Abstract

We propose and demonstrate an integrated long- reach passive optical network (PON) and in-house graded-index plastic optical fiber (GI-POF) network architecture for hybrid community antenna television (CATV) and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals transmission. By reasonably multiplexing the OFDM and CATV signals into a CATV transmitter, both signals originated from a central office (CO) are successfully transmitted over a span of 60 km single mode fiber (SMF) and another span of 25 m GI-POF to consumers' devices. Although the SMF and GI-POF have different core sizes and attenuation features, no any bridge circuit or wavelength converter is utilized in the proposed architecture resulting in a transparent platform for the Internet service providers (ISPs) to directly manage their long-distance services toward suburban or rural areas. Since the optical signal generated at the CO can be transmitted straightforward to the consumers' devices, the average packet delay and packet overhead size can be greatly reduced and the quality of services (QoS) can be maintained easier. Good experimental performances of the CATV and OFDM signals transmission proof the practice and efficiency of this proposal to extend multimedia services from metro areas to suburban and rural areas.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).
  2. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, H. J. Park, J. H. Kim, "FTTH deployment status & strategy in Korea: GW-PON based FTTH field trial and reach extension strategy of FTTH in Korea," Proc. Conf. Global Telecommun. (2008) pp. 1-3.
  3. C. H. Chang, H. H. Lu, H. S. Su, C. L. Shih, K. J. Chen, "A broadband ASE light source-based full-duplex FTTX/ROF transport system," Opt. Exp. 17, 22246-22253 (2009).
  4. K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 209-211 (2012).
  5. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).
  6. S. M. Lee, S. G. Mun, M. H. Kim, C. H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).
  7. R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S. H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-291 (2009).
  8. H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. S. Su, C. T. Hsu, "Integration of FTTH and GI-POF in-house networks based on injection locking and direct-detection techniques," Opt. Exp. 19, 6749-6755 (2011).
  9. M. Ruffini, D. Mehta, B. O'Sullivan, L. Quesada, L. Doyle, D. B. Payne, "Deployment strategies for protected long-reach PON," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 118-129 (2012).
  10. W. Li, S. Li, Y. Li, S. Luo, X. Chen, "An in-door wireless localization system in campus network," Proc. Int. Conf. Wireless Com. Net. Mobile Comput. (2008) pp. 4969-4972.
  11. K.-H. Kim, B.-S. Ha, Y.-D. Lee, W.-K. Hong, "DILSA: Distributed in-door location system architecture," Proc. Conf. on Annual IEEE Int. Symposium Workshop Eng. Compu. Based Sys. (2006) pp. 493-494.
  12. T. Jia, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, X. Ai, J. Xu, "Characteristics of radio transmission over polymer optical fiber for indoor wireless coverage," Opt. Commun. 264, 142-147 (2006).
  13. O. Ziemann, H. Poisel, J. Vinogradov, "Potential of high speed, short distance optical data communication on large diameter optical fibers," Proc. Conf. Electron. Systemintegration Technol. (2006) pp. 409-414.
  14. L. Shi, S. S. Lee, H. Song, B. Mukherjee, "Energy-efficient long-reach passive optical network: A network planning approach based on user behaviors," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 449-457 (2010).
  15. A. V. Tran, K. L. Lee, J. C. Ellershaw, J. L. Riding, K. Hinton, B. S. G. Pillai, T. Smith, R. S. Tucker, "Long-reach passive optical networks for rural and remote areas," Proc. Conf. Opt. Internet. (2010) pp. 11-14.
  16. W. S. Mohammed, X. Gu, J. Meier, "All fiber on-axis coupling scheme between single mode fiber and GRIN fiber," J. Mod. Opt. 55, 1033-1049 (2008).

2012

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 209-211 (2012).

M. Ruffini, D. Mehta, B. O'Sullivan, L. Quesada, L. Doyle, D. B. Payne, "Deployment strategies for protected long-reach PON," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 118-129 (2012).

