Abstract

We show how multiple optimal orthogonal channels for communicating or interconnecting with waves between two objects can be aligned and optimized automatically using controllable beamsplitters, detectors and simple local feedback loops, without moving parts, without device calibration, without fundamental beam splitting loss, and without calculations. Optical applications include multiple simultaneous orthogonal spatial communication channels in free space or multimode optical fibers, automatically focused power delivery with waves, multiple channel communication through scattering or lossy media, and real-time-optimized focused channels to and from multiple moving objects. The approach physically implements automatic singular value decomposition of the wave coupling between the objects, and is equivalent in its effect to the beam forming in a laser resonator with phase-conjugate mirrors with the additional benefits of allowing multiple orthogonal channels to be formed simultaneously and avoiding the need for any nonlinear optical materials.

© 2013 IEEE

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2013 (4)

D. A. B. Miller, "Self-aligning universal beam coupler," Opt. Exp. 21, 6360-6370 (2013).

T. K. Chan, M. Megens, B.-W. Yoo, J. Wyras, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, M. C. Wu, D. A. Horsley, "Optical beamsteering using an 8 × 8 MEMS phased array with closed-loop interferometric phase control," Opt. Exp. 21, 2807-2815 (2013).

D. A. B. Miller, "How complicated must an optical component be? ," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 238 -251 (2013).

D. A. B. Miller, "Self-configuring universal linear optical component ," Photon. Res. 1, 1-15 (2013).

2012 (5)

D. A. B. Miller, "All linear optical devices are mode converters ," Opt. Exp. 20, 23985-23993 (2012).

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. G. Leon-Saval, "Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 20, 27123-27132 (2012).

R. N. Mahalati, D. Askarov, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Kahn, "Adaptive control of input field to achieve desired output intensity profile in multimode fiber with random mode coupling," Opt. Exp. 20, 14321-14337 (2012).

A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, M. Fink, "Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media ," Nature Photon. 6, 283-292 (2012).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, Jr."Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30 , 521-531 (2012).

2011 (1)

R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, J. Bland-Hawthorn, "Ultrafast laser inscription of an integrated photonic lantern," Opt. Exp. 19, 5698-5705 (2011).

2010 (1)

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, "Measuring the transmission matrix in optics: An approach to the study and control of light propagation in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).

2009 (1)

D. Noordegraaf, P. M. Skovgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Bland-Hawthorn, "Efficient multi-mode to single-mode coupling in a photonic lantern," Opt. Exp. 17, 1988 -1994 (2009).

2008 (1)

F. Vignon, M. R. Burcher, "Capon beamforming in medical ultrasound imaging with focused beams," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 55, 619-628 (2008).

2006 (1)

L. Hanlen, M. Fu, " Wireless communication systems with-spatial diversity: A volumetric model," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 133- 142 (2006).

2004 (1)

A. S. Kuzhelev, A. E. Dudelzak, M. Maszkiewicz, D. Gratton, L. Hotte, "Optical communications between moving transceivers using double phase-conjugate beam tracking ," Proc. SPIE 5577, 636-647 (2004).

2003 (1)

D. P. Palomar, J. M. Cioffi, M. A. Lagunas, "Joint Tx-Rx beamforming design for multicarrier MIMO channels: A unified framework for convex optimization," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 51, 2381- 2401 (2003).

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

G. J. Foschini, M. J. Gans, "On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas ," Wireless Pers. Commun. 6, 311 -335 (1998).

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

1982 (1)

P. Günter, "Holography, coherent light amplification and optical phase conjugation with photorefractive materials," Phys. Reports 193 , 199-299 (1982).

1978 (1)

A. Yariv, "Phase conjugate optics and real-time holography," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650-660 (1978).

1929 (1)

R. von Mises, H. Pollaczek-Geiringer, "Praktische verfahren der gleichungsauflösung," ZAMM—Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik 9, 152-164 (1929).

IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control (1)

F. Vignon, M. R. Burcher, "Capon beamforming in medical ultrasound imaging with focused beams," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 55, 619-628 (2008).

