Abstract

Graphene with zero-band gap can be easily saturated under strong excitation due to Pauli blocking. In this work, the graphene oxide membrane is reduced on the surface of microfiber by use of high temperature heating. Such reduced graphene oxide can interact with the strong evanescent field of the microfiber and enable saturable absorption in passively mode-locked fiber laser. The system can be effectively utilized to directly generate ultra-wide-band doublet pulses for high-capacity wireless communication applications.

© 2012 IEEE

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  17. J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, J. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation with flexible pulse shape and polarity control using a Sagnac-interferometer-based intensity modulator," Opt. Expr. 15, 18156-18161 (2007).
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  22. W. S. Hummers, R. E. Offeman, "Preparation of graphitic oxide," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 1339-1339 (1958).
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  24. Y. Jung, G. Brambilla, K. Oh, D. J. Richardson, "Highly birefringent silica microfiber," Opt. Lett. 35, 378-380 (2010).
  25. B. A. Ruzicka, L. K. Werake, H. Zhao, S. Wang, K. P. Loh, "Femtosecond pump-probe studies of reduced graphene oxide thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 173106 (2010).
  26. J. Shang, Z. Luo, C. Cong, J. Lin, T. Yu, G. G. Gurzadyan, "Femtosecond UV-pump/visible-probe measurements of carrier dynamics in stacked graphene films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 163103 (2010).
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  30. M. Salhi, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A. 67, 013802 (2003).

2011 (1)

H. Kim, J. Cho, S. Y. Jang, Y. W. Song, "Deformation-immunized optical deposition of graphene for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021104 (2011).

2010 (8)

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Graphene mode locked, wavelength tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, J. Yang, S. Wang, D. Tang, R. Jose, S. Ramakrishna, C. T. Lim, K. P. Loh, "Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 782-789 (2010).

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, M. K. Bae, "Graphene mode-lockers fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051122 (2010).

T.-H. Wu, J. P. Wu, Y.-J. Chiu, "Novel ultra-wideband (UWB) photonic generation through photodetection and cross-absorption modulation in a single electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Expr. 18, 3379-3384 (2010).

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. R. Kelleher, J. V. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, "A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene mode-locked, ultrafast laser," Nano Res. 3, 653-660 (2010).

Y. Jung, G. Brambilla, K. Oh, D. J. Richardson, "Highly birefringent silica microfiber," Opt. Lett. 35, 378-380 (2010).

B. A. Ruzicka, L. K. Werake, H. Zhao, S. Wang, K. P. Loh, "Femtosecond pump-probe studies of reduced graphene oxide thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 173106 (2010).

J. Shang, Z. Luo, C. Cong, J. Lin, T. Yu, G. G. Gurzadyan, "Femtosecond UV-pump/visible-probe measurements of carrier dynamics in stacked graphene films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 163103 (2010).

2009 (5)

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene," Opt. Expr. 17, 17630-17635 (2009).

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, "Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics," Adv. Mater. 21, 3874-3899 (2009).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, "Deposition of carbon nanotubes around microfiber via evanescent light," Opt. Expr. 17, 18364-18370 (2009).

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser," ACS Nano 4, 803-810 (2009).

2008 (2)

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, "Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene," Nano Lett. 8, 4248-4251 (2008).

D. Sun, Z. K. Wu, C. Divin, X. B. Li, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris, "Ultrafast relaxation of excited dirac fermions in epitaxial graphene using optical diferential transmission spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 157402 (2008).

2007 (1)

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, J. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation with flexible pulse shape and polarity control using a Sagnac-interferometer-based intensity modulator," Opt. Expr. 15, 18156-18161 (2007).

2006 (4)

F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

Y. Jung, S. R. Han, S. Kim, U. C. Peak, K. Oh, "Versatile control of geometric birefringence in elliptical hollow optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 2681-2683 (2006).

