Abstract

The next-generation passive optical network stage 2 (NG-PON2) effort was initiated by the full service access network (FSAN) in 2011 to investigate on upcoming technologies enabling a bandwidth increase beyond 10 Gb/s in the optical access network. The FSAN meeting in April 2012 selected the time- and wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) as a primary solution to NG-PON2. In this paper, we summarize the TWDM-PON research in FSAN by reviewing the basics of TWDM-PON and presenting the world's first full-system 40 Gb/s TWDM-PON prototype. After introducing the TWDM-PON architecture, we explore TWDM-PON wavelength plan options to meet the NG-PON2 requirements. TWDM-PON key technologies and their respective level of development are further discussed to investigate its feasibility and availability. The first full-system 40 Gb/s TWDM-PON prototype is demonstrated to provide 40 Gb/s downstream and 10 Gb/s upstream bandwidth. This full prototype system offers 38 dB power budget and supports 20 km distance with a 1:512 split ratio. It coexists with commercially deployed Gigabit PON (G-PON) and 10 Gigabit PON (XG-PON) systems. The operator-vendor joint test results testify that TWDM-PON is achievable by the reuse and integration of commercial devices and components.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. http://www.fsan.org/.
  2. E. Harstead, D. V. Veen, P. Vetter, "Technologies for NGPON2: Why I think 40G TDM PON (XLG-PON) is the clear winner," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Workshop (2012).
  3. 10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): General Requirements ITU-T Recommendation G.987.1 (2010).
  4. Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, F. Effenberger, "Demonstration of a 40 Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012) Post Deadline Paper.
  5. H. K. Lee, H. S. Cho, J. Y. Kim, C. H. Lee, "A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Opt. Exp. 18, 18077-18085 (2010).
  6. K. Grobe, J. P. Elbers, "PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).
  7. X. Hu, L. Zhang, P. Cao, K. Wang, Y. Su, "Energy-efficient WDM-OFDM-PON employing shared OFDM modulation modules in optical line terminal," Opt. Exp. 20, 8071-8077 (2012).
  8. W. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, "Optical orthogonal frequency division multiple access networking for the future internet," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 236-246 (2009).
  9. Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): General Characteristics ITU-T Recommendation G.984.1 (2008).
  10. M. Zhu, S. Xiao, Z. Zhou, W. Guo, L. Yi, H. Chen, J. Shi, W. Hu, "Upstream multi-wavelength shared PON with wavelength-tunable self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  11. D. Liang, M. Fiorentino, S. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, R. G. Beausoleil, "Low threshold electrically-pumped hybrid silicon microring lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1528-1533 (2011).
  12. A. Kato, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Nakagami, "Tunable optical filter with cascaded waveguide Fabry-Pérot resonators featuring liquid crystal cladding," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 282-284 (2012).
  13. R. Murano, W. F. Sharfin, M. J. L. Cahill, "Tunable 2.5 Gb/s receiver for wavelength-agile DWDM-PON," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2008) Post Deadline Paper.
  14. G. W. Yoffe, S. Y. Zou, S. A. Rishton, R. W. Olson, M. A. Emanuel, B. Pezeshki, "Widely-tunable 30 mW laser source with sub-500 kHz linewidth using DFB array," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2008) pp. 892-893.
  15. D. Ton, G. W. Yoffe, J. F. Heanue, M. A. Emanuel, S. Y. Zou, J. Kubicky, B. Pezeshki, E. C. Vail, "2.5-Gb/s modulated widely tunable laser using an electroabsorption modulated DFB array and MEMS selection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1573-1575 (2004).
  16. Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125 Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2026-2028 (2005).
  17. P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. Naughton, A. M. Clarke, H. G. Krimmel, X. Yin, X. Z. Qiu, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "Demonstration of a 32 × 512 Split, 100 km Reach, 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s hybrid DWDM-TDMA PON using tunable external cavity lasers in the ONUs," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3705-3718 (2011).
  18. F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, R. Qu, "Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electrooptic ceramic deflector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296-298 (2011).
  19. J. Zheng, C. Ge, C. J. Wagner, L. Meng, B. T. Cunningham, J. G. Eden, "Optically tunable ring external-cavity laser," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (2011) pp. 644-645.
  20. 10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Transmission Convergence (TC) Specifications ITU-T Recommendation G.987.3 (2010).
  21. P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, C. Brinton, J. Nakagawa, T. Cusick, E. M. Kimber, C. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, M. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, L. Gomez, J. Johnson, A. M. Kanan, J. Lentz, Y. F. Chang, B. P´lsdóttir, T. Tokle, L. Spiekman, "Bi-directionally amplified extended reach 40 Gb/s CWDMTDM PON with burst-mode upstream transmission," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) Post Deadline Paper.

2012 (2)

X. Hu, L. Zhang, P. Cao, K. Wang, Y. Su, "Energy-efficient WDM-OFDM-PON employing shared OFDM modulation modules in optical line terminal," Opt. Exp. 20, 8071-8077 (2012).

A. Kato, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Nakagami, "Tunable optical filter with cascaded waveguide Fabry-Pérot resonators featuring liquid crystal cladding," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 282-284 (2012).