ZAMM—Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik (1)

R. von Mises, H. Pollaczek-Geiringer, "Praktische verfahren der gleichungsauflösung," ZAMM—Zeitschrift für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik 9, 152-164 (1929).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yariv, "Phase conjugate optics and real-time holography," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650-660 (1978).

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

D. P. Palomar, J. M. Cioffi, M. A. Lagunas, "Joint Tx-Rx beamforming design for multicarrier MIMO channels: A unified framework for convex optimization," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 51, 2381- 2401 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

L. Hanlen, M. Fu, " Wireless communication systems with-spatial diversity: A volumetric model," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 133- 142 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

E. J. Bond, X. Li, S. C. Hagness, B. D. Van Veen, "Microwave imaging via space-time beamforming for early detection of breast cancer," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 1690-1705 (2003 ).

Inverse Problems (1)

M. Bertoro, C. De Mol, E. R. Pike, "Linear inverse problems with discrete data—Part I: General formulation and singular system analysis," Inverse Problems 1, 301-330 (1985 ).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, Jr."Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6 × 6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30 , 521-531 (2012).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

D. A. B. Miller, "How complicated must an optical component be? ," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 30, 238 -251 (2013).

Lab Chip (1)

S. Bianchi, R. Di Leonardo, "A multi-mode fiber probe for holographic micromanipulation and microscopy," Lab Chip 12, 635 (2012 ).

Nature Photon. (1)

A. P. Mosk, A. Lagendijk, G. Lerosey, M. Fink, "Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media ," Nature Photon. 6, 283-292 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (1)

R. R. Thomson, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. K. Kar, J. Bland-Hawthorn, "Ultrafast laser inscription of an integrated photonic lantern," Opt. Exp. 19, 5698-5705 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (1)

T. Čižmár, K. Dholakia, "Shaping the light transmission through a multimode optical fibre: Complex transformation analysis and applications in biophotonics," Opt. Exp. 19, 18871-18884 ( 2011).

Opt. Exp. (6)

R. N. Mahalati, D. Askarov, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Kahn, "Adaptive control of input field to achieve desired output intensity profile in multimode fiber with random mode coupling," Opt. Exp. 20, 14321-14337 (2012).

D. A. B. Miller, "All linear optical devices are mode converters ," Opt. Exp. 20, 23985-23993 (2012).

N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, S. G. Leon-Saval, "Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing," Opt. Exp. 20, 27123-27132 (2012).

D. A. B. Miller, "Self-aligning universal beam coupler," Opt. Exp. 21, 6360-6370 (2013).

T. K. Chan, M. Megens, B.-W. Yoo, J. Wyras, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, M. C. Wu, D. A. Horsley, "Optical beamsteering using an 8 × 8 MEMS phased array with closed-loop interferometric phase control," Opt. Exp. 21, 2807-2815 (2013).

D. Noordegraaf, P. M. Skovgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Bland-Hawthorn, "Efficient multi-mode to single-mode coupling in a photonic lantern," Opt. Exp. 17, 1988 -1994 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Reports (1)

P. Günter, "Holography, coherent light amplification and optical phase conjugation with photorefractive materials," Phys. Reports 193 , 199-299 (1982).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, "Measuring the transmission matrix in optics: An approach to the study and control of light propagation in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010).

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. S. Kuzhelev, A. E. Dudelzak, M. Maszkiewicz, D. Gratton, L. Hotte, "Optical communications between moving transceivers using double phase-conjugate beam tracking ," Proc. SPIE 5577, 636-647 (2004).

Wireless Pers. Commun. (1)

G. J. Foschini, M. J. Gans, "On limits of wireless communications in a fading environment when using multiple antennas ," Wireless Pers. Commun. 6, 311 -335 (1998).

Other (2)

C.-N. Chuah, J. M. Kahn, D. Tse, "Capacity of multi-antenna array systems in indoor wireless environment," Proc. Globecom 1998 (1998) pp. 1894-1899.

Handbook of RF/Microwave Components and Engineering (Wiley, 2003).

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