Abstract

This paper presents concentration measurements of water vapour and methane, taken in-situ on an operational solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) test rig using tunable diode laser spectroscopy (TDLS). Methane concentration measurements are presented for the TDLS system and are compared with concentration measurements taken using gas chromatography (GC). Furthermore, purge times for the SOFC gas-analysis system have been calculated using TDLS, which are measurements that cannot be obtained directly using GC. Finally, water vapour concentration measurements in the SOFC cathode are shown for different system operating conditions: a dry cathode cycle and during the introduction of water vapour. As GC cannot be used to measure water vapour in the SOFC cathode stream, a direct comparison cannot be made with the TDLS measurements.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. R. Peters, R. Dahl, U. Klüttgen, C. Palm, D. Stolen, J. Power Sources 106, 238 (2002).
  2. F. J. Gardner, M. J. Day, N. P. Brandon, M. N. Pashley, M. Cassidy, J. Power Sources 86, 122 (2000).
  3. G. D. Agnew, D. Bernardi, R. D. Collins, R. H. Cunningham, J. Power Sources 157, 832 (2006).
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  10. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Danaj, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldmanm, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, "The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database," J. Quantum Spec. Rad. Trans. 110, 533-572 (2009).
  11. W. Johnstone, A. J. McGettrick, K. Duffin, A. Cheung, G. Stewart, "Tunable diode laser spectroscopy for industrial process applications: System characterization in conventional and new," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1079-1088 (2008).

2011 (2)

C. Mitra, S. Maity, A. Banerjee, A. Pandey, A. Behera, V. Jammu, "Development of steam quality measurement and monitoring technique using absorption spectroscopy with diode lasers," IEEE Sens. J. 11, 1214-1219 (2011).

M. Lengden, R. Cunningham, W. Johnstone, "Tuneable diode laser gas analyser for methane measurements on a large scale solid oxide fuel cell," J. Power Sources 196, 8406-8408 (2011).

2009 (1)

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Danaj, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldmanm, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, "The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database," J. Quantum Spec. Rad. Trans. 110, 533-572 (2009).

2008 (1)

W. Johnstone, A. J. McGettrick, K. Duffin, A. Cheung, G. Stewart, "Tunable diode laser spectroscopy for industrial process applications: System characterization in conventional and new," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1079-1088 (2008).

2007 (1)

G. D. Agnew, R. D. Collins, M. Jörger, S. H. Pyke, R. P. Travis, ECS Trans. 7, 105 (2007).

2006 (1)

G. D. Agnew, D. Bernardi, R. D. Collins, R. H. Cunningham, J. Power Sources 157, 832 (2006).

2002 (2)

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. A. Maiorov, D. Z. Garbuzov, J. C. Connolly, "In situ laser measurements of CO and CH4 close to the surface of a burning single fuel particle," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1545-1551 (2002).

R. Peters, R. Dahl, U. Klüttgen, C. Palm, D. Stolen, J. Power Sources 106, 238 (2002).

2000 (1)

F. J. Gardner, M. J. Day, N. P. Brandon, M. N. Pashley, M. Cassidy, J. Power Sources 86, 122 (2000).

1994 (1)

A. McLean, C. Mitchell, D. Swanston, "Implementation of an efficient analytical approximation to the voigt function for photoemission lineshape analysis," J. Electron Spect. Rel. Phen. 69, 125-132 (1994).

1970 (1)

E. D. Hinkley, "High resolution infrared spectroscopy with a tunable diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 351-354 (1970).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. D. Hinkley, "High resolution infrared spectroscopy with a tunable diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 351-354 (1970).

ECS Trans. (1)

G. D. Agnew, R. D. Collins, M. Jörger, S. H. Pyke, R. P. Travis, ECS Trans. 7, 105 (2007).

IEEE Sens. J. (2)

W. Johnstone, A. J. McGettrick, K. Duffin, A. Cheung, G. Stewart, "Tunable diode laser spectroscopy for industrial process applications: System characterization in conventional and new," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1079-1088 (2008).

C. Mitra, S. Maity, A. Banerjee, A. Pandey, A. Behera, V. Jammu, "Development of steam quality measurement and monitoring technique using absorption spectroscopy with diode lasers," IEEE Sens. J. 11, 1214-1219 (2011).

J. Electron Spect. Rel. Phen. (1)

A. McLean, C. Mitchell, D. Swanston, "Implementation of an efficient analytical approximation to the voigt function for photoemission lineshape analysis," J. Electron Spect. Rel. Phen. 69, 125-132 (1994).

J. Power Sources (4)

M. Lengden, R. Cunningham, W. Johnstone, "Tuneable diode laser gas analyser for methane measurements on a large scale solid oxide fuel cell," J. Power Sources 196, 8406-8408 (2011).

R. Peters, R. Dahl, U. Klüttgen, C. Palm, D. Stolen, J. Power Sources 106, 238 (2002).

F. J. Gardner, M. J. Day, N. P. Brandon, M. N. Pashley, M. Cassidy, J. Power Sources 86, 122 (2000).

G. D. Agnew, D. Bernardi, R. D. Collins, R. H. Cunningham, J. Power Sources 157, 832 (2006).

J. Quantum Spec. Rad. Trans. (1)

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Danaj, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldmanm, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. Naumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, J. Vander Auwera, "The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database," J. Quantum Spec. Rad. Trans. 110, 533-572 (2009).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Lackner, G. Totschnig, F. Winter, M. A. Maiorov, D. Z. Garbuzov, J. C. Connolly, "In situ laser measurements of CO and CH4 close to the surface of a burning single fuel particle," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1545-1551 (2002).

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