Abstract

Radio-on-free space optical (RoFSO) communication systems are gaining popularity because of their ability to transmit simultaneously multiple radio frequency signals comprised of various wireless services over FSO links using wavelength division multiplexing technology. We propose a new approach of use of the RoFSO technology for high-speed indoor communication systems and introduce an analytical model for the transmission of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing-based signals over a line-of-sight link with diverged Gaussian beam. We have analyzed the laser safety restrictions for the proposed system and derived a closed-form bit-error probability, taking into account the ambient noise and laser diode nonlinear distortion. Simulation results are shown and the system performance is discussed.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. A. Bekkali, C. B. Naila, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, "Transmission analysis of OFDM-based wireless services over turbulent radio-on-FSO links modeled by gamma-gamma distribution," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 510-520 (2010).
  2. R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, D. Richards, "Subcarrier multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 417-427 (2002).
  3. J. M. Cioffi, "A multicarrier primer," ANSI Contribution T1E1 4/91-157 Boca RatonFL (1991).
  4. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).
  5. H. Al-Raweshidy, S. Komaki, Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks (Artech House, 2002).
  6. R. V. Nee, R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, 2000).
  7. S. K. Hashemi, Z. Ghassemlooy, L. Chao, D. Benhaddou, "Channel estimation for indoor diffuse optical OFDM wireless communications," Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Broadband Commun., Netw. Syst. (2008) pp. 431-434.
  8. S. K. Hashemi, Z. Ghassemlooy, L. Chao, D. Benhaddou, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for indoor optical wireless communications using visible light LEDs," Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Commun. Syst., Netw. Digital Signal Process. (2008) pp. 174-178.
  9. O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, A. Ayala, "OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).
  10. H. Wang, K. Jia, "An orthogonal space-time block code with Q-PPM modulation," Proc. 2010 Int. Conf. Comput. Appl. Syst. Model. (2010) pp. V9-111-V9-115.
  11. B. Naila, A. Bekkali, K. Kazaura, M. Matsumoto, "BPSK intensity modulated free-space optical communications using aperture averaging," Proc. Int. Conf. Photon. (2010) pp. 1-5.
  12. N. Letzepis, A. G. Fabregas, "Outage probability of the MIMO Gaussian free-space optical channel with PPM," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (2008) pp. 2649-2653.
  13. D. R. Kolev, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, T. Kubo, T. Yamada, N. Yoshimoto, "Gigabit indoor laser communication system for a mobile user with MEMS mirrors and image sensors," presented at the Int. Workshop Opt. Wireless Commun. PisaItaly (2012).
  14. A. Bekkali, P. T. Dat, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, "Performance evaluation of an advanced DWDM RoFSO system for transmitting multiple RF signals," IEICE Trans. Fund. Electron., Commun. Comput. Sci. E92-A, 2697-2705 (2009).
  15. M. F. Jensen, U. Krühne, L. H. Christensen, O. Geschke, "Refractive microlenses produced by excimer laser radiation of poly (methyl methacrylate)," J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 91-97 (2005).
  16. J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, W. J. Krause, E. A. Lee, D. G. Messerschmitt, "Simulation of multipath impulse response for indoor wireless optical channels," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 367-379 (1993).
  17. L. Jiang, W. Noonpakdee, H. Takano, S. Shimamoto, "Evaluation of reflected light effect for indoor wireless optical CDMA system," Proc. IEEE Wireless Commun. Netw. Conf. (2011) pp. 1688-1693.
  18. Z. Ghassemlooy, A. R. Hayes, B. Wilson, "Reducing the effects of intersymbol interference in diffuse DPIM optical wireless communications," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 150, 445-452 (2003).
  19. A. C. Boucouvalas, "Indoor ambient light noise and its effect on wireless optical links," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 143, 334-338 (1996).
  20. A. J. C. Moreira, R. T. Valadas, A. M. de Oliveira Duarte, "Optical interference produced by artificial light," Wireless Netw. 3, 131-140 (1997).
  21. F. R. Gfeller, U. Bapst, "Wireless in-house data communication via diffuse infrared radiation," Proc. IEEE 67, 1474-1486 (1979).
  22. R. R. Ingues, S. M. Idrus, Z. Sun, Optical Wireless Communications: IR for Wireless Connectivity (CRC Press, 2008).

2010

A. Bekkali, C. B. Naila, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, "Transmission analysis of OFDM-based wireless services over turbulent radio-on-FSO links modeled by gamma-gamma distribution," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 510-520 (2010).

2009

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

A. Bekkali, P. T. Dat, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, "Performance evaluation of an advanced DWDM RoFSO system for transmitting multiple RF signals," IEICE Trans. Fund. Electron., Commun. Comput. Sci. E92-A, 2697-2705 (2009).

2005

M. F. Jensen, U. Krühne, L. H. Christensen, O. Geschke, "Refractive microlenses produced by excimer laser radiation of poly (methyl methacrylate)," J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 91-97 (2005).

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, A. Ayala, "OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).

