94 (2013 ).

2013 (1)

C.-H. Chen, K.-S. Liao, "1xN plasmonic power splitters based on metal-insulator-metal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 21, 4036-4043 (2013).

2012 (3)

C. Lin, H. K. Wang, B. Lau, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Efficient broadband energy transfer via momentum matching at hybrid guided-wave junctions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123115 (2012).

C. Lin, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Analytical model for metal–insulator–metal mesh waveguide architectures," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 3157-3169 (2012).

M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Feedback effects in plasmonic slot waveguides examined using a closed-form model," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 497 -499 (2012).

2011 (1)

J. Wang, X. Guan, Y. He, Y. Shi, Z. Wang, S. He, P. Holmström, L. Wosinski, L. Thylen, D. Dai, "Sub-μm $^{2}$ power splitters by using silicon hybrid plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 19, 838-847 (2011).

2010 (2)

M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Analysis and applications of 3-D rectangular metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 19831-19843 (2010).

B. Lau, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Hybrid orthogonal junctions: Wideband plasmonic slot-silicon waveguide couplers," Opt. Exp. 18, 27048-27059 (2010).

2008 (2)

P. Berini, "Bulk and surface sensitivities of surface plasmon waveguides ," New J. Phys. 10, 105010 (2008).

M. A. Swillam, M. H. Bakr, X. Li, "Efficient 3D sensitivity analysis of surface plasmon waveguide structures," Opt. Exp. 16, 16371-16381 (2008).

2006 (2)

S. A. Maier, "Plasmonic field enhancement and SERS in the effective mode volume picture," Opt. Exp. 14, 1957 -1964 (2006).

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, "Plasmonic slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

2005 (1)

G. Veronis, S. Fan, " Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).

2003 (1)

J. Homola, "Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors ," Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 -539 (2003).

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of nobel metals," Phys. Rev. B6 4370-4379 (1972).

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

J. Homola, "Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors ," Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377, 528 -539 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. Lin, H. K. Wang, B. Lau, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Efficient broadband energy transfer via momentum matching at hybrid guided-wave junctions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 123115 (2012).

G. Veronis, S. Fan, " Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131102 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

C. Lin, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Analytical model for metal–insulator–metal mesh waveguide architectures," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 3157-3169 (2012).

New J. Phys. (1)

P. Berini, "Bulk and surface sensitivities of surface plasmon waveguides ," New J. Phys. 10, 105010 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (6)

B. Lau, M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Hybrid orthogonal junctions: Wideband plasmonic slot-silicon waveguide couplers," Opt. Exp. 18, 27048-27059 (2010).

S. A. Maier, "Plasmonic field enhancement and SERS in the effective mode volume picture," Opt. Exp. 14, 1957 -1964 (2006).

J. Wang, X. Guan, Y. He, Y. Shi, Z. Wang, S. He, P. Holmström, L. Wosinski, L. Thylen, D. Dai, "Sub-μm $^{2}$ power splitters by using silicon hybrid plasmonic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 19, 838-847 (2011).

M. A. Swillam, M. H. Bakr, X. Li, "Efficient 3D sensitivity analysis of surface plasmon waveguide structures," Opt. Exp. 16, 16371-16381 (2008).

C.-H. Chen, K.-S. Liao, "1xN plasmonic power splitters based on metal-insulator-metal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 21, 4036-4043 (2013).

M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Analysis and applications of 3-D rectangular metallic waveguides," Opt. Exp. 18, 19831-19843 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

E. Feigenbaum, M. Orenstein, "Perfect 4-way splitting in nano plasmonic X-junctions," Opt. Exp. 15, 17948-17953 ( 2007).

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. A. Swillam, A. S. Helmy, "Feedback effects in plasmonic slot waveguides examined using a closed-form model," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 497 -499 (2012).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, "Plasmonic slot waveguides: Towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).

Phys. Rev. B6 (1)

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of nobel metals," Phys. Rev. B6 4370-4379 (1972).

Progr. Electromagn. Res. Lett. (1)

R. Kotb, Y. Ismail, M. A. Swillam, "Integrated metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nano resonator: An analytical approach," Progr. Electromagn. Res. Lett. 43, 83-94 (2013 ).

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

Z. Han, S. Bozhevolnyi, "Radiation guiding with surface plasmon polaritons," Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 016402 ( 2013).

Other (3)

D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering (Wiley, 1998).

N. Nozhat, N Granpayeh, "Ultra-compact metal-insulator-metal plasmonic power splitter at 1550 nm wavelength ," Proc. Photon. Global Conf. (2010) pp. 1-4.

Lumerical, http://www.lumerical.com/solutions/whitepapers/fdtd_ multicoefficient_material_modeling.html, 2013..

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