Abstract

A novel graphene-oxide-based saturable absorber with 12% modulation depth, which is fabricated by the novel vertical evaporation technique, can be used to passively mode locked the Nd:GdVO<sub>4</sub> ultrafast laser system. The maximum average output power measured is 1.1 W and it is operating at TEM<sub>00</sub> mode. The measured pulse duration and repetition rate are 4.5 ps and 70 MHz, respectively. This low-cost, broadband graphene-oxide-based saturable absorber can potentially be used practically in the high-power mode-locking laser system.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012 (2)

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, P. Wang, "Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 20, 15474-15480 (2012).

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, "Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAIO3 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15-19 (2012).

2011 (6)

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, "Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by vertical evaporation technique," Opt. Commun. 284, 1303-1306 (2011).

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, L. Sun, L. Guo, W. Hou, J. Tang, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, "880 nm LD pumped passive Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Laser Phys. 21, 454-458 (2011).

H. R. Chen, Y. G. Wang, C. Y. Tsai, K. H. Lin, T. Y. Chang, J. Tang, W. F. Hsieh, "High-power passively mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser using single-walled carbon nanotubes as saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 36, 1284-1286 (2011).

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, Y. Z. Wu, X. P. Hao, J. L. He, K. J. Yang, "Graphene saturable absorber mirror for ultra-fast-pulse solid-state laser," Opt. Lett. 36, 1948-1950 (2011).

Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, D. N. Wang, "Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution," Opt. Lett. 36, 3024-3026 (2011).

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, J. Tang, "High efficient sandwich-structured wall paper graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser," Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).

2010 (4)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser," ACS Nano. 4, 803-810 (2010).

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene photonics and optoelectronics," Nature Photon. 4, 611-622 (2010).

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, J. X. Yang, S. Wang, D. Y. Tang, R. Jose, S. Ramakrishna, C. T. Lim, K. P. Loh, "Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 782-791 (2010).

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, D. Y. Tang, "Mode locking of ceramic Nd: yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031106-1-031106-3 (2010).

2009 (3)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, "Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics," Adv. Matt. 21, 3874-3899 (2009).

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene," Opt. Exp. 17, 17630-17635 (2009).

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, O. G. Okhotnikov, "Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology," Opt. Exp. 17, 2358-2363 (2009).

2008 (2)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, A. K. Geim, "Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene," Science 320, 1308 (2008).

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, "Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 042116 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

S. D. Pan, J. L. He, Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. Y. Ma, "Diode-end-pumped passively CW mode-locked Nd:YLF laser by the LT-In0:25 Ga0:75 As absorber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1097-1100 (2006).

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, A. M. Rubenchik, "Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 6803-6810 (2006).

2005 (2)

J. Du, X. Y. Liang, Y. G. Wang, W. W. Feng, E. W. Dai, L. H. Lin, Z. Z. Xu, L. B. Su, J. Xu, "1 ps passively mode-locked laser operation of Na, Yb:CaF$_{2}$ crystal," Opt. Exp. 13, 7970-7975 (2005).

Y. Sakakibara, Aleksey, G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: Applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).

2004 (2)

Y. G. Wang, X. Y. Ma, Y. S. Wang, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Z. G. Zhang, "800 nm Bragg mirror based semiconductor saturable absorption mirror with low temperature and surface state hybrid absorber," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 1282-1284 (2004).

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jing, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, "Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films," Science 306, 666-669 (2004).

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

S. Iijima, "Helical microtubeles of graphitic carbon," Nature 354, 56-58 (1991).

1958 (1)

W. S. Hummers, R. E. Offeman, "Preparation of graphitic oxide," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 80, 1339 (1958).

ACS Nano. (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser," ACS Nano. 4, 803-810 (2010).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. L. Bao, H. Zhang, J. X. Yang, S. Wang, D. Y. Tang, R. Jose, S. Ramakrishna, C. T. Lim, K. P. Loh, "Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers," Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 782-791 (2010).

Adv. Matt. (1)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, A. C. Ferrari, "Nanotube-polymer composites for ultrafast photonics," Adv. Matt. 21, 3874-3899 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, M. G. Spencer, "Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 042116 (2008).

W. D. Tan, C. Y. Su, R. J. Knize, G. Q. Xie, L. J. Li, D. Y. Tang, "Mode locking of ceramic Nd: yttrium aluminum garnet with graphene as a saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031106-1-031106-3 (2010).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. G. Wang, X. Y. Ma, Y. S. Wang, G. F. Chen, W. Zhao, Z. G. Zhang, "800 nm Bragg mirror based semiconductor saturable absorption mirror with low temperature and surface state hybrid absorber," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 1282-1284 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. D. Pan, J. L. He, Y. E. Hou, Y. X. Fan, H. T. Wang, Y. G. Wang, X. Y. Ma, "Diode-end-pumped passively CW mode-locked Nd:YLF laser by the LT-In0:25 Ga0:75 As absorber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1097-1100 (2006).

J. Amer. Chem. Soc. (1)

W. S. Hummers, R. E. Offeman, "Preparation of graphitic oxide," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 80, 1339 (1958).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, P. S. Banks, M. D. Feit, V. Yanovsky, A. M. Rubenchik, "Ultrashort-pulse laser machining of dielectric materials," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 6803-6810 (2006).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Sakakibara, Aleksey, G. Rozhin, H. Kataura, Y. Achiba, M. Tokumoto, "Carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) nanocomposite film devices: Applications for femtosecond fiber laser mode lockers and optical amplifier noise suppressors," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 1621-1625 (2005).

Laser Phys. (1)

L. Zhang, Y. G. Wang, H. J. Yu, L. Sun, L. Guo, W. Hou, J. Tang, X. C. Lin, J. M. Li, "880 nm LD pumped passive Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber," Laser Phys. 21, 454-458 (2011).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, J. Xu, "Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAIO3 laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15-19 (2012).

Nanotechnology (1)

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, J. Tang, "High efficient sandwich-structured wall paper graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 laser," Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).

Nature (1)

S. Iijima, "Helical microtubeles of graphitic carbon," Nature 354, 56-58 (1991).

Nature Photon. (1)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, A. C. Ferrari, "Graphene photonics and optoelectronics," Nature Photon. 4, 611-622 (2010).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. T. Tai, S. D. Pan, Y. G. Wang, J. Tang, "Saturable absorber using single wall carbon nanotube-poly (vinylalcohol) deposited by vertical evaporation technique," Opt. Commun. 284, 1303-1306 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (4)

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, "Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene," Opt. Exp. 17, 17630-17635 (2009).

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. D. Wu, Q. H. Yang, P. Wang, "Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 20, 15474-15480 (2012).

J. Du, X. Y. Liang, Y. G. Wang, W. W. Feng, E. W. Dai, L. H. Lin, Z. Z. Xu, L. B. Su, J. Xu, "1 ps passively mode-locked laser operation of Na, Yb:CaF$_{2}$ crystal," Opt. Exp. 13, 7970-7975 (2005).

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, O. G. Okhotnikov, "Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology," Opt. Exp. 17, 2358-2363 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (7)

Science (2)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jing, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, A. A. Firsov, "Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films," Science 306, 666-669 (2004).

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, A. K. Geim, "Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene," Science 320, 1308 (2008).

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