2003

Z. Ghassemlooy, A. R. Hayes, B. Wilson, "Reducing the effects of intersymbol interference in diffuse DPIM optical wireless communications," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 150, 445-452 (2003).

2002

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, D. Richards, "Subcarrier multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 417-427 (2002).

1997

A. J. C. Moreira, R. T. Valadas, A. M. de Oliveira Duarte, "Optical interference produced by artificial light," Wireless Netw. 3, 131-140 (1997).

1996

A. C. Boucouvalas, "Indoor ambient light noise and its effect on wireless optical links," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 143, 334-338 (1996).

1993

J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, W. J. Krause, E. A. Lee, D. G. Messerschmitt, "Simulation of multipath impulse response for indoor wireless optical channels," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 367-379 (1993).

1979

F. R. Gfeller, U. Bapst, "Wireless in-house data communication via diffuse infrared radiation," Proc. IEEE 67, 1474-1486 (1979).

IEE Proc.—Optoelectron.

A. C. Boucouvalas, "Indoor ambient light noise and its effect on wireless optical links," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 143, 334-338 (1996).

IEE Proc.—Optoelectron.

O. Gonzalez, R. Perez-Jimenez, S. Rodriguez, J. Rabadan, A. Ayala, "OFDM over indoor wireless optical channel," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 152, 199-204 (2005).

Z. Ghassemlooy, A. R. Hayes, B. Wilson, "Reducing the effects of intersymbol interference in diffuse DPIM optical wireless communications," IEE Proc.—Optoelectron. 150, 445-452 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, W. J. Krause, E. A. Lee, D. G. Messerschmitt, "Simulation of multipath impulse response for indoor wireless optical channels," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 11, 367-379 (1993).

IEEE Photon. J.

A. Bekkali, C. B. Naila, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, "Transmission analysis of OFDM-based wireless services over turbulent radio-on-FSO links modeled by gamma-gamma distribution," IEEE Photon. J. 2, 510-520 (2010).

IEICE Trans. Fund. Electron., Commun. Comput. Sci.

A. Bekkali, P. T. Dat, K. Kazaura, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, "Performance evaluation of an advanced DWDM RoFSO system for transmitting multiple RF signals," IEICE Trans. Fund. Electron., Commun. Comput. Sci. E92-A, 2697-2705 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, D. Richards, "Subcarrier multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 417-427 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

J. Micromech. Microeng.

M. F. Jensen, U. Krühne, L. H. Christensen, O. Geschke, "Refractive microlenses produced by excimer laser radiation of poly (methyl methacrylate)," J. Micromech. Microeng. 15, 91-97 (2005).

Proc. IEEE

F. R. Gfeller, U. Bapst, "Wireless in-house data communication via diffuse infrared radiation," Proc. IEEE 67, 1474-1486 (1979).

Wireless Netw.

A. J. C. Moreira, R. T. Valadas, A. M. de Oliveira Duarte, "Optical interference produced by artificial light," Wireless Netw. 3, 131-140 (1997).

Other

L. Jiang, W. Noonpakdee, H. Takano, S. Shimamoto, "Evaluation of reflected light effect for indoor wireless optical CDMA system," Proc. IEEE Wireless Commun. Netw. Conf. (2011) pp. 1688-1693.

J. M. Cioffi, "A multicarrier primer," ANSI Contribution T1E1 4/91-157 Boca RatonFL (1991).

H. Al-Raweshidy, S. Komaki, Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communications Networks (Artech House, 2002).

R. V. Nee, R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, 2000).

S. K. Hashemi, Z. Ghassemlooy, L. Chao, D. Benhaddou, "Channel estimation for indoor diffuse optical OFDM wireless communications," Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Broadband Commun., Netw. Syst. (2008) pp. 431-434.

S. K. Hashemi, Z. Ghassemlooy, L. Chao, D. Benhaddou, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for indoor optical wireless communications using visible light LEDs," Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Commun. Syst., Netw. Digital Signal Process. (2008) pp. 174-178.

H. Wang, K. Jia, "An orthogonal space-time block code with Q-PPM modulation," Proc. 2010 Int. Conf. Comput. Appl. Syst. Model. (2010) pp. V9-111-V9-115.

B. Naila, A. Bekkali, K. Kazaura, M. Matsumoto, "BPSK intensity modulated free-space optical communications using aperture averaging," Proc. Int. Conf. Photon. (2010) pp. 1-5.

N. Letzepis, A. G. Fabregas, "Outage probability of the MIMO Gaussian free-space optical channel with PPM," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (2008) pp. 2649-2653.

D. R. Kolev, K. Wakamori, M. Matsumoto, T. Kubo, T. Yamada, N. Yoshimoto, "Gigabit indoor laser communication system for a mobile user with MEMS mirrors and image sensors," presented at the Int. Workshop Opt. Wireless Commun. PisaItaly (2012).

R. R. Ingues, S. M. Idrus, Z. Sun, Optical Wireless Communications: IR for Wireless Connectivity (CRC Press, 2008).

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