2011

H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. S. Su, C. T. Hsu, "Integration of FTTH and GI-POF in-house networks based on injection locking and direct-detection techniques," Opt. Exp. 19, 6749-6755 (2011).

2010

L. Shi, S. S. Lee, H. Song, B. Mukherjee, "Energy-efficient long-reach passive optical network: A network planning approach based on user behaviors," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 449-457 (2010).

2009

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

C. H. Chang, H. H. Lu, H. S. Su, C. L. Shih, K. J. Chen, "A broadband ASE light source-based full-duplex FTTX/ROF transport system," Opt. Exp. 17, 22246-22253 (2009).

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S. H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-291 (2009).

2008

W. S. Mohammed, X. Gu, J. Meier, "All fiber on-axis coupling scheme between single mode fiber and GRIN fiber," J. Mod. Opt. 55, 1033-1049 (2008).

2007

S. M. Lee, S. G. Mun, M. H. Kim, C. H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).

2006

T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

T. Jia, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, X. Ai, J. Xu, "Characteristics of radio transmission over polymer optical fiber for indoor wireless coverage," Opt. Commun. 264, 142-147 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "103-Gb/s long-reach WDM PON implemented by using directly modulated RSOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 209-211 (2012).

IEEE Syst. J.

L. Shi, S. S. Lee, H. Song, B. Mukherjee, "Energy-efficient long-reach passive optical network: A network planning approach based on user behaviors," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 449-457 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol.

S. M. Lee, S. G. Mun, M. H. Kim, C. H. Lee, "Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 271-276 (2007).

R. P. Davey, D. B. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. B. Payne, D. Nesset, A. E. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, S. H. Yang, "Long-reach passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 273-291 (2009).

J. Mod. Opt.

W. S. Mohammed, X. Gu, J. Meier, "All fiber on-axis coupling scheme between single mode fiber and GRIN fiber," J. Mod. Opt. 55, 1033-1049 (2008).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

Opt. Commun.

T. Jia, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, X. Ai, J. Xu, "Characteristics of radio transmission over polymer optical fiber for indoor wireless coverage," Opt. Commun. 264, 142-147 (2006).

Opt. Exp.

H. C. Peng, H. H. Lu, C. Y. Li, H. S. Su, C. T. Hsu, "Integration of FTTH and GI-POF in-house networks based on injection locking and direct-detection techniques," Opt. Exp. 19, 6749-6755 (2011).

C. H. Chang, H. H. Lu, H. S. Su, C. L. Shih, K. J. Chen, "A broadband ASE light source-based full-duplex FTTX/ROF transport system," Opt. Exp. 17, 22246-22253 (2009).

Proc. IEEE

T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

Other

J. Park, G. Y. Kim, H. J. Park, J. H. Kim, "FTTH deployment status & strategy in Korea: GW-PON based FTTH field trial and reach extension strategy of FTTH in Korea," Proc. Conf. Global Telecommun. (2008) pp. 1-3.

W. Li, S. Li, Y. Li, S. Luo, X. Chen, "An in-door wireless localization system in campus network," Proc. Int. Conf. Wireless Com. Net. Mobile Comput. (2008) pp. 4969-4972.

K.-H. Kim, B.-S. Ha, Y.-D. Lee, W.-K. Hong, "DILSA: Distributed in-door location system architecture," Proc. Conf. on Annual IEEE Int. Symposium Workshop Eng. Compu. Based Sys. (2006) pp. 493-494.

O. Ziemann, H. Poisel, J. Vinogradov, "Potential of high speed, short distance optical data communication on large diameter optical fibers," Proc. Conf. Electron. Systemintegration Technol. (2006) pp. 409-414.

A. V. Tran, K. L. Lee, J. C. Ellershaw, J. L. Riding, K. Hinton, B. S. G. Pillai, T. Smith, R. S. Tucker, "Long-reach passive optical networks for rural and remote areas," Proc. Conf. Opt. Internet. (2010) pp. 11-14.

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