Abstract

A new photonic microwave phase shifter that can achieve a full 360° phase shift with very little RF signal amplitude variation, and which can operate over very wide frequency range, is presented. It is based on controlling the amplitude and phase of the optical carrier and the two RF modulation sidebands via the dc bias voltages to a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator (DPMZM). It has a simple structure, only requiring a single laser, modulator, and photodetector. A continuous 360° RF phase shift without changes in the RF signal amplitude is obtained by controlling the dc bias voltages of the DPMZM. Experimental results demonstrate a very wideband operation of the RF phase shifter over an 8:1 frequency range from 2 to 16 GHz, a continuous 0–360° RF phase shift with very low amplitude variation of < 3 dB of over the entire frequency band, and with a phase deviation standard deviation of < 2°.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (1)

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, R. A. Minasian, "Photonic beamforming based on programmable phase shifters with amplitude and phase control," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286-1288 (2011).

2010 (2)

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Mork, "Wideband 360° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifers," Opt. Exp. 18, 6156-6163 (2010).

P. Qu, J. Zhou, W. Chen, F. Li, H. Li, C. Liu, S. Ruan, W. Dong, "Analysis and design of tunable wideband microwave photonics phase shifter based on Fabry-Perot cavity and Bragg mirrors in silicon-on-insulator waveguide," App. Opt. 49, 2391-2396 (2010).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

W. Xue, F. Ohman, S. Blaaberg, Y. Chen, S. Sales, J. Mork, "Broadband microwave photonic phase shifter based on polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 44, 684-685 (2008).

2007 (2)

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase and frequency by use of electro-optic effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-91 (2007).

Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, Z. Li, Q. Wang, W. Kuang, T. H. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Photonic microwave phase shifter/modulator based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror incorporating a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Lett. 32, 745-747 (2007).

2006 (4)

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

M. R. Fisher, S. L. Chuang, "A microwave photonic phase-shifter based on wavelength conversion in a DFB laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714-1716 (2006).

E. H. W. Chan, R. A. Minasian, "Photonic RF phase shifter and tunable photonic RF notch filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2676-2682 (2006).

A. Loayssa, F. J. Lahoz, "Broad-band RF photonic phase shifter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering and single-sideband modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208-210 (2006).

2003 (2)

J. Han, B. J. Seo, S. K. Kim, H. Zhang, H. R. Fetterman, "Single-chip integrated electro-optic polymer photonic RF phase shifter array," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3257-3261 (2003).

N. A. Riza, S. A. Khan, M. A. Arain, "Flexible beamforming for optically controlled phased array antenna," Opt. Commun. 227, 301-310 (2003).

2001 (1)

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).

2000 (1)

C. F. Campbell, S. A. Brown, "A compact 5-bit phase-shifter MMIC for K-band satellite communication systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 48, 2652-2656 (2000).

1999 (1)

S. S. Lee, A. H. Udupa, H. Erlig, H. Zhang, Y. Chang, C. Zhang, D. H. Chang, D. Bhattacharya, B. Tsap, W. H. Steier, L. R. Dalton, H. R. Fetterman, "Demonstration of a photonically controlled RF phase shifter," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 9, 357-359 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Y. Frankel, P. J. Matthews, R. D. Esman, L. Goldberg, "Practical optical beamforming networks," Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 1033-1050 (1998).

1997 (1)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, "A wide-band microwave photonic phase and frequency shifter," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1003-1006 (1997).

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

E. Ackerman, S. Wanuga, D. Kasemset, A. S. Daryoush, N. R. Samant, "Maximum dynamic range operation of a microwave external modulation fiber-optic link," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 1299-1305 (1993).

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, P. H. Chang, "A photonic integrated-optic RF phase shifter for phased array antenna beam-forming applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2201-2205 (1993).

1985 (1)

R. A. Soref, "Voltage-controlled optical/RF phased shifter," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-3, 992-998 (1985).

1981 (1)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, T. Sueta, "Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2225-2227 (1981).

App. Opt. (1)

P. Qu, J. Zhou, W. Chen, F. Li, H. Li, C. Liu, S. Ruan, W. Dong, "Analysis and design of tunable wideband microwave photonics phase shifter based on Fabry-Perot cavity and Bragg mirrors in silicon-on-insulator waveguide," App. Opt. 49, 2391-2396 (2010).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Xue, F. Ohman, S. Blaaberg, Y. Chen, S. Sales, J. Mork, "Broadband microwave photonic phase shifter based on polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 44, 684-685 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. R. Fisher, S. L. Chuang, "A microwave photonic phase-shifter based on wavelength conversion in a DFB laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714-1716 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

E. Ackerman, S. Wanuga, D. Kasemset, A. S. Daryoush, N. R. Samant, "Maximum dynamic range operation of a microwave external modulation fiber-optic link," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 1299-1305 (1993).

C. F. Campbell, S. A. Brown, "A compact 5-bit phase-shifter MMIC for K-band satellite communication systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 48, 2652-2656 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, T. Sueta, "Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2225-2227 (1981).

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase and frequency by use of electro-optic effect," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-91 (2007).

IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. (1)

S. S. Lee, A. H. Udupa, H. Erlig, H. Zhang, Y. Chang, C. Zhang, D. H. Chang, D. Bhattacharya, B. Tsap, W. H. Steier, L. R. Dalton, H. R. Fetterman, "Demonstration of a photonically controlled RF phase shifter," IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett. 9, 357-359 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, M. Izutsu, "Single side-band modulation performance of a LiNbO3 integrated modulator consisting of four-phase modulator waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364-366 (2001).

A. Loayssa, F. J. Lahoz, "Broad-band RF photonic phase shifter based on stimulated Brillouin scattering and single-sideband modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208-210 (2006).

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, R. A. Minasian, "Photonic beamforming based on programmable phase shifters with amplitude and phase control," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1286-1288 (2011).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, "A wide-band microwave photonic phase and frequency shifter," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1003-1006 (1997).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

E. H. W. Chan, R. A. Minasian, "Photonic RF phase shifter and tunable photonic RF notch filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2676-2682 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

R. A. Soref, "Voltage-controlled optical/RF phased shifter," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-3, 992-998 (1985).

J. Han, B. J. Seo, S. K. Kim, H. Zhang, H. R. Fetterman, "Single-chip integrated electro-optic polymer photonic RF phase shifter array," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3257-3261 (2003).

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, P. H. Chang, "A photonic integrated-optic RF phase shifter for phased array antenna beam-forming applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 2201-2205 (1993).

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. A. Riza, S. A. Khan, M. A. Arain, "Flexible beamforming for optically controlled phased array antenna," Opt. Commun. 227, 301-310 (2003).

Opt. Exp. (1)

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Mork, "Wideband 360° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifers," Opt. Exp. 18, 6156-6163 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Y. Frankel, P. J. Matthews, R. D. Esman, L. Goldberg, "Practical optical beamforming networks," Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 1033-1050 (1998).

Other (2)

T. Kawanishi, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, M. Izutsu, "Integrated lithium-niobate optical modulators for ultra-wideband signal generation in millimetre- and micro-wave bands," 19th Annu. Meet. IEEE Lasers Electro-Opt. Soc. (2006) pp. 456-457.

VPItransmissionMaker photonic simulator. www.VPIsystems.com.

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