Abstract

Few-mode fiber (FMF) compatible optical add/drop multiplexer (OADM) is indispensable for the future flexible high-speed mode-division multiplexed (MDM) optical networks. In this paper, we demonstrate a proof of concept of FMF compatible OADM which enables add/drop functionality for MDM superchannels. The OADM consists of two cascaded free-space thin-film filters with 5° incident angle. We demonstrate the rerouting of 3 × 318 Gb/s MDM CO-OFDM superchannels via the proposed OADM. The experimental results show 2.6, 2.4, and 0.7 dB OSNR penalties for add, drop, and through ports, respectively. Additionally, we demonstrate a heterodyne receiver configuration which can handle multiband detection without incurring penalty of spectral efficiency.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012

2011

2010

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 28, 662-701 (2010).

S. Tibuleac, M. Filer, "Transmission impairments in DWDM networks with reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 557-598 (2010).

X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Closed-form expressions for nonlinear transmission performance of densely spaced coherent optical OFDM systems," Opt. Express 18, 19039-19054 (2010).

2009

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, H. Tanaka, "121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 skm of SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 177-188 (2009).

Y. Kokubun, M. Koshiba, "Novel multi-core fibers for mode division multiplexing: Proposal and design principle," IEICE Electron. Expr. 6, 522-528 (2009).

2008

X. Liu, F. Buchali, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Express 16, 21944-21957 (2008).

M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersion trimming in a reconfigurable wavelength selective switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 73-78 (2008).

2001

P. P. Mitra, J. B. Stark, "Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications," Nature 411, 1027-1030 (2001).

2000

Y. K. Chen, C. J. Hu, C. C. Lee, K. M. Feng, M. K. Lu, C. H. Chang, Y. K. Tu, S. L. Tzeng, "Low-crosstalk and compact optical add-drop-multiplexer using a multiport circulator and fiber Bragg gratings," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (2000).

1998

K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).

Commun. Mag.

K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).

IEEE Photon. J.

W. Shieh, X. Chen, "Information spectral efficiency and launch power density limits due to fiber nonlinearity for coherent optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. J. 3, 158-173 (2011).

IEICE Electron. Expr.

Y. Kokubun, M. Koshiba, "Novel multi-core fibers for mode division multiplexing: Proposal and design principle," IEICE Electron. Expr. 6, 522-528 (2009).

J. Lightw. Tech.

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Tech. 28, 662-701 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. A. F. Roelens, S. Frisken, J. A. Bolger, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersion trimming in a reconfigurable wavelength selective switch," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 73-78 (2008).

S. Tibuleac, M. Filer, "Transmission impairments in DWDM networks with reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 557-598 (2010).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, H. Tanaka, "121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2 b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 skm of SSMF," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 177-188 (2009).

Nature

P. P. Mitra, J. B. Stark, "Nonlinear limits to the information capacity of optical fibre communications," Nature 411, 1027-1030 (2001).

Opt. Express

Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. K. Chen, C. J. Hu, C. C. Lee, K. M. Feng, M. K. Lu, C. H. Chang, Y. K. Tu, S. L. Tzeng, "Low-crosstalk and compact optical add-drop-multiplexer using a multiport circulator and fiber Bragg gratings," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (2000).

Other

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, "109-Tb/s (7 × 97 × 172-Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB6.

D. Qian, M. F. Huang, E. Ip, Y. K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, T. Wang, "101.7-Tb/s (370 × 294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3 × 55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB5.

R. Ryf, A. Sierra, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. Gnauck, C. A. Bolle, M. Esmaeelpour, P. J. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, D. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-equalized distributed Raman amplification in 137-km few-mode fiber," Proc. 37th Eur. Conf. Expo. Opt. Commun., OSA Tech. Digest (CD) Opt. Soc. Amer. (2011).

A. Szapiel, Method of assembling a multiplexer/demultiplexer apparatus to account for manufacturing variations in the thin-film optical filters US Patent 7 072 540 (2006).

C. R. Giles, V. Mizrahi, "Low-loss add/drop multiplexers for WDM lightwave networks," Proc. Tech. Dig. IOOC'95 (1995).

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Yan, J. Fini, E. Monberg, F. Dimarcello, "Space-, wavelength-, polarization-division multiplexed transmission of 56-Tb/s over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB.7.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, "109-Tb/s (7 × 97 × 172-Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB6.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. OWA4.

A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, W. Shieh, "Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB8.

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, "Transmission at 2 × 100 Gb/s, over two modes of 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB9.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2011) pp. PDPB10.

E. Ip, B. Neng, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. Lau, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, "88 × 3 × 112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50 km of three-mode fiber with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Proc. Eur. Conf. and Exhib. on Optical Commun. (2011).

X. Chen, A. Li, J. Ye, A. Al Amin, W. Shieh, "Reception of dual-LP11-mode CO-OFDM signals through few-mode compatible optical add/drop multiplexer," Proc. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012).

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