Abstract

To reuse the downstream carrier for upstream transmission, a data eraser is mandatory for bleaching the downstream data in the dense wavelength division multiplexing passive optical networks (DWDM-PONs). In this paper, a self-feedback semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) fiber loop operated at power saturation condition is employed as a data-amplitude clipper, which helps to erase the downstream pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) data carried by the downstream channelized broadband light source. The self-feedback SOA fiber loop can adjust its feedback coupling ratio to offset the in-line amplified spontaneous emission power level; hence, the continuous-wave biased point of the input optical power can be adjusted prior to the input of the SOA. The self-feedback architecture efficiently clips the downstream data amplitude to significantly reduce the extinction ratio of data on carrier from 13 to 1.6 dB. Afterward, the data-erased downstream carrier is reused to successfully carry the upstream ON–OFF-keying PRBS data at 2.5 Gbit/s in a 200 GHz channelized bidirectional DWDM-PON. The downstream carrier reused for upstream transmission can provide a back-to-back receiving power sensitivity of -24 dBm at BER of 10<sup>-9</sup>. The carrier reused upstream transmission induces a power penalty of -6 dB as compared to the downstream case. After transmission in a 25-km long single-mode fiber, the reused upstream transmission further degrades its receiving power sensitivity to -22 dBm with additional penalty of 2 dB.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  2. J. J. Koponen, M. J. Soderlund, "A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper MF99.
  3. W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. Park, B. K. Kim, B. Kim, "Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced WDM-PON light sources using FP-LD," ETRI J. 27, 334-336 (2005).
  4. H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).
  5. N. S. Ribeiro, A. R. Cavalcante, C. M. Gallep, E. Conforti, "Data rewriting after carrier erasing by ultra-long SOA," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper JWA 42.
  6. Y. H. Lin, C. J. Lin, G. C. Lin, G.-R. Lin, "Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier," Opt. Exp. 19, 4067-4075 (2011).
  7. Y. H. Huang, G. C. Lin, H. L. Wang, Y. H. Lin, S. C. Ko, J. W. Liaw, G.-R. Lin, "Weak-resonant-cavity FPLD based down-stream amplitude squeezer for injection-locking RSOA transmitter in DWDM-PON," presented at the Laser Electro-Opt. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper JThE81.
  8. G.-R. Lin, Y. H. Lin, C. J. Lin, Y. C. Chi, G. C. Lin, "Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 676-685 (2011).
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optics Communication System (Wiley, 2002).
  10. A. A. M. Saleh, I. M. I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor-optical-amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high-speed intensity-modulation lightwave systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 839-846 (1990).
  11. G.-H. Peng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-R. Lin, "DWDM channel spacing tunable optical TDM carrier from a mode-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode based fiber ring," Opt. Exp. 16, 13405-13413 (2008).
  12. G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-H. Lin, "200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE," Opt. Exp. 17, 17739-17746 (2009).
  13. G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, T.-K. Chen, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Tehcnol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).
  14. G.-R. Lin, C.-L. Pan, K.-C. Wu, "Dynamic chirp control of all-optical format-converted pulsed data from a multi-wavelength inverse-optical-comb injected semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Exp. 15, 13330-13339 (2007).

2011 (2)

Y. H. Lin, C. J. Lin, G. C. Lin, G.-R. Lin, "Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier," Opt. Exp. 19, 4067-4075 (2011).

G.-R. Lin, Y. H. Lin, C. J. Lin, Y. C. Chi, G. C. Lin, "Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 676-685 (2011).

2009 (2)

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-H. Lin, "200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE," Opt. Exp. 17, 17739-17746 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, T.-K. Chen, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Tehcnol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).

2008 (1)

G.-H. Peng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-R. Lin, "DWDM channel spacing tunable optical TDM carrier from a mode-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode based fiber ring," Opt. Exp. 16, 13405-13413 (2008).

2007 (1)

G.-R. Lin, C.-L. Pan, K.-C. Wu, "Dynamic chirp control of all-optical format-converted pulsed data from a multi-wavelength inverse-optical-comb injected semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Exp. 15, 13330-13339 (2007).

2005 (2)

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. Park, B. K. Kim, B. Kim, "Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced WDM-PON light sources using FP-LD," ETRI J. 27, 334-336 (2005).

2003 (1)

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).

1990 (1)

A. A. M. Saleh, I. M. I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor-optical-amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high-speed intensity-modulation lightwave systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 839-846 (1990).

ETRI J. (1)

W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. Park, B. K. Kim, B. Kim, "Noise suppression of spectrum-sliced WDM-PON light sources using FP-LD," ETRI J. 27, 334-336 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G.-R. Lin, Y. H. Lin, C. J. Lin, Y. C. Chi, G. C. Lin, "Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 676-685 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

A. A. M. Saleh, I. M. I. Habbab, "Effects of semiconductor-optical-amplifier nonlinearity on the performance of high-speed intensity-modulation lightwave systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 839-846 (1990).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Takesue, T. Sugie, "Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2546-2556 (2003).

J. Lightw. Tehcnol. (1)

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, T.-K. Chen, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Tehcnol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (4)

G.-R. Lin, C.-L. Pan, K.-C. Wu, "Dynamic chirp control of all-optical format-converted pulsed data from a multi-wavelength inverse-optical-comb injected semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Exp. 15, 13330-13339 (2007).

G.-H. Peng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-R. Lin, "DWDM channel spacing tunable optical TDM carrier from a mode-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode based fiber ring," Opt. Exp. 16, 13405-13413 (2008).

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-H. Lin, "200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE," Opt. Exp. 17, 17739-17746 (2009).

Y. H. Lin, C. J. Lin, G. C. Lin, G.-R. Lin, "Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier," Opt. Exp. 19, 4067-4075 (2011).

Other (4)

Y. H. Huang, G. C. Lin, H. L. Wang, Y. H. Lin, S. C. Ko, J. W. Liaw, G.-R. Lin, "Weak-resonant-cavity FPLD based down-stream amplitude squeezer for injection-locking RSOA transmitter in DWDM-PON," presented at the Laser Electro-Opt. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper JThE81.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optics Communication System (Wiley, 2002).

N. S. Ribeiro, A. R. Cavalcante, C. M. Gallep, E. Conforti, "Data rewriting after carrier erasing by ultra-long SOA," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper JWA 42.

J. J. Koponen, M. J. Soderlund, "A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU," presented at the Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper MF99.

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