Abstract

Hybrid photonic true-time delay modules for phased-array antennas are designed and demonstrated. Continuously tunable true-time delay network based on highly dispersive photonic bandgap fiber (up to 2135 ps/nm/km at 1570 nm), combined with a programmable true-time delay network utilizing optical waveguide delay line and optical switches, provides the antenna with quasi-continuous steering ability. Far-field patterns are simulated and measured to confirm the squint-free beam steering.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. L. H. Gesell, R. E. Feinleib, J. L. Lafuse, T. M. Turpin, "Acousto-optic control of time delays for array beam steering," Proc. SPIE (1994) pp. 194-204.
  2. P. Maak, I. Frigyes, L. Jakab, I. Habermayer, M. Gyukics, P. Richter, "Realization of true-time delay lines based on acousto optics," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 730-739 (2002).
  3. L. P. Anderson, F. Boldissar, R. Kunath, "Antenna beamforming using optical processor," AP-S Int. Symp. Dig. (1987) pp. 431-434.
  4. Y. Konishi, "Carrier-to-noise ratio and sidelobe level in a two-laser mode optically controlled array antenna using Fourier optics," IEEE Trans. Antennas Prop. 40, 1459-1465 (1992).
  5. H. R. Fetterman, Y. Chang, D. C. Scott, S. R. Forrest, F. M. Espiau, M. Wu, D. V. Plant, J. R. Kelly, A. Mather, W. H. Steier, R. M. Osgood, H. A. Haus, G. J. Simonis, "Optically controlled phased array radar receiver using SLM switched real time delays," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 5, 414-416 (1995).
  6. D. Dolfi, P. Joffre, J. Antoine, J.-P. Huignard, D. Philippet, P. Granger, "Experimental demonstration of a phased-array antenna optically controlled with phase and time delays," Appl. Opt. 35, 5293-5300 (1996).
  7. M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, M. G. Parent, "Array transmitter/receiver controlled by a true time-delay fiber-optic beamformer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1216-1218 (1995).
  8. A. Goutzoulis, K. Davies, "Development and field demonstration of a hardware-compressive fiber-optic true-time delay steering system for phased-array antennas," Appl. Opt. 33, 8173-8185 (1994).
  9. A. Molony, C. Edge, I. Bennion, "Fiber grating time delay element for phased array antennas," Electron. Lett. 31, 1485-1486 (1995).
  10. J. L. Cruz, "Chirped fiber gratings for phased-array antennas," Electron. Lett. 33, 545-546 (1997).
  11. Y. Chen, R. T. Chen, "A fully packaged true time delay module for a K-band phased array antenna system demonstration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1175-1177 (2002).
  12. Y. Chen, R. T. Chen, "K-band phased-array antenna system demonstration using substrate guided wave true-time delay," Opt. Eng. 42, 2000-2005 (2003).
  13. M. Y. Chen, H. Subbaraman, R. T. Chen, "Photonic crystal fiber beamformer for multiple X-band phased-array antenna transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 375-377 (2008).
  14. B. Howley, X. Wang, M. Chen, R. T. Chen, "Reconfigurable delay time polymer planar lightwave circuit for an X-band phased-array antenna demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 883-890 (2007).

2008 (1)

M. Y. Chen, H. Subbaraman, R. T. Chen, "Photonic crystal fiber beamformer for multiple X-band phased-array antenna transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 375-377 (2008).

2007 (1)

B. Howley, X. Wang, M. Chen, R. T. Chen, "Reconfigurable delay time polymer planar lightwave circuit for an X-band phased-array antenna demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 883-890 (2007).

2003 (1)

Y. Chen, R. T. Chen, "K-band phased-array antenna system demonstration using substrate guided wave true-time delay," Opt. Eng. 42, 2000-2005 (2003).

2002 (2)

Y. Chen, R. T. Chen, "A fully packaged true time delay module for a K-band phased array antenna system demonstration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1175-1177 (2002).

P. Maak, I. Frigyes, L. Jakab, I. Habermayer, M. Gyukics, P. Richter, "Realization of true-time delay lines based on acousto optics," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 730-739 (2002).

1997 (1)

J. L. Cruz, "Chirped fiber gratings for phased-array antennas," Electron. Lett. 33, 545-546 (1997).

1996 (1)

1995 (3)

H. R. Fetterman, Y. Chang, D. C. Scott, S. R. Forrest, F. M. Espiau, M. Wu, D. V. Plant, J. R. Kelly, A. Mather, W. H. Steier, R. M. Osgood, H. A. Haus, G. J. Simonis, "Optically controlled phased array radar receiver using SLM switched real time delays," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 5, 414-416 (1995).

A. Molony, C. Edge, I. Bennion, "Fiber grating time delay element for phased array antennas," Electron. Lett. 31, 1485-1486 (1995).

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, M. G. Parent, "Array transmitter/receiver controlled by a true time-delay fiber-optic beamformer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1216-1218 (1995).

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

Y. Konishi, "Carrier-to-noise ratio and sidelobe level in a two-laser mode optically controlled array antenna using Fourier optics," IEEE Trans. Antennas Prop. 40, 1459-1465 (1992).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. Molony, C. Edge, I. Bennion, "Fiber grating time delay element for phased array antennas," Electron. Lett. 31, 1485-1486 (1995).

J. L. Cruz, "Chirped fiber gratings for phased-array antennas," Electron. Lett. 33, 545-546 (1997).

IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. (1)

H. R. Fetterman, Y. Chang, D. C. Scott, S. R. Forrest, F. M. Espiau, M. Wu, D. V. Plant, J. R. Kelly, A. Mather, W. H. Steier, R. M. Osgood, H. A. Haus, G. J. Simonis, "Optically controlled phased array radar receiver using SLM switched real time delays," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 5, 414-416 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, M. G. Parent, "Array transmitter/receiver controlled by a true time-delay fiber-optic beamformer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1216-1218 (1995).

M. Y. Chen, H. Subbaraman, R. T. Chen, "Photonic crystal fiber beamformer for multiple X-band phased-array antenna transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 375-377 (2008).

Y. Chen, R. T. Chen, "A fully packaged true time delay module for a K-band phased array antenna system demonstration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1175-1177 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Prop. (1)

Y. Konishi, "Carrier-to-noise ratio and sidelobe level in a two-laser mode optically controlled array antenna using Fourier optics," IEEE Trans. Antennas Prop. 40, 1459-1465 (1992).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

B. Howley, X. Wang, M. Chen, R. T. Chen, "Reconfigurable delay time polymer planar lightwave circuit for an X-band phased-array antenna demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 883-890 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. Maak, I. Frigyes, L. Jakab, I. Habermayer, M. Gyukics, P. Richter, "Realization of true-time delay lines based on acousto optics," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 730-739 (2002).

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. Chen, R. T. Chen, "K-band phased-array antenna system demonstration using substrate guided wave true-time delay," Opt. Eng. 42, 2000-2005 (2003).

Other (2)

L. P. Anderson, F. Boldissar, R. Kunath, "Antenna beamforming using optical processor," AP-S Int. Symp. Dig. (1987) pp. 431-434.

L. H. Gesell, R. E. Feinleib, J. L. Lafuse, T. M. Turpin, "Acousto-optic control of time delays for array beam steering," Proc. SPIE (1994) pp. 194-204.

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