2011 (3)

D. Liang, M. Fiorentino, S. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, R. G. Beausoleil, "Low threshold electrically-pumped hybrid silicon microring lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1528-1533 (2011).

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. Naughton, A. M. Clarke, H. G. Krimmel, X. Yin, X. Z. Qiu, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "Demonstration of a 32 × 512 Split, 100 km Reach, 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s hybrid DWDM-TDMA PON using tunable external cavity lasers in the ONUs," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3705-3718 (2011).

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, R. Qu, "Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electrooptic ceramic deflector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296-298 (2011).

2010 (1)

H. K. Lee, H. S. Cho, J. Y. Kim, C. H. Lee, "A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Opt. Exp. 18, 18077-18085 (2010).

2009 (1)

W. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, "Optical orthogonal frequency division multiple access networking for the future internet," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 236-246 (2009).

2008 (1)

K. Grobe, J. P. Elbers, "PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).

2005 (1)

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125 Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2026-2028 (2005).

2004 (1)

D. Ton, G. W. Yoffe, J. F. Heanue, M. A. Emanuel, S. Y. Zou, J. Kubicky, B. Pezeshki, E. C. Vail, "2.5-Gb/s modulated widely tunable laser using an electroabsorption modulated DFB array and MEMS selection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1573-1575 (2004).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

K. Grobe, J. P. Elbers, "PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, 26-34 (2008).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Liang, M. Fiorentino, S. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, R. G. Beausoleil, "Low threshold electrically-pumped hybrid silicon microring lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 17, 1528-1533 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

F. Wei, Y. Sun, D. Chen, G. Xin, Q. Ye, H. Cai, R. Qu, "Tunable external cavity diode laser with a PLZT electrooptic ceramic deflector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 296-298 (2011).

D. Ton, G. W. Yoffe, J. F. Heanue, M. A. Emanuel, S. Y. Zou, J. Kubicky, B. Pezeshki, E. C. Vail, "2.5-Gb/s modulated widely tunable laser using an electroabsorption modulated DFB array and MEMS selection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1573-1575 (2004).

Y. Liu, A. R. Davies, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uncooled DBR laser directly modulated at 3.125 Gb/s as athermal transmitter for low-cost WDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2026-2028 (2005).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

W. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, "Optical orthogonal frequency division multiple access networking for the future internet," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 236-246 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. Naughton, A. M. Clarke, H. G. Krimmel, X. Yin, X. Z. Qiu, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "Demonstration of a 32 × 512 Split, 100 km Reach, 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s hybrid DWDM-TDMA PON using tunable external cavity lasers in the ONUs," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 3705-3718 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (2)

H. K. Lee, H. S. Cho, J. Y. Kim, C. H. Lee, "A WDM-PON with an 80 Gb/s capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Opt. Exp. 18, 18077-18085 (2010).

X. Hu, L. Zhang, P. Cao, K. Wang, Y. Su, "Energy-efficient WDM-OFDM-PON employing shared OFDM modulation modules in optical line terminal," Opt. Exp. 20, 8071-8077 (2012).

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Kato, K. Nakatsuhara, T. Nakagami, "Tunable optical filter with cascaded waveguide Fabry-Pérot resonators featuring liquid crystal cladding," Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 282-284 (2012).

Other (11)

R. Murano, W. F. Sharfin, M. J. L. Cahill, "Tunable 2.5 Gb/s receiver for wavelength-agile DWDM-PON," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2008) Post Deadline Paper.

G. W. Yoffe, S. Y. Zou, S. A. Rishton, R. W. Olson, M. A. Emanuel, B. Pezeshki, "Widely-tunable 30 mW laser source with sub-500 kHz linewidth using DFB array," Proc. IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2008) pp. 892-893.

J. Zheng, C. Ge, C. J. Wagner, L. Meng, B. T. Cunningham, J. G. Eden, "Optically tunable ring external-cavity laser," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (2011) pp. 644-645.

10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Transmission Convergence (TC) Specifications ITU-T Recommendation G.987.3 (2010).

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, C. Brinton, J. Nakagawa, T. Cusick, E. M. Kimber, C. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, M. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, L. Gomez, J. Johnson, A. M. Kanan, J. Lentz, Y. F. Chang, B. P´lsdóttir, T. Tokle, L. Spiekman, "Bi-directionally amplified extended reach 40 Gb/s CWDMTDM PON with burst-mode upstream transmission," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) Post Deadline Paper.

Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON): General Characteristics ITU-T Recommendation G.984.1 (2008).

M. Zhu, S. Xiao, Z. Zhou, W. Guo, L. Yi, H. Chen, J. Shi, W. Hu, "Upstream multi-wavelength shared PON with wavelength-tunable self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2011) pp. 1-3.

http://www.fsan.org/.

E. Harstead, D. V. Veen, P. Vetter, "Technologies for NGPON2: Why I think 40G TDM PON (XLG-PON) is the clear winner," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Workshop (2012).

10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): General Requirements ITU-T Recommendation G.987.1 (2010).

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, F. Effenberger, "Demonstration of a 40 Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2012) Post Deadline Paper.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.