Abstract

In order to improve transmission efficiency of optical-fiber communication system for hybrid 10 G/40 G system presently, and hybrid 40 G/100 G system in the future, a planar lightwave circuit-based optical interleaver with arbitrary passband width ratio is proposed and investigated, which is based on hybrid structure of microring and Mach–Zehnder interferometer and offers the advantages of compactness, ruggedness, and better compatibility with other integrated optical circuits. Most importantly, the interleaver we proposed can realize the 3-dB passband width ratio between two output ports from equal to any unequal proportion just by adjusting coupling coefficients of couplers involved. The simulation results of symmetrical and asymmetrical output spectra are presented and all of them are with a channel isolation more than 45 dB and a flat-top passband. Furthermore, the effects of some key parameters on the characteristics of output spectra are also analyzed.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. B. Shine, J. Bautista, "Interleavers make high-channel-count system economical," Lightwave 8, 140-144 (2000).
  2. S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K. Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).
  3. M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Courto, L. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, "Field trial of a real-time, single wavelength, coherent 100 Gbit/s PM-QPSK channel upgrade of an installed 1800 km link," Proc. OFC (2010).
  4. T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, B. Basch, S. Kotral, W. Lee, T. Tajima, K. Fukuchi, "End-to-end native IP data 100G single carrier real time DSP coherent detection transport over 1520 km field deployed fiber," Proc. OFC (2010).
  5. N. J. Philip, A. Dogariu, L. Xu, L. Zong, T. Wang, O. Matsuda, Y. J. Abe, "Optical tunable asymmetric interleaver," Proc. OFC (2006).
  6. N. J. Philip, J. J. Yu, G. D. Peng, T. Wang, "Passband optimization for hybrid 40 G/100 G system using tunable asymmetric interleaver," Proc. ECOC (2010).
  7. P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).
  8. T. Mizuno, Y. Hida, T. Kitoh, M. Kohtoku, M. Oguma, Y. Inoue, Y. Hibino, "12.5-GHz spacing compact and low-loss interleave filter using 1.5% Δ silica-based waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2484-2486 (2004).
  9. M. Gad, J. Ackert, D. Yevick, L. Chrostowski, P. E. Jessop, "Ring resonator wavelength division multiplexing interleaver," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2102-2108 (2011).
  10. C. H. Hsieh, C. W. Lee, S. Y. Huang, R. Wang, P. Yeh, W. H. Cheng, "Flat-top and low-dispersion interleavers using Gires–Tournois etalons as phase dispersive mirrors in a Michelson interferometer," Opt. Commun 237, 285-293 (2004).
  11. S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delâge, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, P. Muthukumaran, M. Pearsom, "Novel architecture for design of planar lightwave interleavers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1435-1440 (2005).
  12. Z. P. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, Y. J. Chen, "A high-performance ulrtacompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072-1074 (2007).
  13. C.-H. Cheng, "Asymmetrical interleaver structure based on the modified Michelson interferometer," Opt. Eng 44, 115003 (2005).
  14. J. Zhang, X. W. Yang, "Universal Michelson Gires–Tournois interferometer optical interleaver based on digital signal processing," Opt. Exp. 18, 5075-5088 (2010).
  15. H. W. Lu, Y. Wei, B. G. Zhang, K. J. Wu, G. W. Luo, "Study of all-fiber asymmetric interleaver based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Commun. 285, 1118-1122 (2012).
  16. S. Wu, L. Chena, J. Fan, S. Cao, "Asymmetric optical interleavers filter," Acta Opt. Sin. 28, 31-35 (2008).
  17. W. Y. Chan, K. X. Chen, H. P. Chan, B. P. Pal, R. K. Varshney, "A flattop PLC polymer waveguide interleaver based on folded two-stage-cascaded Y-junction Mach–Zehnder interferometers," Opt. Commun. 282, 883-886 (2009).

2012 (1)

H. W. Lu, Y. Wei, B. G. Zhang, K. J. Wu, G. W. Luo, "Study of all-fiber asymmetric interleaver based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Commun. 285, 1118-1122 (2012).

2011 (1)

M. Gad, J. Ackert, D. Yevick, L. Chrostowski, P. E. Jessop, "Ring resonator wavelength division multiplexing interleaver," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2102-2108 (2011).

2010 (1)

J. Zhang, X. W. Yang, "Universal Michelson Gires–Tournois interferometer optical interleaver based on digital signal processing," Opt. Exp. 18, 5075-5088 (2010).

2009 (1)

W. Y. Chan, K. X. Chen, H. P. Chan, B. P. Pal, R. K. Varshney, "A flattop PLC polymer waveguide interleaver based on folded two-stage-cascaded Y-junction Mach–Zehnder interferometers," Opt. Commun. 282, 883-886 (2009).