Q. Wang, J. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).

Q. Wang, F. Zeng, S. Blais, J. Yao, "Optical ultrawideband monocycle pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 3083-3085 (2006).

2004 (1)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, "Utrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron 10, 137-146 (2004).

2003 (3)

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A. 67, 013802 (2003).

2000 (1)

E. Garmire, "Resonant optical nonlinearities in semiconductors," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1094-1110 (2000).

1999 (1)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: Pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 186, 1507-1512 (1999).

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).

1958 (1)

W. S. Hummers, R. E. Offeman, "Preparation of graphitic oxide," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 1339-1339 (1958).

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser," ACS Nano 4, 803-810 (2009).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, J. Yang, S. Wang, D. Tang, R. Jose, S. Ramakrishna, C. T. Lim, K. P. Loh, "Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 782-789 (2010).

Adv. Mater. (1)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, "Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics," Adv. Mater. 21, 3874-3899 (2009).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 277-294 (1997).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

B. A. Ruzicka, L. K. Werake, H. Zhao, S. Wang, K. P. Loh, "Femtosecond pump-probe studies of reduced graphene oxide thin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 173106 (2010).

J. Shang, Z. Luo, C. Cong, J. Lin, T. Yu, G. G. Gurzadyan, "Femtosecond UV-pump/visible-probe measurements of carrier dynamics in stacked graphene films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 163103 (2010).

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141103 (2009).

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, M. K. Bae, "Graphene mode-lockers fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051122 (2010).

H. Kim, J. Cho, S. Y. Jang, Y. W. Song, "Deformation-immunized optical deposition of graphene for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 021104 (2011).

H. Zhang, D. Tang, R. J. Knize, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Graphene mode locked, wavelength tunable, dissipative soliton fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111112 (2010).

Electron. Lett. (1)

Q. Wang, J. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron (1)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, "Utrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quant. Electron 10, 137-146 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Garmire, "Resonant optical nonlinearities in semiconductors," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 1094-1110 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Ultrawideband impulse radio signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and a fiber-Bragg-grating-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

W. S. Hummers, R. E. Offeman, "Preparation of graphitic oxide," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 1339-1339 (1958).

Nano Lett. (1)

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, "Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene," Nano Lett. 8, 4248-4251 (2008).

Nano Res. (1)

Z. Sun, D. Popa, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, E. J. R. Kelleher, J. V. Travers, V. Nicolosi, A. C. Ferrari, "A stable, wideband tunable, near transform-limited, graphene mode-locked, ultrafast laser," Nano Res. 3, 653-660 (2010).

Nature (2)

U. Keller, "Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers," Nature 424, 831-838 (2003).

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).

Opt. Expr. (4)

T.-H. Wu, J. P. Wu, Y.-J. Chiu, "Novel ultra-wideband (UWB) photonic generation through photodetection and cross-absorption modulation in a single electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Expr. 18, 3379-3384 (2010).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, "Deposition of carbon nanotubes around microfiber via evanescent light," Opt. Expr. 17, 18364-18370 (2009).

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene," Opt. Expr. 17, 17630-17635 (2009).

J. Li, K. Xu, S. Fu, J. Wu, J. Lin, M. Tang, P. Shum, "Ultra-wideband pulse generation with flexible pulse shape and polarity control using a Sagnac-interferometer-based intensity modulator," Opt. Expr. 15, 18156-18161 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, F. Sanchez, "Theoretical study of the erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation," Phys. Rev. A. 67, 013802 (2003).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Sun, Z. K. Wu, C. Divin, X. B. Li, C. Berger, W. A. de Heer, P. N. First, T. B. Norris, "Ultrafast relaxation of excited dirac fermions in epitaxial graphene using optical diferential transmission spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 157402 (2008).

Science (1)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: Pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 186, 1507-1512 (1999).

Other (1)

E. Garmine, Nonlinear Optics in Semiconductor (Academic, 1999).

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