2008 (1)

S. Wu, L. Chena, J. Fan, S. Cao, "Asymmetric optical interleavers filter," Acta Opt. Sin. 28, 31-35 (2008).

2007 (1)

Z. P. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, Y. J. Chen, "A high-performance ulrtacompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072-1074 (2007).

2006 (1)

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

2005 (2)

C.-H. Cheng, "Asymmetrical interleaver structure based on the modified Michelson interferometer," Opt. Eng 44, 115003 (2005).

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delâge, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, P. Muthukumaran, M. Pearsom, "Novel architecture for design of planar lightwave interleavers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1435-1440 (2005).

2004 (3)

C. H. Hsieh, C. W. Lee, S. Y. Huang, R. Wang, P. Yeh, W. H. Cheng, "Flat-top and low-dispersion interleavers using Gires–Tournois etalons as phase dispersive mirrors in a Michelson interferometer," Opt. Commun 237, 285-293 (2004).

T. Mizuno, Y. Hida, T. Kitoh, M. Kohtoku, M. Oguma, Y. Inoue, Y. Hibino, "12.5-GHz spacing compact and low-loss interleave filter using 1.5% Δ silica-based waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2484-2486 (2004).

S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K. Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).

2000 (1)

B. Shine, J. Bautista, "Interleavers make high-channel-count system economical," Lightwave 8, 140-144 (2000).

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

S. Wu, L. Chena, J. Fan, S. Cao, "Asymmetric optical interleavers filter," Acta Opt. Sin. 28, 31-35 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Z. P. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, Y. J. Chen, "A high-performance ulrtacompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072-1074 (2007).

T. Mizuno, Y. Hida, T. Kitoh, M. Kohtoku, M. Oguma, Y. Inoue, Y. Hibino, "12.5-GHz spacing compact and low-loss interleave filter using 1.5% Δ silica-based waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2484-2486 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

M. Gad, J. Ackert, D. Yevick, L. Chrostowski, P. E. Jessop, "Ring resonator wavelength division multiplexing interleaver," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2102-2108 (2011).

P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Advanced modulation formats for high-capacity optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4711-4728 (2006).

S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K. Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).

S. Bidnyk, A. Balakrishnan, A. Delâge, M. Gao, P. A. Krug, P. Muthukumaran, M. Pearsom, "Novel architecture for design of planar lightwave interleavers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1435-1440 (2005).

Lightwave (1)

B. Shine, J. Bautista, "Interleavers make high-channel-count system economical," Lightwave 8, 140-144 (2000).

Opt. Commun (1)

C. H. Hsieh, C. W. Lee, S. Y. Huang, R. Wang, P. Yeh, W. H. Cheng, "Flat-top and low-dispersion interleavers using Gires–Tournois etalons as phase dispersive mirrors in a Michelson interferometer," Opt. Commun 237, 285-293 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. W. Lu, Y. Wei, B. G. Zhang, K. J. Wu, G. W. Luo, "Study of all-fiber asymmetric interleaver based on Mach–Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Commun. 285, 1118-1122 (2012).

W. Y. Chan, K. X. Chen, H. P. Chan, B. P. Pal, R. K. Varshney, "A flattop PLC polymer waveguide interleaver based on folded two-stage-cascaded Y-junction Mach–Zehnder interferometers," Opt. Commun. 282, 883-886 (2009).

Opt. Eng (1)

C.-H. Cheng, "Asymmetrical interleaver structure based on the modified Michelson interferometer," Opt. Eng 44, 115003 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Zhang, X. W. Yang, "Universal Michelson Gires–Tournois interferometer optical interleaver based on digital signal processing," Opt. Exp. 18, 5075-5088 (2010).

Other (4)

M. Birk, P. Gerard, R. Courto, L. Nelson, X. Zhou, P. Magill, "Field trial of a real-time, single wavelength, coherent 100 Gbit/s PM-QPSK channel upgrade of an installed 1800 km link," Proc. OFC (2010).

T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, B. Basch, S. Kotral, W. Lee, T. Tajima, K. Fukuchi, "End-to-end native IP data 100G single carrier real time DSP coherent detection transport over 1520 km field deployed fiber," Proc. OFC (2010).

N. J. Philip, A. Dogariu, L. Xu, L. Zong, T. Wang, O. Matsuda, Y. J. Abe, "Optical tunable asymmetric interleaver," Proc. OFC (2006).

N. J. Philip, J. J. Yu, G. D. Peng, T. Wang, "Passband optimization for hybrid 40 G/100 G system using tunable asymmetric interleaver," Proc. ECOC (2010).

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